Leo Frank
Leo Frank

Leo Frank



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Leo Frank
10 Views · 8 months ago

⁣In the sixth part of a 13-part series, attorney Tom Watson reveals how Leo Frank was cross-examined and lied to in the face of conflicting testimony from various witnesses. Montin Stover's testimony proved that Leo Frank was a liar. Detective Harry Scott questions Leo Frank, who says he was in the office when Montin Stover went to collect his paycheck. Governor Tom Watson, John M.⁣Slaton, Leo Frank's business partner, may be trying to avoid the lawsuit by buying his office as a pen and pencil prostitute.

Rich Jews couldn't buy poor Americans or even the courts (including judges, lawyers, and juries), but they could buy corrupt politicians to pardon Jewish sex offenders. The Jewish-owned press portrayed him as a small, skinny, 6-foot-130-pounder, unable to beat Mary Fagan, when in reality he was 6-foot-tall and weighed 155 pounds at least.

These falsifications of Leo Frank's body measurements were carried out to shift responsibility for the crime onto Jim Conley, an African-American factory manager. No one expected a well-trained and physically fit athlete like Leo Frank to keep trying to seduce a girl for over a year. She constantly resisted him, and finally, unable to overcome his passion, he decided to beat her unconscious with the iron handle of a lathe and rape her while she worked.

He went mad and was hanged because he did not want to be castrated and killed as a rapist. Mel Stanford said he saw blood and hair samples near the locker room. Stanford cleaned the floor on Friday without taking any blood or hair samples. He noticed this when he went to the cleaners again on Monday. Ms. George Jefferson, who worked in a pencil factory, said he saw bloodstains near the girl's dressing room. E.F., a factory inspector who sympathized with Leo Frank.

Holloway said Leo visited Corinthia Hall and Emma Clark again before entering the factory to collect his wages. RP Barrett is a factory worker who discovers blood and hair at his workplace. Leo Frank bribed his ex NV Darley as an alibi for planting another sex offender who molested underage girls like Opie Dickerson.

Evidence related to the murder of Newt Lee. However, when N.W.Darley went to see Leo Frank the next morning, Monday, Leo Frank abandoned the match, saying he was nervous. Also, he R.P. Barrett said they found payment envelopes, white powder to clean up evidence and traces of blood. When Leo Frank responded to the police, his body language indicated that he was involved in the murder.

Leo Frank
16 Views · 8 months ago

⁣Harry Scott said in his deposition that Leo Frank admitted to being in his office every minute between 12:00 and 12:30 on April 26, 1913. That was the day Mary Phagan was suspected of was killed and also Harry claimed to have killed her. An exhaustive search turned up nothing of interest. When Leo Frank's attorney Rosser asked Mary if the metal in her pencil was damaged, Frank did his best to get her to say "no" instead of "I don't know." According to the customer's response, there was no reason for either of them to enter the metal room to check that the material had been delivered. The availability of the delivered metal was a condition for Mary to return to work the following Monday morning. The answer to Mary's question is important because it indicates whether you went to the metal room to check if you weren't sure if it was there. Frank's lawyer tried to keep Mary as far away from Frank as possible, as a strand of hair was found on the protruding arm of the lathe and traces of blood were found in the metal chamber. This discovery implicated Leo in the rape and murder of Mary Phagan, as key evidence indicating that Leo Frank was in the same room. Another witness who took the stand was a young woman named Monteen Stover, about the same age as Mary Phagan, who said she was in Leo Frank's office at the same time as the manager of the pencil factory. There. He said he was there at 12:05, but Leo didn't see Frank when he said he was there. He also went to a second (inside) office next to the outer office, but did not see or hear anyone inside the building. He also said the metal room door was locked. Another Leo Frank attorney, John Slayton, said Mary Phagan, the manager of a pencil factory, was not at his office at 12:07 a.m. when he arrived to collect his wages. Instead, John Slaton claimed, based on falsified records, that Leo Frank was in the back office when Monteen Stover was waiting for his customers to come out and pay. He issued a statement from the Governor, contradicting Monteen's personal and persistent story that Leo was not in his inner or outer office when Frank found him, and that Leo was in his office at the same time. Monteen's testimony does not bend or bend under the pressure of John M. Slaton, the governor and lawyer who deceives Leo.

Leo Frank
16 Views · 8 months ago

⁣⁣Gantt went on to testify that he was shocked to see that Leo Frank appeared to have fallen from the sky. Another witness, J.A. White told her husband that she went to work twice that Saturday, the day before (11:30 p.m. and 11:50 p.m.) and in the afternoon (12:30 a.m.) where Jim Conley, a plant manager ⁣of color, was staying in the hallway.

He said he saw something there on the first floor. The floor between the stairs and the door. Leo Frank said that Mary Fagan came to the factory around noon (or shortly thereafter) to collect her weekly wages, as she had been laid off on Monday. He left after asking if the pencil holder had arrived, and as he left, Frank said he thought he heard other people's voices near the stairs. In those 40 minutes, Leo Frank had direct access to Mary Fagan, Jim had the opportunity to rape and kill Mary Fagan by giving her the closest alibi, and Jim Conley was involved in the murder to help him.

The next witness was Leo Frank's private investigator, Harry Scott. He said he knew because the manager of the pencil factory, Mary Fagan, had been fired a week earlier. This further undermined Leo Frank's credibility as he initially refused to admit that he did not know. It absolutely is. At the same time, Leo Frank Pinkerton pointed out to Detective Harry that Gantt was closer to Mary Fagan than he was, and did so several times to avoid the suspicions of his staff.

She did so by saying that Gant always paid attention to her and was very interested in her. Leo Frank Law Group attorney Herbert J. Haas asked lead investigator Harry Scott of the Pinkerton Detective Agency to turn over all the evidence he had collected before the trial, but the police promptly refused the officer and his colleagues. team.

The officer also testified that in order to obtain additional information from the night patrol, Leo Frank and Newt Lee were placed in a room next to the manager of the pencil factory and had a private conversation for 10 minutes. Newt Lee insisted on his innocence and stuck to the original story, while Leo Frank's strained language made him the prime suspect in the crime.

Leo Frank
10 Views · 8 months ago

⁣In the third article on the Leo Frank case in the September 1915 issue of Watson magazine, Sargent Dobbs describes what he saw on the morning of April 27, 2013, after Newt Lee called him and his team. He confirmed Newt Lee's earlier claims that Mary Fagan's body was found lying face down and accused a third party - a "tall black bastard" - of attempting the murder. Jim Conley, the manager of the pencil factory, was blamed. Another officer and witness, identified as John N. Starnes, took a fingerprint sample from the back door, which showed bloody prints. Jim Conley's attorney, Wm. Smith was willing to give the money to his client and even asked for his fingerprints twice, but received no response from Leo Frank's legal team.

The next few witnesses V.M. Smith and John Black were sent by John N.

town officials to pick up Leo Frank. Starnes sent Mary to the morgue to see her reaction to seeing her body.

Without even looking at Mary Fagan's body, Frank went into another room and went straight to the pencil factory.

There, Frank pretended to confirm that Mary Fagan worked for him and left shortly after noon.


Mary Fagan was found in such a dangerous and disheveled condition that none of the witnesses were able to identify her as the white girl.

John R.

Black testified against Frank because he was the one who went with Rogers to pick up Leo Frank, who appeared nervous on the way to the morgue and the police station, from his home. Mr. Haas, Leo Frank's attorney, John R.

Black and Mr. Scott go to Newt Lee's house and find a bloody T-shirt.

Another witness, Rogers, told police that Newt Lee was under arrest at the time and was with Gantt at the time of the crime when Leo Frank came to retrieve a pair of shoes from Gantt's possession.

Abandoned. This was meant to allay the suspicions of plant manager Jim Conley, while criticizing Newt Lee and Gant. When Gant appeared in court to testify, he said that he had been fired from the factory on April 7, 1913, and that he and Leo Frank had known Mary Fagan since they were children. This testimony contradicted Frank's testimony that he lost all credibility before the jury that he barely knew Mary Fagan as a salaried employee and paid her a weekly wage.

Leo Frank
20 Views · 8 months ago

⁣The passage goes on to compare the Becker case to the Frank case, with the judge refusing to let the former case proceed and the defendant's attorney calling the former case's trial "a sham." The judge defended the prosecutor in the case, but Leo Frank's Jewish lawyer wanted the case to continue. But the US Supreme Court ruled that Frank's rights had been violated. In a racist hit piece against Jim Conley, Jewish media outlets like the Daily claimed that Frank was falsely accused of being a black criminal with a clean criminal record before becoming an accomplice in the rape and murder of Leo Frank . Georgia law does not only require evidence of accomplices to convict a criminal. That is why Leo Max Frank was indicted. Otherwise, the judge would have been charged with perjury. Neither Frank nor his accomplices were ever convicted of murder. Mary Fagan was a very good Christian girl in Adriaal's class at the First Christian Bible School. His mother was Mrs. J.W. Coleman said the last time he saw his daughter was what she was doing before she died and that her clothing and appearance matched what he saw at the crime scene. Other witnesses, such as George Epp, also came forward and said where Mary Fagan was last seen before her death (the witness was riding the tram with her) and later said she was never at the stadium. The next witness was Newt Lee, the night watchman who discovered Mary Fagan's body the next day and claimed that Frank wanted her to come in early. Newt said that Gant had come to retrieve two pairs of shoes he had left behind while working at the factory, and Frank asked Newt Lee, who is black, to find the shoes from a former employee. That night, on his way to the laundry after being called by nature, he accidentally discovered Mary's body in the basement and quickly reported what happened to the police. The next night, Frank was also questioned. A week at a local station. Attached to the body was a note identifying Jim Conley (identified as a tall, dark, lanky black man) and blaming him for the murder (identified in the note as Newt Lee, a black night watchman). Sergeant Dobbs, the police officer and eyewitness, later said he called at 3.25am on April 27, 2013, giving basic details of what he saw.

⁣This case is mandatory study for all 8th grade students in Georgia, if you are interested in learning more about it, please read these two books:
1 - The Murder of Little Mary Phagan by Mary Kean, 1988
2 - The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews, Volume 3 the Leo Frank Case, the Lynching of a Guilty Man by NOI Research Group, 2016

Leo Frank
23 Views · 8 months ago

⁣Watson's article begins by pointing out several instances where murder is justified to protect a woman's honor and dignity. The first was a famous New York architect named Stanford White who owned a harem full of underage girls. The Jewish newspapers always promoted him in a positive light. He took the young and innocent Evelyn Nesbit, and when her mother sold her for money, he drugged her and forced her into rough sex. However, she returned to him as the affair continued for a while until a man named Harry Thaw saw her and married her. After Harry and Evelyn were married, they honeymooned in Europe, and he told her about his meeting with Stanford White.

This made Harry so angry that he shot Stanford for abusing his wife before they were married.

Despite the propaganda in the Jewish controlled media, 75% of Americans supported Harry Thaw. They claimed that Harry Thaw's finances allowed Stanford White to be released from prison after a nine-year delay in execution. Otherwise, he would have been executed, but so would powerful people, such as politicians and clergy.

The Jewish-run media seemed to have no problem with this. Jewish newspapers such as Hearst and the New Republic held the judge, the jury, and the entire state of Georgia guilty of the justice meted out to local residents against Leo Frank.

According to the Jewish media, it was an embarrassment to democracy because the perpetrators demanded justice for a Jew, but it was ignored when Jews did not openly participate and use violence to lead the revolution against oppression and tyranny.

Horrible. The Jewish press says that men who use violence to protect young girls from temptation are cruel, even if the general public sympathizes with them.

On the other hand, when there are Jewish crimes against Jews, as between Becker and Rosenthal, the Jewish newspapers are generally immoral, and biased.

Sometimes they expressed sympathy for Becker, a convicted Jewish criminal, and criticized another third party (consisting of non-Jews) who might have "done" him. In this case, it was to catch the Rose-Webber gang.

he is. It ensures their survival.

The Leo Frank Case Chapter VIII  Frank's Story  Atlanta, Georgia  1913
Leo Frank
9 Views · 8 months ago

In Chapter 8, the Fulton County grand jury is sworn in by Judge W.D. Ellis for the Mary Phagan case. Leo M. Frank, the general superintendent of the National Pencil Company in Atlanta, Georgia testifies about his duties at the factory and his interaction with Mary Phagan before her murder on April 26, 1913. He explains that he gave her an envelope with her employee number and did not see her pay envelope after that. Frank also mentions that the foreman and other employees were present in his office before he went home and returned later. He describes his conversation with Lee, who they suspected knew something about the murder. Despite facing intense questioning, Frank remains composed as he finishes his testimony. Watch to find out more about what happens next!

11 Chapter 7 The Mary Phagan Inquest Starts In Atlanta Georgia Part XI
Leo Frank
22 Views · 8 months ago

⁣Judge W.D. Ellis introduced the new Fulton County grand jury and heard Frank's story before the coroner's jury reconvened Monday afternoon.

The judge impeached the members, arguing that if they were to prosecute those responsible for the young girl's death, Phagan's case should take precedence over all others. "Mary Phagan's case requires your immediate and careful attention," the judge said of the case. You have the power of the state. A heinous crime was committed, and the welfare of the community, the reputation of Atlanta's public justice system, and the authority of the law require that this grand jury, along with all other law enforcement authorities, investigate and investigate as thoroughly as possible. This is to quickly bring the culprit to justice.

A grand jury resumed its investigation into Mary Phagan's death Monday at 2:30 p.m. Leo ⁣M. Frank.

Among the first witnesses called was Frank. He testified for three and a half hours, detailing his presence and actions on the day of the murder. Dorsey, the coroner's attorney, was interrupted by Chief Lanford's questioning.

Mister and miss Another witness called that afternoon was Emil Selig, who had occupied the Franks' house.

Frank's father-in-law is Selig. When Frank first testified, he said he was living in Brooklyn, New York and that he left Brooklyn in October 1907 to travel abroad before returning to the United States and working for the National Pencil Company. America's best. The post of chief inspector. He said responsibilities for the role include overseeing materials procurement, researching production costs, ensuring proper order entry and fulfillment and general production management. As usual on Saturday morning, Frank recounted how he arrived at the factory and went about his daily tasks until noon.

Since it was a holiday, there were only 11 employees in the factory, which made things a little easier. As he began to copy the order onto a delivery requisition, he recounted how Alonzo Mann, the clerk, and Miss Hall, the stenographer, left the building shortly after twelve o'clock. They say no one was in the office at the time.

Frank said: “He killed that little girl. "He came around 12:10 or 12:05 and took the envelope." I haven't heard or seen anyone with him. I heard him talking to someone outside. When he arrived, I was in the office taking orders. I don't remember what he said. I looked up and realized that the employees were coming to pick up their pay envelopes. When he said he would, I handed him my envelope.

To save myself the trouble of going to the safe every time, I put them all in a basket near me. Frank said he didn't know Mary Phagan's phone number. The employee number is printed on each envelope, he said.

He admitted that he had looked up Mary Phagan's phone number after the murder, but had forgotten it.

After handing him the payment envelope, he said he had never seen it. He claimed that he did not enter the payments on pay stubs or other documents because the data was not required.

The girl left. As he walked out the front door, he asked about the condition of the medal. No, no, I told him.

He explained that Phagan's son had been unable to work since Monday due to a lack of metal. He said the boy had $20 in his pay envelope. One reason is that he worked Friday and Saturday the week before. He said he did not know her salary because he did not open the attached pay envelope when she left the company.

According to him, he heard her footsteps in the hallway and returned to work only to close the door due to the incident. Frank Phagan claimed he recognized the boy's face, although he did not know his name. He was partially behind her desk and couldn't see all the details of her dress, but said he thought it was brightly colored.

Her shoes and socks were hidden behind the desk, and he couldn't remember if she was wearing a hat, carrying an umbrella, or a bag. He said the girl came to his office between 12:10 and 12:15 and stayed there for about two minutes. He said he recognized him by the phone number, although he thought his name would be on the outside of the paid envelope.

The witness said no one else entered the office while he was there. In response to specialist research. He said he informed her that he was late when he left. In the far office he thought he heard her voice. After giving the envelope to the girl, she said she didn't add anything to her salary. At this moment, Frank said something shocking.

Five or ten minutes after Mary Phagan left, Lemmy Quinn, the head of the congressional department, entered the office. Frank said Quinn was only minutes away. After a short conversation, the director left at 12:25. me.

He said that Quinn, the head of the girls department, knew Mary Phagan. Frank said that before leaving the office, he went up to the fourth floor and met Mrs. C. White, Arthur White, Harry Denham, two boys working in the factory.

When Frank returned to the factory a short time later, he found White and Denim working on the third floor.

White borrowed $2 from him before leaving the building Frank left around 120 or 3am on Saturday. He said he followed them downstairs and locked the door for the afternoon. He says he's been doing it for a while.

He wrote in his financial statement that Mr. Lee arrived early in the afternoon and told him to come back, and that at 6 o'clock after the negro returned, Gant came to get his shoes. They said they left and arrived around 6:25. He described how he called Lee Myung-bak at work.

According to Frank, he went to bed at 11am. He then explained what happened the following Sunday.

Frank spoke to Lee at the police station and told him about the Monday after the murder. "They know you know something." When the detective told him to talk to the black man and get him to confess, Frank told the guard: He has the ability to shake us both if we don't say it. The investigators asked him what he should say.

After 6 o'clock, Frank left the stand and said he was not interested in the heated response and criticism he had received. Emil Selig and his wife, Mrs. Josephine Selig, followed Frank on the witness stand. Frank told reporters that despite the difficult experience, he was not at all tired or exhausted.

They gave virtually identical testimony, including that they saw Frank eating and drinking on Saturday, that he went to bed at 11 a.m., and that he got up on Sunday morning and went to the factory. They gave no indication that Frank was nervous during the 7.20 p.m. show. me. The investigation was adjourned to 9:30 a.m. on Thursday. During the period between Frank's statement and the cross-examination of his statement, other witnesses were allowed to be called.

Lemmy Quinn, who initially told investigators he was not at the pencil factory on Saturday, later admitted his mistake. He claimed that he had forgotten about his visit and that he had only been in Frank's office for a short time, a minute. When the inquest resumed on Thursday morning, he angrily refused to offer a bribe to protect Frank. Six witnesses testified. Boots Rogers, Lemmy Quinn, Miss Corinthia Hall, factory workers and Miss Hattie Hall, factory stenographer.

However, Judge J.L. Watkins and Miss Daisy Jones were subjected to rigorous cross-examination to refute claims that they had been in the factory on the day of the accident. Quinn stayed true to his story late into the evening. It had been a long time since Mary Phagan had expected to put the envelope with the payment and leave. Botts Rogers said in his testimony that Frank changed the watch band while officers were at the factory on the Sunday morning after Mary Phagan's body was discovered. He then asked for the knife he had taken from the watch.

Rogers also described Mr. Frank's behavior when the police went to his home on Sunday morning to take him to the factory. Production worker Corinthia Hall told the court that Mr Frank had not been reprimanded for the way he treated the girls at the factory. He also testified that he met Remy Queen at a restaurant near the factory around noon on Saturday, supporting his visit to the factory on the day of the accident. In his presentation, J.L. Watkins said he thought he saw Mary in the street near his house at around 5pm on Saturday but mistook Miss Daisy Jones for Mary Phagan. This was also the subject of Miss Jones's evidence.

Detective Harry Scott of the Pinkerton Agency was one of the first witnesses called at the hearing Thursday afternoon. He was Schiff's assistant, the manager of the pencil factory, who was fired after receiving a brief explanation. Scott made the most surprising revelation when he revealed that one of Frank's lawyers, Herbert Haas, had asked the police to withhold all evidence until Haas had a chance to examine it.

Scott said he informed Haas that he was the first person to dismiss the case. Scott replied, "No, I'm still working at the Pencil Factory." Detective John Black followed Scott to the witness stand and explained that he had found a bloody shirt at Lee's house on Tuesday afternoon after he was killed. When Frank and Newt Lee talk together at the police station, Frank tells Newt Lee that if he keeps talking, he and Newt will go to hell.

This is what happened when Newt Lee told the story. On Saturday afternoon he talked about Frank's nervousness. Mr. Lee replied that since the bloodstained shirt was found at his home, when investigated, it would definitely be his.

The four dresses I bought at the store were made by a white woman and are not hers. Called back to the stand, Frank testified to general questions about elevators, clocks, Saturday afternoon work, work that evening and Sunday morning, and the daily operations of the plant. City investigators then called several witnesses.

Tom Blackstock said that Frank touched the girls in the factories and learned to abuse them. Miss Nellie Wood, of Eight Korput Street, said she had worked at the pencil factory for about two years. She said that Frank was so famous that she didn't like that they were trying to pass him off as a joke. She also claimed that Frank would approach her and touch himself when it was inappropriate and that Mrs. Frank did nothing but smile and wink at the girls.

Located at 165 West 14th St., Donegan said he worked at the plant for three weeks about two years ago.

When the hero witnesses finished their testimony in the afternoon, the entire court breathed a sigh of relief as they realized that the now famous Phagan case would be heard by the panel that had been invited to examine it. At ten minutes past 6 a.m. on a Thursday in May 1 1913, Mary Phagan died at the National Pencil Factory.

Judge Donahue began his address to the jury with the indictment.

"You listened to the local doctors," he said. You witnessed the cause of death.

You've heard the evidence of the case and seen the body. It is your responsibility to thoroughly investigate how Mary Phagan died. You swore to do this. When someone dies of natural causes, it is your responsibility to find out who caused that death. A local doctor said the cause of death was asphyxiation. We look at the evidence to determine who is guilty of the crime. If another party is involved or tries to protect the criminal, he or she is equally guilty.

In this case, instead of going to court, you will go to bail court. If you have reasonable suspicion that someone was involved in this crime, it is your duty to pursue someone. You can also subpoena important witnesses to prove your case. We reserve the right to detain anyone who is not directly involved in the incident but who we believe may contain sensitive information. It is your responsibility to charge someone with a crime if you believe information is not being disclosed. The judging company consisted of six people, who appeared one after the other.

The crowd remained still. They were back in 20 minutes. The bishop rose and pronounced the sentence.

A coroner's jury found that Mary Phagan had been strangled to death, and the owner of the pencil factory, Leo M. Frank, and the night watchman recommended that Newt Lee be held pending a grand jury investigation.

Frank and the negro were taken to the tower where the sentences were pronounced.

Deputy Plenny Miner broke the news to the inmates after the first round of testimony. Frank was reading the evening paper in the tower hall. When he approached him, the deputy informed him that a grand jury had recommended that he and Lee be held for further investigation. "It was no better than I expected." Frank told him. Nothing more was said. Newt Lee's discoveries made his influence even more evident.

He hung his head in great sadness and continued to mutter, "I didn't do it, white collar people."

10 Chapter VI   Leo Frank is Arrested   Leo Frank Case 1913
Leo Frank
12 Views · 8 months ago

⁣⁣Leo M. Frank, a supervisor at the National Pencil Factory, was taken to the police station early Tuesday morning, April 29, and arrested for the murder of Mary Phagan. From that day he was never free.

He was no more suspicious than silly old Lee, young giant Gantt, or ex-conductor Arthur Mullinax. He was a thin, childish, weak and frail man. The best way to understand who he is is what he himself said before the jury that decided his fate nearly four months later. "I was born in Paris, Texas, on April 17, 1884," he said. "When I was three months old, my parents moved me to Brooklyn, New York, where I stayed until I moved south to Atlanta. I attended Brooklyn Public Schools and Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, New York, and settled here after college. I entered Cornell University for a mechanical engineering course in the fall of 1902 and studied there for four years until graduating in June, 1906. Then I agreed to work at the B.F. Sturdevant as a draftsman. This is a solid company based in High Park, Massachusetts. The National Meter Company in Brooklyn, New York hired me as a test engineer and draftsman after about six months with the company. Then I moved back to Brooklyn.

I continued in this position until the middle of October, 1907, when I was invited by the citizens of Atlanta to discuss the establishment and operation of a pencil factory to be located there. After spending about two weeks here, I left for New York, where I booked a ticket to Europe. Nine months later I was in Europe. Traveling abroad. I researched the pencil industry and oversaw the installation and testing of previously contracted equipment. I returned to the United States early in August, 1908, and went direct to Atlanta, which has since been my home."

I got married in Atlanta. She is a woman from Atlanta. Mrs. Lucille Selig. My wife's in-laws, Mr. and Mrs. Dot E, have been our guests for most of our married life. 68 East Georgia Ave., Selig. On Tuesday morning, before noon, Frank was arrested by the police at the pencil factory. Less than 10 minutes later, Frank was taken into custody and escorted from the police station by Pinkerton Bureau Detective Harry Scott and City Detective John Black.

Newport Police Chief A. Lanford announced that he would be arrested pending the completion of the investigation. News of this arrest spread quickly. There has been much speculation about Frank's involvement in this incident. Many friends came to help him. Many people who never met him argued that he must be guilty.

By his own admission, Frank was the last person known to have seen Mary Phagan alive and made the following disparaging comments about what was known at the time: When Nutri arrived at the factory in the afternoon, he was nervous, and that evening he called Nutri to let him know that he had called. Gant felt anxious when he arrived at the factory on Saturday afternoon. When the police took him to the factory on Sunday morning, he felt uncomfortable. After his arrest, Frank's friends were outraged. They immediately called Luther Z. Rosser is one of the best attorneys in Atlanta. While Frank was being questioned by detectives, Rosser immediately called the station and spoke to his client. Frank had a long conversation with Harry Scott, Pinkerton's investigator who, in addition to his lawyers, was employed by the factory workers. The Tuesday before the inquest in which four suspects were found guilty of murder saw the highest level of public protest since then. Opinions differed as to who was the culprit. Although many blamed the company's white manager, Leo Frank, or Newt Lee, the pencil factory's most common black employee.

Suspicions against Gants and Mullinax were soon raised. The factory, the suspect's home and the entire town were searched by city detectives and Pinkerton units.

09 Chapter V Crime Stirs Atlanta Leo Frank Case 1913
Leo Frank
15 Views · 8 months ago

⁣⁣When it was learned that Mary Phagan had been murdered in the basement of the National Pencil Factory, the city of Atlanta was more concerned than ever. The famous Grace incident was the excitement it created. There has been a lot of interest in the trial of Ms. Callie Scott Applebaum. But the mystery surrounding Mary Phagan's murder and the abomination of the act created a sensation that lasted for months after the supposed nine days.

An endless mystery. The mystery surrounding this case makes it one of the most famous in Georgia's criminal history. They all mentioned Mary Phagan's name. The papers were released one after the other on the Monday morning after the murder. About a dozen of them were arrested. The audience seemed so engrossed in the gruesome crime that they could bear it no longer. As a result, rumors abounded, many of them highly sensational.

Those who spread the rumor claimed it would help identify the killer. They overwhelmed the Atlanta Police Department. Before the first case ended on Sunday, members of the public unanimously found Mr Lee guilty after reports of another suspect led to the arrest of another man. It was the lover of the dead girl, Arthur Mullen Axe, a former tram conductor. According to L. Sentell's's statement, Mullinax was arrested. L.

Sentell was then an employee of C.J. Camper. The man was seen by an employee of a camping equipment company with Mary Phagan around 12:30 p.m. me.

On the morning of the murder, I was walking down Forsyth Street near the pencil factory. Sentell told police he had known Mary Phagan for several years and was convinced she was the girl he had seen on the street.

He added that he was even more surprised when he saw her coming and realized it was little Phagan. He said, "Hi, Mary," as the couple walked by, and she said, "Hi." Mullinax was quickly taken into custody by authorities and taken to the police station Sunday evening.

Sentell had a positive opinion of him after seeing him with Mary Phagan. When Mullinax was arrested, a mob gathered at the police station and several threats were made against his life. This is just one example of public protests. The suspect has denied his innocence, telling police he met Mary Phagan once at a Christmas play and only knew her by sight. After the police decided to arrest him on the charges, he was placed in another cell. Another suspect, J.M. Gantt was arrested Monday in Marietta. More shocking details revealed that Gantt was aware of the murder. Apparently he knows Mary Phagan.

He went to the factory on Saturday afternoon. He knew the building from his days as a factory worker. Mrs.

J.M. Gantt's younger sister, F.C. Terrell. After Gantt stayed Friday night, police tracked down Terrell to his home at 28 East Linden St. He gave conflicting accounts of his movements.

The police later concluded that they were heading in the right direction. Gantt was arrested Monday morning on a warrant for Mary Phagan's murder. He was transported to Atlanta and reunited with Lee and Mullinax at the train station when he disembarked at Marietta. Gantt was candid about his experience, admitting that he had been fired from his factory job a few weeks earlier. He then returned on Saturday to retrieve the shoes he had left behind, explaining that his trip to Marietta at that unfortunate hour was merely the carrying out of a plan he had made with his mother a few days earlier.

The morning after his arrest, Gantt filed a writ of habeas corpus, seeking to have him released from custody. However, he and Mullinax were released before they could implement this. After each person's testimony was given during a forensic examination on May 1, their alibis were clearly established. Mullinax's release was made possible primarily by his fiancee, Pearl Robinson, who came forward to testify that she was the girl Sentell had been seeing with him.

Later in the trial, Gantt was called as a witness and Mullinax was not even called as a witness because he knew so little about the case. In the days following the murder, many rumors circulated that Gantt and Mullinax were the only two men the police had to investigate, deny or confirm.

The girl in red, who claimed to know about a murder she witnessed in Marietta, was rumored to have been drugged and taken away in a car early Saturday morning. Due to rumors and hearsay, he had many friends in the police. One of the smallest of these led to the arrest of Paul Bowen, a former Atlanta resident who knew Mary Phagan from as far away as Houston, Texas.

On May 7, the day after his arrest, Bowen was able to provide an alibi without having to return to Atlanta.

It is interesting to note that Bowen's arrest was used as the basis for firing half of Houston's detectives due to the favorable political climate of the city at the time.

Police received a boost Monday following the murders when it was revealed that local Pinkerton detectives had been hired by the pencil factory authorities to help find the killer.

As of Monday, April 28, there have been many rumors that there has been no real progress in the Phagan case.

The coroner's jury intervened in the inquest and met with Coroner Paul Donahue in the morning in the metal room of the pencil factory. After examining the body and the scene, the case was immediately closed.

The most notable discovery of the day was a bloodstain on the metal floor of the room, leading investigators to believe that Phagan had killed his daughter and dragged her body there, and not in the basement as he had originally believed. The death of the little girl and how it happened has been the subject of many theories, and among them there was only one theory.

So the drama ended on Monday, April 28, when the men were still arrested later and all three suspects, Lee, Gant and Mullinax, were behind bars. Within 24 hours, one of them is arrested.

08 Chapter IV Mother Hears of Murder - Leo Frank Case 1913
Leo Frank
19 Views · 8 months ago

⁣Memorial Day was dark, foggy and overcast, and eyewitnesses spoke of Mary's actions on the last Saturday of her life. I was on vacation. For a few weeks, he was the first to have a small plant girl who worked hard for the sun. After dinner, he went to the city and was twenty to the plant, and then saw the rest of the days with the Pahstré street. At noon he ate a quick meal of cabbage and crackers and left the house, never to be seen again.

At noon he arrived in the city by tram. In the car was George Epps, a freckled, sharp-eyed newsman. He lived close to Mary and was always her favorite. Before parting, Mary arranged to meet her little friend at 1 a.m. and sit with them in the car while the boys walked down the gray road to Marietta and Forsyth streets, a short distance from the factory. George Epps reported that Mary got out of her car and drove down Forsyth Street, claiming she was on her way to the factory. At 12:30 p.m., the vehicle was scheduled to arrive at the intersection of Wider Marietta Street, one block from its previous location. me. When Mary failed to meet George Epps as promised, George Epps rushed to the Fagan home later that evening to find out why. Mary never came home to find her mother upset.

Ms Coleman, J.W. Mary's foster father, Coleman, went into town to see if he could find Mary where she and her friends went to the Bijou Theatre. Maryam's mother said to her husband, "Can't you find him there?" -He said. After he left. Arriving at the Bijou, Mr. Coleman waited for the performance to end and watched the people leave, but he never saw the young lady he was looking for.

When he returned home to 146 Lindsey St., he comforted his grieving mother, suggesting that Mary could visit her grandmother in Marietta. According to Ms. Coleman, she started doing this all the time. She probably just took her paycheck and decided to leave.

On Saturday, my mother was heartbroken, but she was able to calm all her outward fears. But all night she wondered where her little girl was. On Sunday morning, April 27, there was a call to the Fagan residence. The news of Maryam arrived at the doorstep and her mother's heart was known to her. The pale girl stood by the door with sad eyes, trying to say the terrible things she wanted to say. There was a neighbor named Helen Ferguson.

She started out as Mary. Mother Heart told the story. But she died.

Crying, she undressed all the way down. Yes, dead. Far away.

The girl cried and cried a lot. Other members of the house rushed to the door. Mom passed out and was resting on the couch at home. She lay there for days, unable to speak except to plead piteously for her young daughter. This news once reached the Fagan family. Seed.

Coleman rushed to the village to see the body of the little child who had become more precious to him than his daughter. His assistant, Will Geesling, a Bloomfield undertaker, showed him the body, and the old man positively identified it. I was one of many people who examined the body that day and then I became curious.

The conditions that prompted hundreds of people to stare at the empty walls of a pencil factory and then gather for hours outside the courtroom where the trial was being held also prompted thousands to look at the body of a girl who had been brutally and mysteriously murdered. . The largest crowd to view the body of Mary Fagan has ever been seen in the history of the city of Atlanta. 20,000 people viewed the remains while in the building and hundreds more during the funeral in Marietta. The funeral took place on Tuesday afternoon. But before that, doctors examined Mary Fagan's body, but their findings were kept secret until the trial. On the afternoon of Tuesday, April 29, the little girl's body was laid to rest in an old family cemetery in Marietta, Georgia, about 20 miles from Atlanta, as relatives and friends stood and wept.

Ddoctor H.F. Harris from the The California Board of Health ordered the body exhumed on May 7 for a detailed examination of the stomach and other vital organs. He was known only as the state's attorney until he testified at trial nearly three months later.

07 Chapter III Frank Views Body Leo Frank Case 1913 February 2022
Leo Frank
12 Views · 8 months ago

⁣Frank sees the body at 5 o'clock on a quiet Saturday morning. Police are hunting the man who killed a young woman in the factory. Upon arrest, Newt Lee was taken to the police station, where the dead boy was identified. While officers were still at the pencil factory, Deputy Rogers said he knew a girl who worked there and could identify the murdered boy through her. He called her his sister-in-law. Grace Hicks lived at 100 McDonough Road. Rogers decided to find both his device and her. He returned with Miss Hicks before dawn and took her to A.J.P.'s mortuary. The body was taken to Bloomfield. Grace Hicks was there examining the mutilated corpse. A young girl is operating the car next to me.

With these last words she exclaimed, "She is Mary Phagan." Meanwhile, other police and investigative agencies are actively working at the scene. I arrive around 5:30 in the morning. At his home at 68 East Georgia Avenue, Frank received a call from Detective Stars informing him of what had happened at the factory and promising to call him by car. Rogers and Detective John Black went to the Frank residence shortly after dawn.

Ms Frank opened the door for them and her husband stepped out. Frank asked them what happened to the pencil factory, but according to Black and Rogers' story, they told him to get his coat. Black later reported that Frank wore only a collar and tie, was very nervous, and was constantly rubbing his hands.

Roger's car was heading into town with the three of them in tow.

During the trip, Black asked Frank to meet a girl named Mary Phagan. The inspector general seems to have responded with a promise to check factory wages. Black informed Frank of his decision at this point.

As the three drove to the funeral home, they examined Mary Phagan's body. When Frank asked him if he knew him, he said he thought he did and would check with the factory. The three men left the horse on their way to the factory at dawn.

As news of the murder spread throughout the village, a small group of men waited outside the factory gates.

H was one of them. ARE YOU COMING?

Before leaving home, Frank asked his wife to inform Darling, the factory foreman. Frank called the manager, who immediately led the boss up the stairs to Frank's office. The man left. Opening the safe and pulling out a blank register, the chief inspector scanned the rows of names until he came upon the name of Mary Phagan.

He looked up from the page. Yes, Freak replied.

According to Roger's story, he came yesterday to collect his salary. I think the stenographer left for lunch.

The clerk left a few minutes later and returned to collect his wages. I was there at 12:15. Frank wiped his hands and quickly moved away from the book, asking if any evidence of the payment envelope had been found at the factory. It was nobody. Look at the place where the girl's body was found, another request from the inspector. The director, chief inspector and officers took the elevator up to the base.

Initially, Frank approached the control box next to the elevator and told the officers that he locked the elevator, unlocked it, started the car and the elevator began to descend. Frank was so nervous that he didn't notice that the elevator cable was caught. Darley walked over to him and helped him free.

After seeing the basement where the body was found, the group went upstairs again. "Newt Lee has only been with us a short time, but Darley has known him for a long time," says Frank. Darley is one of those who could make the most of her. As we were walking back to the first floor, someone suggested that we all go to the station building. Frank then turned to Darley and said, "I think it would be a good idea to buy another slider for the clock." Boots Rogers' later testimony best explains what happened next.

When young Mary Phagan was found dead, Frank said, "I'm sorry," but said little about the murder.

According to Rogers, when Frank discussed the new time sheet with Darley, the principal agreed with him.

According to Rogers, Frank took out the timetable, opened the lock on the right door and took a key out of his pocket.

After examining the slip, he declared it a very good fit. Mr. Lee was standing next to him with his hands tied.

Dali was also there. Frank placed it on the table, went to his desk, made sure it was entered correctly, and returned with a blank sheet of paper.

While the office was buying a new watch, a few of us looked at the notes written on it. Frank asked a few of us to help him while I held the lever while applying the new slip. When he asks Lee why he is there, Frank discovers a pencil in one of the holes. The black man said he left the pencil there to make sure he made the hole correctly without making any mistakes. Frank opened his watch and signed the margin of the bill on April 26, 1913. Then he folded the bulletin and took it into the inner office.

When I looked at the slide, I only saw the first two shots. Especially the numbers 1 and 633. All he saw was jumping. He figured if there was a gap in the factory he would notice. He was still in Rogers' car. That Sunday morning was very hard. Frank and the officers headed to the police station. Darley sat in the front with Rogers and Lee in the back and Detective Black in the middle. Frank was sitting on Darley's lap. He was shaking violently, Dali stated.

According to the report, Frank panicked in his car at the police station and rushed into the coroner's office, speaking in a fast, casual manner. Frank informed them during a conversation at J's detective's office when J visited the factory on Saturday morning. A young man named Gant, who had just left the factory, returned that afternoon to retrieve the shoes he had left behind.

Frank informed the detectives that Gant had been having an affair with Mary Phagan. This statement led the detectives to search for Gant, who searched for several suspects, and mute Lee Franke was arrested at the station for being in the house. The first day of the famous Mary Phagan case is over.

On a quiet Saturday, people walking up and down Forsyth Street were content just to look at the building where a black man had been murdered. Officers monitored everyone coming and going, but ordinary people were not allowed anywhere in the factory. Mary Phagan walked out of her tiny Bellwood home on Saturday safe but heartbroken.

Chapter 2 Censored
Leo Frank
13 Views · 8 months ago

⁣The bell that signaled Newt Lee's departure for the factory tour also rang the moment three Atlanta Police Department officers were released from night duty. It was a typical night for police reporters. The office's large printing press churned out pages of printed material to keep the town busy until breakfast and the start of Sunday service, but quiet nights made for tiring nights, which meant happy times.

"Until tomorrow", they screamed and stumbled down the stone steps of the station building. "dear boys, good night". They gathered in the streets of Decatur in the evening mist, surrounded by the cheerful, smiling black people who surrounded them that day. The smell of fried fish and hot dogs is the only thing that stands out among the crowds that once filled the streets from sidewalk to sidewalk. A man asked, "Where's Brett?" he asked.

I think Boots was crying in Rogers' car. someone else commented and we both laughed. Accordingly, the third reporter remained in the car, and the police returned to their places in the station building and spent the remaining time until dawn. A thin ray of light appeared on the misty eastern horizon. The street lights glowed blue and the station clock ticked slowly toward 3 o'clock. That evening, a police officer arrested on suspicion of disorderly conduct heard immigrants muttering somewhere in a cell behind the station. He screamed and moaned all night and she howled like a raccoon, exhausted.

"The boss." An elderly man standing by the door grumbled. His chevron sign meant he was in charge of the department. The sergeant sighed and staggered, waving the keys and saying, "Make sure he shuts up." Deputy Boots was about to begin another deposition in the Grace case when Rogers' phone rang. Okay, Officer V said. Anderson. Who's calling me at this time of night? He stood up slowly, walked over to the phone booth door and opened it. The team glanced at him before sitting down. please come with me It was a box that said Hello. said. It's actually a police station.

You must speak slowly, old man. You confuse me. Then he heard a black man crouching in the shadows of a pencil factory a few blocks away, speaking in the trembling voice of the dead girl found in the basement of the National Pencil Factory on Forsyth Street. When Officer Anderson came out of the phone booth with the news, the sleeping officers were on their feet less than a minute before the emergency. "My car is in front." cried Rogers. We come together.

A moment later he was standing in the doorway, followed by Anderson. Together they jumped into the car and drove down the quiet street, chasing other police officers behind the dust and flashing red lights and waking up a sleeping reporter. At the corner of Prior and Decatur streets, two men noticed a car approaching them. The officers were Dobbs and Brown. The car started shaking. Now enter.

cried Rogers. Not long after, a large car was driving down Marietta Street when it turned toward a black pile known as the National Pencil Company and stopped. Four people got out of the car. Officer Anderson knocked on the door with a clenched fist and everyone gasped with excitement. Quiet footsteps were heard inside. Newt Lee's horrified face looked up at them as the lock shook furiously.

Teeth chatter and the whites of the eyes roll. They shot him and entered the dark gates of the factory. Lee led the way, followed by Anderson. Before he could say anything, the officers asked, "Where's the body?" He was surprised. They shot him. The boys marched single file to the hook, each holding a revolver in his fist.

Newt Lee pointed to an object in the corner with a worried look and led the group into the shadows, up the stairs. That's it, he muttered. The officers knelt down and looked at the girl's horribly mutilated body. He was sitting motionless among the sawdust, his legs bent behind his right side and his head turned forward. The face is facing the wall, unkempt and bruised with dirt. The men knelt down to take a closer look, and as they did so the severity of their injuries became clear.

They confirmed that the white man's hair had been pulled out and he was covered in blood after an aggressive blow to the back of the head. Her lavender silk dress was stained with blood, and the blue ribbon she had so carelessly tied a few hours ago was now dirty and withered. The little white slipper still hung from his right foot. Around my neck was a thick wire that penetrated deep into my skin.

Rough fabric torn from his shirt wrapped around his head. They returned the body. My pants are torn. The stocking holder is broken. White socks fell to my knees. "Oh my God, he's just a kid." Sergeant Brown said, throwing his head back.

Sergeant Dobbs looked around the basement as they stood. He found the girl's other slippers nearby. His thin hat lay by the elevator shaft. Then he discovered something. When he turned to the candlestick, he was holding two dirty yellow pieces of paper with ugly writing on them. The police read the note.

She said she was going to kiss me and lay down like a night witch. But the tall, thin black man did it all by himself. Here's another reader's mom who hired a black person. When I went to draw water, he pushed me out of this hole. I am writing this while walking with a tall handsome black man. There were already doubts in the minds of the white people attending, wondering what it was and what it meant, and the black man turned to Lee and forced the writer of this note to do this terrible thing.

Anderson suddenly walked up to the security guard and placed a rough hand on his shoulder. You did it, he said. Please, I didn't do that. The white men handcuffed Anderson seconds later, and Newt Lee was arrested on suspicion of murder.

The Frank Case, Atlanta 1913
Leo Frank
15 Views · 8 months ago

⁣Three men from the Atlanta Police Department rescued Newt Lee from the night shift by giving the watch a tour of the factory building. It was a typical night for police reporters. Restful nights make tiring nights, but welcome hours mean the big office presses churn out paper to help pass the time for the villagers before breakfast and Sunday services begin.

Good night, boss. They ran up the stone steps of the station building, screaming. Good night. They gathered on the streets of Decatur in the evening fog, filled with the cheerful, smiling black people who surrounded them that day. The stench of hot dogs and fried fish was all that remained of the crowds that once filled the streets from sidewalk to sidewalk. One person said: "Where's Britt at?" he asked. Another person replied: "I think they took Boots Rogers' car," making the pair laugh. Accordingly, the second reporter remained in the car and returned to the officer's place in the station building to continue reporting until dawn. A thin line of light appeared on the smoky eastern horizon.

The station clock read 3 o'clock as the street lights glowed blue. That evening, the officer charged with disorderly conduct heard someone crying somewhere in a cell behind the station. She screamed and cried all night and those painful cries were only because she was exhausted. At the door, an old man with a chevron hat indicating he was in charge of the department called out, "Sergeant." "Make sure he keeps his mouth shut," said the sergeant, sighing and swaying, waving the keys. Deputy Boots was about to begin another crack at the Grace case when Rogers' phone rang.

"That's great." Officer ⁣W.T. Anderson said. Curious to know who was ringing the doorbell at this time of night, I sleepily walked over to the public phone booth door and opened it. His fellow officers looked at him before taking their seats. Mom, come. "Hello" came from the booth. Yes, the police station is here. Please speak slowly, senior. You confuse me. Then he heard from a black man who stood anxiously in the shade of a pencil factory a few blocks away that a dead girl had been found in the basement of the National Pencil Factory on Forsyth Street. When Officer Anderson, who had been awakened by an emergency, came out of the public phone booth with the news, the sleeping police jumped to their feet. "My car is in front." cried Rogers. We come together. A moment later he was standing in the doorway, followed by Anderson. They jumped into the car together and woke up a sleeping reporter, and the three stood on the side of the road, spraying water and covering the floor as other policemen left a trail behind the dust and flashing red lights.

As the car approached, two men were seen at the corner of Prior and Decatur streets. The officers were Brown and Dobbs. The car started shaking and all cried. Rogers, and the big car barely swayed toward Marietta Street, then swerved forward and came to a screeching halt in a black pile of what he recognized as the National Pencil Company. Four people got out of the car.

Officer Anderson pounded on the door and everyone gasped with excitement. Quiet footsteps were heard inside. Newt Lee's horrified face looked up at them as the lock shook furiously. Teeth chatter and the whites of the eyes roll. They shot him and entered the dark gates of the factory. Lee was in the lead, followed by Anderson. Before either officer could say anything, "Horrible picture," "Where's the body?" he believed. One by one the men moved towards the hook, clutching their revolvers tightly. Newt Lee pointed to an object in the corner with a worried look and led the group into the shadows, up the stairs. he grumbled. "This is. The officers knelt down and examined the girl's horribly mutilated body.

He stood motionless in the sawdust, his legs crossed and his head turned forward. The face is facing the wall, unkempt and bruised with dirt. The men knelt down to take a closer look, and as they did so the severity of their injuries became clear. They confirmed that the young white woman's hair had been pulled out and she was covered in blood after an aggressive blow to the back of the head. The little white slipper still hung from her right foot, and the blue ribbon she had casually tied a few hours ago was now faded and dirty. The lavender silk dress was stained with blood. A thick cord with deep holes in the leather wraps around the neck. Rough fabric torn from his shirt wrapped around his head. The body is upside down. My pants are torn.

The stocking holder is broken. The white stockings hung down to my knees by themselves. "Oh my God, he's just a kid." Sergeant Brown said, throwing his head back. Sergeant Dobbs looked around the basement as they stood. He found the girl's other slippers nearby. His thin hat is near the elevator shaft.

Then he discovered something. When he turned to the candlestick, he was holding two dirty yellow pieces of paper with ugly writing on them. Officers reviewed the records. She said she loved me and lay down like a night witch. But the tall, thin black man did it alone. Another reader here who hired a black person had a mother who did.

When I went to draw water, he pushed me out of this hole. Black black tall, tall, awake. He was black, tall and thin. While my friends play, I write. The moment of doubt that any white person would have turned to Mr. Lee, a black man. What was that? What does it mean? Did the author of this post commit this heinous act? Anderson suddenly turns to guard and throws a rough hand on his shoulder. He said, "Hey, you did it." I didn't do it because of God. Moments later, white men saw Anderson cuffing Newt Lee's wrists and arrested him for the murder.

The Leo Frank Case 1913 Part V Chapter 1 Crime First Discovered
Leo Frank
6 Views · 8 months ago

⁣He was scheduled to complete the circumnavigation at 2:30 a.m. Saturday, April 27, 1913. It was cold on the second floor of the National Pencil Factory, so Newt warmed himself by rubbing the dusty lantern with his black palm. glass surface. The shadows in the corner danced and approached him.

In the light of the lamp the face of the grandiose chatterbox that had to be played once every 30 minutes was revealed. To put it simply, Newt walked around an abandoned factory building, punched the air, and then sat down again to rest. He also looked tired and needed rest. Yes, he admitted, a little wearily. Newt began to descend the stairs to the first floor when darkness engulfed him from behind, only the narrow passage lit by the stairs leading down. At that exact moment and place, other people wouldn't have been stunned, but they would have felt a shiver run down their spine.

He was in the same place every night for months, witnessing the same shadows flickering on the bare walls and the ghostly marks left by the lantern on the stairs. But he was tired tonight, even though Mr. Frank, the factory manager, had given him most of the afternoon off.

He grumbled as he descended the stairs and began scanning the empty first floor with his flashlight. Nutri spent many lonely nights as I taught him the value of quiet conversation and adequate sleep. At 3 o'clock this is the reason of the gentleman.

Frank muttered to himself. “Frank said today was a holiday and he wanted to get rid of his fur. His first instructions were to go out and have fun and not come back until 6 p.m. This is a great time. I spent the night at home instead of exploring the city. I'm not sure of Mr. Frank's current condition, but when I called him to come with Mr. Frank, he stood there rubbing his hands and seemed nervous to me today.

Gant became concerned that the man had stolen something, so he went to get the shoes. Black people don't steal anything. At least not black people. At this point, Newt completed a brief inspection of the first floor. There were no sad, busy workers, no men holding pencils, no factory girls bent over machines as if it were daylight. The cars sat shiny and still.

For the Night's Watch, that meant simple safety, and Newt still loved them for their silence. He had to climb another floor to finish it. The basement is the second darkest level. Always stupid, always bad. Above the hole he opened the hatch. A faint light appeared.

Gas flow burned as usual but decreased. "That's pretty low." Newt grumbled. It's an order, an order. Newt was pregnant. And the purchase of this light was always made under the direction of Mr. Frank. He looked up the stairs in the bright light. He climbed each step, his feet firmly planted, his lamp swinging its light, piercing the pale cellar light with a faint glow, adding darkness and stillness. His feet touched the bottom step.

He was lying in the basement. The lamp radiated yellow light in every corner. That's great. All is well. But wait until there is a pile of sawdust near the cauldron. Newt took three steps forward and stood still.

The pile of clothes was lit by a burning light that Newt had never seen before. His pulse quickened. He could hear the heartbeat. He tried his best to hear other sounds with his ears. But outside the sleeping city all was as quiet as the grave. The only sound was his beating heart. As the silence fell upon him and engulfed him, the black man experienced for the first time in his life a fatal and painful fear.

He tried to break it. He swallowed something in his throat and tried to smile. Joe, he muttered loudly, trying to scare me with a holiday joke. In the silence, his voice was harsh and irritated. "Just a little joke," he grumbled. After a while, his voice became quiet.

After stepping forward and tapping the flashlight again, Muttley staggered back. In a pack, she ran up the stairs, crying as the sight froze her blood like a dam of ice. It wasn't a joke, it wasn't a seasonal joke, it was just something next to the kettle. No blood was added to the joke. The joke had no hair, piercing eyes and a bruised and scarred face.

Leo Frank Trial - Frank Arthur Hooper Closing Arguments
Leo Frank
15 Views · 1 year ago

⁣On August 20, 1913, in front of the jury in the Fulton County superior court, Mr.Frank Arthur Hooper made his last statement on behalf of the State of Georgia. Hooper emphasized that it is up to the jury to determine guilt beyond a reasonable doubt and solely on the basis of the evidence that was put forth to them. The law is powerful enough to reach the highest position and bring the guilty down, as well as powerful enough to delve into the lowest level and bring the lowest to the highest, he further emphasized.

Furthermore, he emphasized that the prosecution is only seeking the truth—the whole truth—as required by the prosecution, not just any truth. Hooper also emphasized that the law is powerful enough to drag those who have broken the law down from the highest positions and up to the lowest. The factory was managed by Sig Montague as its boss, Frank as its superintendent, and Mr. Darley and Mr. Schiff as their assistants, according to this text's most crucial information. There are numerous accounts of his character from female factory workers that the defense has presented, but there are also tales of girls who left the factory as a result of his behavior.

When the first witness took the stand, the defense immediately revealed their strategies, outlining their goals in detail and even going so far as to present the evidence. The defense has revealed their strategies with the first witnesses called to testify, laying out their goals up front and even going so far as to present the evidence. The law is an odd thing. The legal process that could be used to sort the matter out is what's most crucial in this audiobook.

This character question, on the other hand, was one into which the defense, on the other hand, were allowed to let down the bars and walk in. It is argued that if 50 men were asked about the character of a certain place or man, and 25 or more say it is good, while as few as ten say it is bad, what is the character of that place or man? Dalton, who seems to have changed into a respectable man, and Frank had teamed up for a nightly meeting. This suggests that Dalton was not the kind of person needed by a dual personality like the one that existed in Frank. We all have two personalities, and when the evil one dominates, the person is bad, and vice versa.

According to numerous credible witnesses, Dalton appears to have triumphed over this bad and is now doing well. Frank is the manager of a factory that Mary Phagan is in charge of. He insists that he doesn't know Mary, but he frequently makes a stop at her workplace to assist her with her work. He pursues her off the beaten path, telling her about his superiority and enticing and convincing her. Every time he crosses the floor, he also glares lustfully at her. Jim Gantt, a friend of Mary's, serves as the first sign of his attitude toward his victim. Frank, who knew Mary and had his eye on her, asks Gantt, "You're pretty thick with Mary, aren't you?". Gantt must go, but Frank doesn't know how to do it. ⁣

The most significant information in this audio segment is that Jim Conley was the only man on either floor in the factory who knew Mary Phagan and who would raise a hand to protect her.⁣ Since Gantt was the only man on either floor who knew Mary Phagan and would defend her, he made plans to get rid of him. ⁣ Jim Conley, who was comparable to Stone Mountain to some nearby highways, was the target of the defense's entire offensive strategy. After three and a half days, Rosser quizzed Negro on every topic he could think of. He quickly typed his answers onto the typewriter from the stenographer's notes, but they read like water being poured onto a mill wheel. His answers were hurried from the stenographer's notes and transcribed on typewriter, but it was like water poured onto a mill wheel.

⁣All the intelligence and creativity in this town, this state, and the entire world combined couldn't compare to the truth. Once everything was said and done, they had no choice but to sit and let Jim tell it like it was. These two facts—that Jim Conley was a serial liar and that he returned that Saturday morning on Frank, his boss's orders—are the most crucial ones in this recorded transcript. Jim mentions keeping an eye out for these people after hearing that other people have seen women enter the factory at suspicious times with men.

The truth often comes out at the very last second, at the eleventh hour, thanks to Providence. The truth was stronger than all the brains and ingenuity that can be collected in this whole town, this state, the world. When all was through, they were forced to sit and leave Jim's truth unscathed. The most important details in this text are that Jim Conley was a big liar, and that he came back that Saturday morning by order of his boss, Frank. Other people have seen women enter the factory with men at suspicious hours, and Jim tells of watching for these folks. Providence has a way of revealing the truth at the final minute, at the 11th hour.

At the noon, Mary Phagan was murdered, and Jim Conley was seen sitting on the first floor near the door where he watched for Frank. Mrs. White saw a Negro in the position Jim tells us he was in. They say he was drunk, but he clearly recited incidents and told the names of people he saw at The Times. This brings us up to the time of the tragedy. Jim Conley and Frank are still in the building, and Frank knows that Mary Phagan was coming that day.

⁣In violation of a plant policy, Mary's friend Helen Ferguson had called Frank the day before asking for Mary's pay and received the response that Mary Phagan should come pick up her own pay. While everything is happening, Jim just watches. Mary Phagan, who is lovely and innocent, shows up at last. She is wearing a blue dress, a new hat, and a ribbon in her hair. Frank claims that Monteen Stover, another young girl, was present when he was there from 12:00 to 01:00. From 12:00 until after, he remained in his office without ever realizing Monteen was there.

One stayed in Montana for five minutes without leaving. Leo Frank's virtual murder confession was summed up by Frank Arthur Hooper in one phrase. Leo Frank acknowledged that he may have left the room and gone somewhere else in the building, but he couldn't exactly recall. Jim Conley, who was obediently sitting downstairs, heard steps leading toward the middle room and then steps following. Leo stamped a signal on the floor of the office as the pursuer's footsteps cautiously retreated from the metal room. Jim Conley overheard a scream that sounded like a laugh that had been severed and turned into a shriek. Frank hadn't realized that using force would be necessary to achieve his goal. He was supposed to arrive on signal, but that scream was not a signal. Frank would later stomp on the office floor. The black man testifies before the jury that the white man killed the young girl while Frank was working on his financial sheet in his office according to the defense.

⁣The diagram illustrating the proximity of the metal room to Frank's office lends credence to Mr. Hooper's theory that nothing could have occurred on the floor without Frank hearing or observing it. When the murder was finished, two men and a woman upstairs had to leave the building before the body was moved. They needed to leave because Frank was about to lock up the factory, so he went upstairs and told them that. This demonstrates his appreciation for a young girl of 14 who had come to draw her pay editor's note, as Frank was doing when Mrs. Arthur White arrived, as he was writing at his desk while still wearing the sleeves of his shirt, "Why should I hang.".

Then, Frank assures Jim that he will look after him and write a letter to his mother so she can assist him. The most crucial information in this passage concerns Frank's intelligence and Jim's lack of it, as well as his expectation that Jim Conley and Newt Lee will show up at the pencil factory to burn Little Mary's body. Frank is anticipating the arrival of Jim Conley and Newt Lee at the pencil factory; the outcome would depend on which one arrives first and decides how the body will be handled if Jim arrived first. It is implied that this is the only time clever Frank has ever lost his head. When the defendant pondered which army would arrive first and knew that the answer would determine whether or not his side would win the Battle of Waterloo, he was in Napoleon's position. That afternoon, Newt Lee arrived at the pencil factory, but Jim Conley wasn't there.

Jim might still show up and burn the body as agreed upon, so he sent Newt on his way in the vain hope that he would. After waiting for two hours for Jim Conley, Newt returned and spoke with him about the previous night's work. The defendant came across an elderly, long-legged Gantt who was searching for his shoes as he left the factory. According to witnesses, the defendant reacted startledly when he saw Gantt and jumped back.

Gantt was fired by Frank after a dispute over who would pay the nominal fee of $1, when Frank had called him to discuss setting up a wedding. He didn't believe Gantt stole that meager dollar; instead, he anticipated that he would inquire as to Mary Phagan's whereabouts. ⁣When the defendant saw Gantt, he recoiled. Gantt informed the defendant that he had left a pair of shoes at the factory and had come to retrieve them. The defendant believed he had seen a ninja removing Gantt's shoes from the structure. There were two pairs of shoes in there, according to Gantt, and perhaps one pair wasn't swept out. The accused consented to let Gantt inside but insisted that he be guarded like a thief. Just as he claimed, Gantt found both pairs of shoes. He phoned the factory after letting Gantt in to see if he had left and if anyone had noticed after Gantt entered. When he realized Gantt had left safely and everything was fine, he felt fine and relieved. The fact that Newt Lee discovered Mary Phagan's body and called the police is the most crucial information in this passage. When he mentioned it in court, Detective Starnes was confused, but he never forgot it.

Frank expressed anxiety as he was being led to the morgue and claimed he believed the victim was a girl he had paid off the day before. He was tense as a cat that morning and offered no solace. Having spent weeks in the courtroom, Detective Starnes is tense. He claimed he believed it was a girl he saw and spoke to every day while trembling like a cat that morning. The events leading up to Newt Lee's arrest are the most crucial details in this section of the audiobook. He reasoned that he needed to look at the time slip when he was taken to the basement and brought back upstairs. Others agreed with him after he examined the slip and claimed it had been punched correctly. When police officer Black arrived at Newt Lee's house, he discovered a bloody shirt at the bottom of the storage container, surrounded by a lot of other items. Police Officer Black visited Newt Lee's house because he had some unfounded suspicions, and there he discovered a bloody shirt at the bottom of a barrel with numerous items piled on top of it. Newt Lee is free and is not under suspicion.

It had to be planted; it was planted, the bloody shirt. The two jury-made suggestions are the two most significant details in this text. The first is that Newt Lee had to be the target of suspicion if he was to be used as the scapegoat. The second is that Frank didn't try to fix it on Jim Conley when he was discovered washing a shirt before the trial. The third is that cunning Pinkerton investigators discovered a large bloody stick and a piece of an envelope. Conley refused when asked if Mincy had admitted to him that he was the person who killed the girl, which brings us to our fourth point. Fifth, Frank would be freed if Conley could persuade the jury that Jim confessed to him about the murder. ⁣The only belief required of the jurors, according to the speaker, is equivalent to the belief they would hold if they were out in public or at home. In the jury room, they are expected to behave naturally and rationally. The speaker wants to use up less of their time because this testimony has been lengthy.

Leo Frank Trial - Week Four
Leo Frank
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⁣After Leo Frank gave an untruthful statement to the court, the defense called several women who claimed that they had never received any inappropriate sexual advances from Frank. A number of strong female witnesses from the prosecution's side, however, contradicted that testimony. These opposing witnesses also disputed Frank's assertions that he was so unfamiliar with Mary Phagan that he did not even recognize her name. Leo Frank's friends, business partners, and employees testified on his behalf in the defense, stating that he had a good reputation and had not, to their knowledge, made inappropriate sexual advances toward the girls and women who worked for him.

Mrs. Annie Osborne, Mrs. Rebecca Carson, Mrs. Maud Wright, and Mrs. Ella Thomas all testified that they worked for the National Pencil Company and that Mr. Frank generally had a good character while Conley generally lacked truthfulness and veracity. Cora Cowan, Mrs. Molly Blair, and Ethel Stewart. All of the defendant's witnesses—B.D. Smith, Lizzie Word, Bessie White, Grace Atherton, and Mrs. Barnes—proved that they worked for the National Pencil Company, knew Leo M. Frank, and thought well of him in general.

⁣Miss Corinthia Hall, Annie Howell, Lillie M. Goodman, Velma Hayes, Jennie Mayfield, Ida Holmes, Willie Hatchett, Mary Hatchett, Minnie Smith, Marjorie McCord, Lena McMurty, Mrs. R. Johnson, Mrs. S. A. O. Wilson, Mrs. Georgia Denham, Mrs. O. Jones, Miss Zilla Spivey, Charles Lee, N.V. Darley, F. Ziganki together with A.C. Holloway and Minnie Foster all claimed that Leo M. Frank was a person of good character, who were all sworn witnesses for the defendant and who all worked for the National Pencil Company. Leo Frank never made any sexual advances toward any of the current National Pencil Company employees, according to numerous witnesses.

The other signatories were D.I. MacIntyre, Alex Dittler, Dr. B. Wildauer, Mrs. Dan Klein, and Ms. E. Sommerfield, F.G. Schiff, Joseph Gershon AL. Guthman; P.D. McCarley, Ms. M.W. Meyer, Mrs. David Marx, Mrs. I. Harris, M.S. Rice, L.H. Moss, Mrs. L.H. Joseph Brown, E. Moss, Mrs. E. Fitzpatrick, Emil Dittler, and W.M. Bauer, Miss Hellen Loeb, A.L. Fox, Mrs. Martin May, Julian V. Boehm, Mrs. Mollie Rosenberg, M.H. Silvermans, Mrs. L. Sterne, Chas Adeler, Mrs. Ray Klein, Miss R.A. Sonn, A.J. Jones, L. Einstein, J. Bernald, J. Fox, Marcus Loeb, Fred Heilbron, Milton Klein, Jonathan Coplan, and Mrs. J.E. Sommerfield. Leo M. Frank has lived in Atlanta all of his life, and according to Sommerfield, who were all sworn witnesses for the defendant, they have known him since that time. They also attested to his generally good character and that ⁣Leo Frank never made any sexual advances toward any of the current National Pencil Company employees, according to many of them who testified.

Mrs. M.W. Carson, Mary Pirk, Mrs. Dora Small, Miss Julia Fuss all testified positively on behalf of Leo Frank, He is a good person in general, according to R.P. Butler and Joe Stelker, both of whom were sworn witnesses for the defendant and who all stated that they worked for the National Pencil Company.

In their testimony, they further stated that they had never accompanied him for any immoral activities and that they had never heard of him breaking any laws. Maggie Griffin, Mrs. C. Duncan, and Mrs. Myrtie Cato were among the witnesses called by the prosecution. Mrs. Mary Davis, Miss Nelly Pettis, R. Johnson, Miss Marie Carst, Mrs. R. Mary, Mrs. E. Carrie Smith, Mrs. Estelle Winkle, and Mrs. Wallace. All of these witnesses confirmed that they worked for the National Pencil Company, knew Leo M. Frank, and thought well of him in general. The ten women who testified that Leo M. Frank had a "bad character for lasciviousness" were not chosen by the defense to be subjected to cross examination.

This limited the prosecution to the straightforward claims that Frank had a "bad character for lasciviousness.". At the coroner's inquest, where the rules of evidence allow for more lenient questioning, two of these witnesses gave much longer statements. During the inquest, several young women and girls testified that Frank had made inappropriate advances toward them, including touching a girl's breast and paying her to comply with his wishes.

According to The Atlanta Georgian, women and girls were called to the witness stand to confirm that Leo Frank had made an effort to get to know them and that they had either worked at or had occasion to visit the pencil factory. According to Nellie Pettis of Nine Oliver Street, Frank had made inappropriate advances toward her. When asked if she had ever worked at the pencil factory, she replied that she had seen him in his office occasionally while visiting the facility to collect her sister-in-law's paycheck. Frank looked at her after taking a box full of cash from his desk and giving it to her when she asked for her sister's pay. She immediately assured him that she was a nice girl. She told him to go to hell and walked out of Coroner Donohue's office after he sharply inquired, "Didn't she say anything else?". If accurate, Frank's actions in this regard were shocking.

⁣The two young girls' testimony, which describes Leo Frank's pattern of improper familiarities, contains the most crucial information in this text. Frank asked Nellie Wood, a young girl who worked for him for two days, to come into his office so he could put his hands on her breast, according to testimony she provided. Frank's pattern of inappropriate familiarities was also attested to by Miss Ruth Robinson, Ms. Ruth Robinson, Ms. Jones, and Ms. Miss Ruth Robinson testified that she had seen Frank discussing Mary Phagan's work with her and that she had never met him for any immoral purposes. Miss Mamie Kitchens testified that she had never met Mr. Frank for any immoral purposes, regardless of where or when they had met.

Miss Ruth Robinson testified that she had seen Frank discussing Mary Phagan's work with her and that she had never met him for any immoral purposes. The most crucial information in this passage is about Miss Dewey. In rebuttal, Hewell swore on behalf of the state and stated that she had spent four months working at the pencil factory before leaving in March 1913. She had observed Mr. Frank speaking to Mary Phagan in the metal department two or three times per day while placing his hand on her shoulder. Both Ms. Myrtice Cato and Miss Maggie Griffin, who had taken the oath on behalf of the state, testified that they had seen Miss Rebecca Carson enter the woman's dressing room on the fourth floor while Leo M. Frank was present two or three times while the two were at work.

J.E. Duffy admitted to working for the National Pencil Company and swearing for the state in rebuttal. In March of this year, the narrator suffered an injury while working in the National Pencil Company's metal department. Their left hand's forefingers were cut, so they went to the office to get it dressed. When they were initially cut, a large piece of cotton was wrapped around their finger, and a piece of cotton waste was slapped onto their hand.

Cross-examination showed that there was no blood anywhere besides at the machine. They went to the hospital in Atlanta to have their finger treated, and Willie Turner gave a rebuttal oath on behalf of the state. Mary Phagan informed Leo Frank that she had to leave for work when the narrator overheard them discussing March middle on the second floor. The most crucial information in this passage is when Mr. Frank informed Mary Phagan that he was the factory superintendent and that he wanted to speak with her; however, she responded that she had to go to work. While this was going on, some of the girls entered the room as they were getting ready for dinner and directed the narrator to where to put the pencils. She informed Mr. Frank that she had to leave for work because of the whistle at noon when he said he wanted to speak to her. The narrator didn't know anyone in the factory, according to a young man on the fourth floor who introduced himself as Mary Phagan.

⁣⁣Leo Frank's defense made an impression with their parade of young female pencil factory workers who had never heard Frank speak to Mary Phagan. Finding someone who had seen Leo Frank make dubious forays into the lady's dressing room, who had been sexually approached by Frank or had seen him approach others, and who had seen Frank speak to Mary Phagan, however, was enough to shatter the façade of a Leo Frank who didn't know Mary Phagan and whose behavior toward his female employees was above reproach.

The damage it caused to Leo Frank's credibility as a truthful person was the most detrimental of all. George Gordon, Minola McKnight's attorney, testified about the events of the night that Minola McKnight wrote her sensational affidavit asserting that Leo Frank had admitted to his wife that he wanted to die because he had killed a girl that day after a motorman named Merck claimed that defense witness Daisy Hopkins had a reputation for lying. Minola McKnight, a cook for the Franks, had since George Gordon, a practicing attorney, was present at the police station for a portion of the time Minola McKnight was giving her statement.

He spent the majority of the time waiting for her to sign the affidavit outside the door. When he saw the sonographer from the recorder's court enter the room, he demanded to be allowed to do so and was granted his request. While he was gone, Mr. Starnes said it had to be kept quiet and nobody told about it. He found Mr. February reading over to her a stenographic statement he had taken. Gordon subsequently requested that Mr. Dorsey release her at his office. Gordon went to Mr. Dorsey's office and informed him that she was being held against her will even though he had said he would let her go. He told Gordon he had done it. The most significant information in this passage is that the narrator received bond in any amount she requested and that the narrator agreed with her that they had no right to imprison her. Once he had a habeas corpus, the narrator went to the police station to have her released. The detectives told them they would not release her unless the narrator demanded that they do, and the narrator agreed that they had no right to imprison her. In order to get her released, the narrator then obtained a habeas corpus and went to the police station.

The narrator heard that a woman had been detained and was being held in a cell at the police station. These are the two most crucial facts in this text. Beaver stated that since the charge against her was mere suspicion, he would not release her on bond without Mr. Dorsey's approval. When the narrator asked Mr. Dorsey to release her on bond, he responded that he wouldn't because it would make him look bad in the eyes of the detectives. However, if the narrator allowed her to stay with Starnes and Campbell for a day, he would release her without any bond. According to the narrator, while it is occasionally necessary to obtain information, our liberty is more important than any information, and we consider it to be a violation of our Anglo-Saxon liberties when someone is locked up simply because they know something.

⁣The most crucial information in this passage is that Minola's lawyer, Mr. Dorsey, was present when she spoke about paying the cook, and that her husband, Albert McKnight, testified that the household's diagram was incorrect and did not depict the furniture in its proper locations. On April 26, the employers of Albert McKnight provided additional insight into Minola's statement because they had been present while she was being detained and even managed to coax her into speaking with them without the detectives being present.

These assertions supported Minola's affidavit and did not support her later denial of it. In rebuttal, R.L. Craven took the oath of the state. Albert McKnight also works for the same company as the hardware store where he had ties, Beck and Greg. In the latter part of May, he went to Minola McKnight's house with Mr. Pickett, and he was there when she signed the affidavit. She was first questioned about the statements Albert had made to them. She initially refused to speak, but eventually she spoke about everything that was stated in the affidavit. When they were questioning her, Mr. Starnes, Mr. Campbell, Mr. February, Mr. Pickett, Mr. Gordon, and Mr. Albert McKnight were present.

At the time of the 11:30 a.m. cross examination, she had been detained for 12 hours. One morning, the narrator went to Mr. Dorsey's office to see if they could help her get out of jail. She initially refuted it, but the narrator interrogated her for two hours. After a while of wondering why they didn't stay and free her, she finally said something in agreement with her husband, and the narrator left. Mr. Starnes and Mr. Campbell would be informed, according to Mr. Dorsey, who instructed the narrator to question her and go out and see her.

After some time wondering why they didn't stay and free her, the narrator left. The key information in this passage is that E.H. Minola McKnight, Albert McKnight, Starnes Campbell, Mr. Craven, and Mr. Gordon signed a document while Mr. Gordon and Beck and Greg employee Pickett was present. She initially denied everything when they questioned her about Albert's statement. She claimed that Albert had lied when he told Mrs. Frank and Mrs. Selig that she had been warned not to discuss the affair.

After a while, she started to back down from a few of her arguments and acknowledged that she had received a little more pay than was normally expected of her. Although initially she didn't tell us everything in that statement, there were many things she did not disclose. She appeared hysterical before starting to do it. We assured her that we had not come down to cause trouble for her but rather to rescue her. She consented to speak with us but refused to speak with the detectives. Following that, the detectives left the room.

⁣The most crucial information in this passage is that Minola McKnight was detained and accused of a crime. The detectives bombarded her with questions while admonishing her not to repeat anything she heard.
The affidavit contains nothing that she did not say during her initial conversation with them; she did not make all of those claims. She was initially told not to speak, and the Seligs had increased her pay as a result of whatever, if anything, she may have said about being given a hat by Mrs. Selig. With the detectives being cross-examined as to why they declined to take her statement, her attorney, Mr. Gordon, entered the room.

Mr. Dorsey referred them to the detectives to make arrangements as to why they didn't get her out then when she denied saying all of those things. The testimony of Dr. S.C. Benedict and a couple of streetcar motormen, such as J.H. Hendricks and J.C. McEwing - both being motormen for Georgia Railway and Electric Company contains the majority of the crucial information in this recording. Dr S.C. Benedict stated that Dr. Harris, the prosecution's lead medical expert, was the target of animosity on the part of one of the defense's medical experts. Additionally, several streetcar drivers claimed that the streetcars frequently arrived early, which tended to lessen the impact of the motormen's testimony that the defense called.

In the end, nobody seriously questioned the fact that Mary Phagan arrived at Leo Frank's office on April 26 in the afternoon, met her death in a matter of minutes, and then left. Before the scheduled arrival date of April 26, the English Avenue car carrying Matthews and Hollis arrived in town. In rebuttal, J.C. McEwing swore on behalf of the state.On April 26, he operated a streetcar between Marietta and Decatur Street. Hendricks' car was due there five minutes after the hour, Hollis and Matthews' car was due there seven minutes after the hour, English Avenue frequently cut off, White City car was due in town at twelve five minutes after the hour, and Cooper Street was due there seven minutes after the hour. The White City car is scheduled to arrive there prior to the English Avenue, five minutes after the hour, and seven minutes after the Cooper Street. In order to stop the Cooper Street car, the English Avenue car needed to arrive four to five minutes early.

On April 26, M.E. McCoy saw Mary Phagan in front of Cooledge's Place at 12 Forsyth Street and took the oath for the state in rebuttal. He headed straight down to Pencil Company, which is located south on Forsyth Street on the right side, after leaving the fork in the road at precisely 12:00. He took three or four minutes to get there, and when he arrived, he checked his watch to see what time it was. On April 26, in front of Cooledge's Place at 12 Forsyth Street, M.E. McCoy saw Mary Phagan and took oath for the state in rebuttal.

⁣The most significant information in this text is that on April 26 around noon, George Kendley, a railroad employee, saw Mary Phagan. She was in sight as he rode the front end of the Hapeville car, which was scheduled to arrive in town at noon. The time that George Kendley saw her is just an estimate, but he did mention seeing her the following day to a number of people. Since he told several people that he would see her the following day, Mary Phagan should have arrived in town around ten minutes after leaving her house at ten to twelve.

It is only a guess that he saw her at that time, and his car was scheduled to arrive in town at that time. By learning of the tragedy the following day, the narrator is reminded of seeing Miss Haas. They were not questioned, so they did not provide testimony at the coroner's inquest. Since the tragedy, they have stopped abusing and demonizing Frank and refraining from making themselves a nuisance by bringing up his name while driving. They have discussed it with Mr. Brent, but they haven't indicated that, should he be set free, they'd join a group to help lynch him. They have discussed it with Mr. Leach, but they have not indicated that they would join a group to help lynch him if he escaped. Henry Hoffman, a streetcar company inspector, and N. Kelly, a motorman for the Georgia Railway and Power Company, is both sworn for the state in rebuttal. The streetcar company's inspector is Henry Hoffman, while The Georgia Railway and Power Company employs N. Kelly as a motorman. When they cut off the Fair Street car, Henry Hoffman was on Matthews' car and alerted him to the fact that he was moving too quickly. On April 26, N. Kelly could see the English Avenue car driven by Matthews and Mr. Hollis arrive at the corner of Forsyth and Marietta Street about three minutes after twelve. Mary Phagan may have exited the English Avenue car, but she didn't turn around. She wasn't in the English Avenue car. The speaker boarded a car at Broad and Marietta, then circled Hunter Street. These are the most crucial details in this document. Since they didn't want to become involved in it, the speaker chose not to address itf or the state's counterargument, W.B. Owens swore. The Georgia Railway and Electric Company's White City line, on which the speaker rode, has an arrival time of 12:05, two minutes before the English Avenue car.

At 12:55 on April 26, they arrived in town. After April 26, the speaker has noticed that the English Avenue car often arrives a minute or two before them. Defending the state was conductor on the English Avenue line Louis Ingram. He has repeatedly observed the car arrive early while working as a conductor on the English Avenue line. The most significant information in this text is that W. M. Matthews, the motorman and both W.C. Dobbs and the sergeant who conducted the Cross Examination were found not guilty of the crime in this court by the jury. During the state's refutation, W.M. Matthews and in rebuttal, W.C. Dobbs swore on behalf of the state. For a crime committed in this court, Matthews was found not guilty by the jury, while the jury in this court found W.C. Dobbs not guilty of the crime charged. W.W. Rogers was found not guilty of an offense in this court by the jury, whereas the jury exonerated W.M. Matthews from guilt in this court for an offense.

⁣There was a pile of shavings where the chute came down on the basement floor, and the door to the pencil factory was securely fastened. The Private L.S. Dobbs team, including E.K. John Graham and J.W. Coleman swore for the state in rebuttal. Private L.S. Dobbs observed Mr. Rogers attempting to enter the back door leading up from the basement and rear factory on Sunday. In rebuttal, ⁣O. Tillander took the oath of the state. E.K. Graham responded by swearing on behalf of the state. In rebuttal, J.W. Coleman swore on behalf of the state. Mary Phagan's stepfather recalled speaking with Detective McWorth, who claimed to have found a "bloody club" and a portion of Mary Phagan's pay envelope on the first floor. The information pertaining to J's cross-examination is what is most significant in this text. Both J.M. Gantt and Ivy Jones. Ivy Jones and J.M. Gantt both took the oath on behalf of the state to refute the defence. Ivy Jones was in the saloon between the hours of 1:00 and 2:00 on April 26 when Jim Conley entered.

In further rebuttal, Harry Scott swore on behalf of the state. Jim Conley was last seen by Ivy Jones on April 26 at the intersection of Hunter and Forsyth Street, where she left him shortly after 2:00 a.m. Darley, according to Mr. Frank, is the embodiment of honor, so there is no point in asking questions about him. Ivy Jones informed him that they had reliable information indicating that Darley had been hanging out with other girls at the factory, that he was married, and that he had a family.

The two hours of cross examination were up. In just two or three minutes, L.T. Kendrick, a night watchman at the Pencil factory for two years, would punch the clocks for an entire night's worth of work. The dusty back staircase indicated that it had not been used recently. When Mr. Minar was questioned regarding when they last saw Mary Phagan, Vera Eps was present in the home. In June or July 1912, C.J. Maynard had seen Brutus Dalton enter the factory with a woman who weighed about 125 pounds.

Every morning, the clock was typically adjusted, and it occasionally ran slowly and occasionally quickly. ⁣W.T. Hollis swore on behalf of the state due to a confrontation for the state's rebuttal Every morning, the speaker rode with Mr. J.D. Reed. In rebuttal, J.D. Reed swore for the state. Mr. Hollis revealed to the speaker that Mary Phagan and George Epps were riding together and conversing like young lovers. In rebuttal, J.N. Stars swore for the state. Campbell and the narrator claimed that the detained Minola McKnight shortly after the murder in order to interview her.

⁣Minola was transported to Mr. Dorsey's office by a bailiff, accompanied by a subpoena, and placed in a patrol wagon. A bailiff, a subpoena, and a patrol wagon were used to bring her to Mr. Dorsey's office and remove her from there. The most crucial information in this text is that the narrator saw Minola in the station house the following day and held her to get the truth. Minola was brought to Mr. Dorsey's office by a bailiff and placed in a patrol wagon in order to transfer her with maximum security. Mr. Dorsey assured the narrator that he could release her whenever he pleased and that he would do so if the chief deemed it appropriate. Dr. Clarence Johnson, an expert on gastrointestinal disorders, provided rebuttal testimony on behalf of the state. He is a physiologist who conducts his research on a living body as opposed to a dead body like a pathologist does. If a young child who eats a meal of bread and cabbage at 11:30 is discovered dead the following morning at 3:30 a.m. a rope around her neck, indentations where the flesh should have been, an eye bruise, blood on the back of her head, the tongue sticking out, blue skin—all signs that she died by being strangled—and her head bowed. The most crucial information in this text is that a pathologist takes her stomach a week or ten days after eating cabbage, declares exhibit G, finds starch granules that have not been digested, and finds 32 degrees hydrochloric acid.

Rigor mortise had been on her for 20 hours, and the blood had settled in her where gravity would. The digestion of the bread and cabbage was stopped an hour after eating them if the pathologist discovers that there was only combined hydrochloric acid and no abnormal condition of the stomach. Cross-examination is also required to look for head bruises, signs of strangulation, and other head injuries, as well as for anything that might impair blood flow or nerve function. Controlling the stomach, particularly the secretion, also helps to prevent the emergence of symptoms typical of normal digestion an hour after a meal. Absolute accuracy should be used when conducting the test.

It is generally accepted that the color test can be used to estimate how acidic a typical stomach is. Depending on the stomach's contents and the degree of acidity, the range is 30 to 45 degrees. Unless prevented by a preservative agent, formaldehyde has a neutralizing effect on the alkali present that eventually decomposes after death. If the stomach has disintegrated and the preservative has vanished, the hydrochloric acids in the stomach also disappear unless prevented by a preservative agent. Because of insufficient mastication, excessive juice dilution, or other factors that impair the mechanical effect, digestion can occasionally be delayed.

⁣One of the most frequent causes of delayed digestion is insufficient mastication, along with drinking too much liquid fatigue. The layer, character, size, area of separation between, and arrangement of the layers below demonstrate indigestion in the cabbage defendants' exhibit 88. A scientific test must be performed on the stomach's workings, the length of time it spent there, and the presence and strength of the various acids. Dr. George M. Niles, who was sworn in as the state's representative in rebuttal, limits his research to digestive disorders. When Mary Phagan's body was discovered, there were indentations in her neck where a cord had been wrapped around her throat, proving that she had been strangled.

Her face was blown, her nails were broken, she had a small head wound, a tooth bruise on one of her eyes, and her body was discovered face down. The body had been in rigor mortise for 16 to 20 hours and was embalmed with formaldehyde-containing fluid. There was no inflammation, mucus, or obstruction preventing the contents from passing through the stomach normally. Undigested starch granules and 32 degrees of hydrochloric acid were present in the gastric juices. The pylorus was closed, and the gastric juices contained no dextrin, maltose, or free hydrochloric acid.

The pylorus was closed, and there was no restriction to the stomach's ability to empty itself. The pylorus was also closed, and there was no obstruction to the stomach's contents flowing out. For a considerable amount of time, the presence of hydrochloric acid in gastric juices does not alter their chemical makeup. The hydrochloric acid and gastric juices act as an antiseptic or preservative. When it comes to cross-examination of digestion, diseased stomachs vary greatly. You can quantify each stomach's capacity to break down any type of food using a mechanical rule. Every stomach has a specific time frame within which it must digest every type of food. Mastication is a crucial part of digestion, and not doing it causes starch digestion to be delayed.

Carbohydrates include both starch and cabbage. The most crucial information in this text is that if cabbage were consumed by a healthy individual but was not properly chewed, starch digestion would suffer, but the stomach would immediately become overworked. If the cabbage had been a live, healthy stomach and the digestive process had been running smoothly, it would have been completely broken down in four to five hours. Although she had chewed quite a bit, even if she hadn't completely masticated it, there should still be some saliva in her stomach. Chewing is largely a temperamental matter. ⁣Mary Phagan had a healthy stomach with a combined acidity of 32 degrees and no physical or mental obstructions to digestion. Dr. John Funk, a professor of pathology and bacteriologist, was shown sections from Mary Phagan's vaginal wall, which demonstrated torn epithelium walls at points immediately beneath that covering in the tissues below and blood infiltrated pressure. These sections demonstrated that the tissues below had areas where the epithelium wall had been torn off and blood pressure had infiltrated. Blood vessels that were further away from the point of rupture were not as heavily engorged as those that were close to the hemorrhage. The blood vessels that were further away from the torn point were not as engorged as those that were close to the hemorrhage. It is reasonable to assume that the swelling was brought on by the blood's pressure infiltration of the tissues.

A young woman between the ages of 13 and 14 is found with a cord around her neck, indented skin, cyanotic nails and flesh, the tongue protruding, and swollen blue nails—all signs that she had been strangled to death. These conditions must have been created prior to death because the blood could not have caused them. She was embalmed using a fluid that contained the typical amount of formaldehyde, and she will be removed from her grave in about a week or ten days. Her stomach contained undigested starch granules and cabbage similar to that in exhibit G, 32 degrees of combined hydrochloric acid, a closed pylorus, an empty duodenum, and 6 feet of small intestines. The uterus was also slightly enlarged, and the walls of the vagina showed dilation and swelling. Due to changes in the tissues and blood vessels below the epithelium covering, as well as the presence of blood, the epithelium was torn off prior to death.

Cross Examination: Last Saturday, Dr. Dorsey requested that the examiner look at the sections of the vaginal wall, so it is reasonable to assume that the digestion had advanced. The sections were 925 thousandths of an inch thick, about a quarter of an inch wide, and three quarters of an inch long. The autopsy was conducted without the examiner present, but the blood vessel changes indicated the reaction. The examiner served as Jim Conley in Dr. Wynn Owens' Sunday factory experiment while also being paid by the defense to help subpoena witnesses. The examiner overheard George Kendley express his resentment toward Leo Frank, saying that regardless of whether Leo Frank was guilty or not, someone had to be put to death for the murder of those streetcar drivers, and hanging one nigger was just as good as hanging another. Mr. M.E. Stahl, Miss C.S. Haas and N. Sinkovitz in sur-rebuttal swore for the defendant. Leo Frank was one of five or seven people who would get him, according to M.E. Stahl, who claimed that the conductor, George Kendley, had expressed his feelings toward Leo Frank. If the court cleared Frank, Kendley would be the next one to fall. 90% of the best people in the city believed that Frank was guilty and should be hanged, according to ⁣Miss C.S. Haas, who claimed that circumstantial evidence was the best kind of evidence to convict a man on. For the defense in rebuttal, N. Sinkovitz took the oath. He is a pawn broker and is familiar with M.E. McCoy, who recently gave him his watch as collateral.

⁣A public-spirited citizen in 1913 Atlanta felt he should report to the authorities a single man who stated his opinion that Leo Frank was a "damned Jew" and should be hanged. This reveals a culture where such sentiments were scorned and even thought to be outside the bounds of socially acceptable conduct and expression. Leo Max Frank asked to address the court again in the closing moments of the trial, but he was not sworn in, was not sworn under oath, and was not subject to cross-examination. It was forbidden for Dorsey to ask him about it or use it as the basis for questions. The closing arguments made by both the prosecution and defense in the Leo M. Frank trial are the most significant details in this text.

Leo Frank insisted that any witnesses who claimed to have heard him refer to Mary Phagan by name were either lying or mistaken. At the conclusion of the trial, despite several of the young women under his supervision having just finished testifying, he did not spend even a brief moment repeating his claim that he never made lewd advances toward them. Despite this, he did not take the time to reiterate his claim that he never made lewd advances toward the young women under his supervision. We will discuss both the prosecution's and the defense's compelling closing arguments in the trial of Leo M. Frank in the up and coming audiobooks related to this tragic murder mystery.

Leo Frank Trial - Week Three - Leo Frank Takes Witness Stand
Leo Frank
4 Views · 1 year ago

The Leo Frank trial was the most unconventional occurrence in US legal history. The defendant's admission at the trial's conclusion amounted toward emulating a confessional session that had taken place earlier. The People versus Leo M. Frank murder trial, which lasted a month and took place in Georgia's Fulton County Superior Courthouse in the summer of 1913, included this admission. Leo Frank served as a National Pencil Company executive in Atlanta and as the 500-member Gate City Lodge's 500-member B'nai B'rith official president in 1912. The B'nai B'rith established the Anti-Defamation League, or ADL, as a result of the conviction, which has become now well-known andboth politically influential and extremely significant. The grandstand seats of the most spectacular murder trial in Georgia history were filled with spectators.

Eight defense attorneys were led by Luther Z Rosser, while the prosecution team was made up of three people under the direction of Hugh M. Dorsey, the solicitor general, and Frank Arthur Hooper. As well as Ruben Rose Arnold and Rosser. The Leo Frank trial started on July 28, 1913, and continued for several days, resulting in a series of horrifying revelations. The presiding judge, the Honorable Leonard Strickland Roan, was separated from the jury of twelve white people by the witness stand. Leo Frank's testimony on Monday, August 18, 1913, in the afternoon marked the most intriguing day of the trial, which took place three weeks later. Leo M. Frank's sworn statement would be subject to special conditions and rules, according to Judge Roan. ⁣ Leo M. Frank's sworn statement was to be made under special circumstances, and Judge Roan outlined those conditions and applicable laws.

250 spellbound people closed ranks and leaned forward in expectation as soon as he climbed the stand. He had a reputation as a gas jet from his college days, and he lived up to it now with verbose, monotonous speech, interruptions for three out of almost four hours, and endless pencil calculations to drive home his main points. Leo Frank showed the jury original pages from his accounting books throughout his almost four-hour speech. The Leo Frank trial, where he was found guilty of killing Mary Phagan on April 26, 1913, is where the majority of the text's most significant details are found. Leo Frank was charged with detailing the accounting calculations he had made on the afternoon of April 26, 1913, in an effort to convince the court that he had been far too busy to have killed Mary Phagan on that day, nearly 15 weeks earlier.

The defense emphasized how long it took Frank to complete the accounting books, but the real issue was: where was Leo Frank between 12:05 and 12:10 p.m? Monteen Stover testified that she discovered Leo Frank's office empty during this five-minute time period on Saturday, April 26, 1913, and the evidence had already established that Mary Phagan was killed between 12:05 and 12:15 p.m. Leo Frank was present in the same factory's metal room, which housed the metals.⁣There weren't many suspects in the building because April 26, 1913, Confederate Memorial Day, was a state holiday in Georgia and the factory and offices were shut down, with the exception of a few workers who came in to collect. Two investigators testified that Leo Frank had never left his office from noon until after 12:45, and if his alibi held up or was valid, he couldn't have killed Mary Phagan. However, April 26, 1913 was a state holiday in Georgia, commemorating the holiday and the factory and offices were closed. Frank claimed that he might have used the restroom during that time after talking about almost irrelevant topics for hours, putting him in the only publish washroom on that floor of the building—the metal room bathroom. This was even more remarkable considering that weeks earlier Leo Frank had firmly and ⁣ asserted and continuously insisted to the seven-person panel, chaired by Coroner Paul Donohue, that he did not use the restroom during the time of the murder.

Paul Donahue, a coroner who is both visually impaired and a prodigious savant, expressed his expected shock. He was surprised as one might expect. Leo Frank appeared to be attempting to physically and mentally get away from the bathroom where Jim Conley claimed to have discovered the body. ⁣Frank finally admitted that he might have used the restroom during that time after rambling on about near-irrelevant topics for hours. This put him in the metal room bathroom, the only restroom on that floor of the building. This was even more remarkable considering that Leo Frank had insisted, weeks earlier, to the seven-person panel, chaired by Coroner Paul Donohue, that he did not use the restroom throughout the day. ⁣It appeared as though Leo Frank was making an effort to get as far away as possible from the restroom where Jim Conley claimed to have discovered the body.

⁣At 3:56 p.m., Newt Lee entered the lobby on the second floor. m. Leo Frank requested that I spend two hours out on the town before returning at 6:00 p.m. The double doors halfway up the staircase were locked when Lee arrived back. When Leo Frank attempted to punch in a new timesheet for the night watchman Lee to register, Newt Lee saw his boss bungling and almost fumbling the timesheet on Saturday afternoons when he unlocked the doors and entered Leo Frank's office. It was revealed prior to the trial that Leo Frank had earlier informed Newt Lee that it was a National Pencil Company policy that once the night watchman arrived at the factory, as Lee had done the day of the murder at 4:00 p.m.

The most crucial information in this text is that Leo Frank was not permitted to leave the structure until he had turned over control of security to the day Watchmen company. This was brought on by the lack of resources, the danger of fire, and the high cost of the essential factory equipment. The two-hour timetable used to reschedule the postponed baseball game, the unexpected security rule waiver, the clumsy handling of a new timesheet, the locked double doors, and Frank's eerily animated demeanor were all highlighted by the prosecution. In the testimony of two African American witnesses, Janitor James, Jim Conley, and Leo Frank, a nearly demonic plot to capture the innocent night watchman Newt Lee was made clear. Leo Frank was placed between two layers of African Americans and the murder of Mary Phagan in the intricately designed plot for the twelve white men who would decide his fate.

The most crucial information in this text is that Leo Frank, a Jew who was considered white in the racial segregationist old south, was the one who initially attempted to blame the elderly, married, and unpunished African American Newt Lee for the rape and murder of Mary Phagan. In response to the defense team's intrigue, Jim Conley acknowledged he had assisted the real murderer, Leo Frank, with the clean-up after the fact in order to stop Conley from disclosing any more about the actual resolution to the crime. The new murder theory advanced by the defense team for Leo Frank was that Mary Phagan was attacked by Jim Conley as she descended the stairs from Leo Frank's office. They claimed that after Phagan entered the first floor lobby, she was robbed and then thrown through the two foot by two foot scuttle hole next to the elevator 14 feet to the basement. The Leo Frank trial is where the text's most significant details are found.

Leo Frank and Newt Lee were purposefully left alone in a police interrogation room at the Atlanta police station, where investigators set up a conversation between them. Leo Frank reprimanded Newt Lee for attempting to discuss the murder of Mary Phagan and warned him that if he continued, he and Lee would both enter hell immediately. Jewish opinion has become centered on the idea that Jim Conley, rather than 14-year-old Monteen Stover, who defended Leo Frank's character before accidentally revealing his false alibi, was the trial's key witness. Supporters of Leo Frank downplay the significance of Monteen Stover's trial testimony and Leo Frank's valiant attempt to refute it on August 18, 1913. In his 29-page commutation order from June 21–9, Governor John M. Slayton also disregarded the Stover-Frank incident.

⁣The most crucial information in this text is that many Frank supporters have chosen to downplay the importance of Monteen Stover by focusing solely on Jim Conley and then claiming that Jim Conley's absence prevented Leo Frank from being convicted. Only because no one ever foresaw the significance of Jim Conley telling the jury that he had discovered Mary Phagan dead in the middle room, has this question been left open for speculation. In the September 1915 issue of his magazine Watson's, Tom Watson addressed the "no conviction without Conley" controversy but it's time for a twenty-first century justification to explain why even the Georgia Supreme Court decided that the trial's evidence and testimony upheld Frank's conviction.

Leo Frank's four-hour long unsworn statement served as the trial's climax, and Frank was given the last word before closing arguments. Frank Hoover spoke for five minutes in his own defense without being sworn in, disputing the testimony of others that he knew Mary Phagan by name and had entered the dressing room with another worker of the business for ostensibly immoral purposes. Reiterating his "unconscious visit," he also says. Frank acknowledged in a newspaper interview that was printed in the Atlanta Journal Constitution in March 1914 that he might have visited another area of the building during this time that he couldn't clearly recall. He acknowledged that he didn't realize it would take force to achieve his goal when he followed the child back into the middleroom and that Jim Conley overheard a scream that sounded like a laugh that had been severed into a shriek. The stillness of the quiet building was broken by its sound.

Leo Frank Trial - Week Three
Leo Frank
2 Views · 1 year ago

⁣Leo Max Frank, the superintendent of the National Pencil Company, was accused of killing Mary Phagan, a 13-year-old laborer, by the prosecution. Many would contend that the renowned promoter and lawyer in the city, Thomas B. Felder. The defense team was strong, led by Ruben Arnold and Luther Rosser. Felder was secretly working for Frank and his associates as well. Few people anticipated that the defendant, Leo Frank, would soon take the stand and make an admission that was so unbelievable that it was difficult to believe as the defense began its parade of witnesses. Everyone in the audience, including the jury, was still thinking about Jim Conley's prosecution testimony.

Conley acknowledged assisting Frank in moving Mary Phagan's lifeless body from the metal room bathroom on the second floor of the pencil factory to a location in the basement, adding that Frank had asked him to return later and burn the body in exchange for a $200 payment that had been promised. Additionally, he described to a packed courtroom how he had created the "death notes" in the black dialect. The most significant information in this text is that W-W-W. Conley claimed that, at Frank's direction, Frank had acknowledged accidentally killing the girl by hitting her when she rejected his advances. Mary Phagan must have arrived after Montane Stower, not before her, according to Matthews, a motorman for the Georgia Railway and Electric Company who testified that she got off his car at 1210 and was sworn in on behalf of the defense.

To confirm timing, W.T. Hollis, a streetcar conductor, was called W-W-W Matthews. According to Matthews, Mary Phagan boarded his vehicle at Lindsay Street at 11:50 a.m., and their route from Bellwood to English Avenue was followed by Kennedy, Kennedy, and then Gray. To Gray and Jones Avenue and from Jones Avenue to Marietta, Broad Street to Marietta, then out. W-W-W. Matthews was supposed to show up at Marietta and Broad at twelve seven and a half, but they showed up on time and remained on schedule the entire day. Mary Phagan exited at Broad and Marietta; it takes two to three minutes to travel from Broad and Marietta to Broad and Hunter on this busy street. Another motorman took over as the driver at Broad and Marietta, but he remained in the same vehicle and sat down one seat behind Mary Phagan. Around 1210, they arrived at Broad and Hunter. The other young girl and Mary exited the vehicle and made their way to the sidewalk. They got off at Hunter and Broad, which is about a block and a half from the pencil factory. No one got on with Mary at Lindsay Street. The young girl sitting next to her caught the driver's attention for the first time as they were leaving Broad and Marietta streets. Returning to the vehicle, the driver discovered the same young child seated next to her. During the cross-examination, the driver failed to inform one of the detectives that they may have been three or four minutes early that day.

The same girl recognized at the morgue was Mary Phagan, according to the streetcar conductor. When Mary Phagan boarded at Lindsay Street around 11:50 a.m. on April 26, he was on the English Avenue line. He recognized her as the same girl he had seen at the morgue, and several blocks away from where she boarded the bus on English Avenue, he paid her fare. He had no memory of EPS getting into the car that morning. Several blocks away from where she boarded the W.T. Hollis streetcar, on English Avenue, a conductor, recognized Mary Phagan as the same girl he had seen at the morgue and collected her fare.

One of the most crucial information in this audiobook is that Mary Phagan was sitting by herself when she boarded the front end of the car, that Mr. Matthews would inform her that she was late for work today, and that occasionally she would enter the building and express her annoyance at being late. She arrived that morning, and when Mr. Matthews asked her if she was mad, she replied, "Yes, I'm late," and she laughed before getting in the car and sitting down. The other significant information in this text relates to the murder of Mary Phagan, a young girl who was on a car scheduled to arrive in town at seven seven. The text also mentions that Mr. Matthews would tell Mary when she boarded the vehicle, "You are late today," and that occasionally she would come in and comment that she was angry that she was late. Although it is against company policy to arrive early in the city, arriving late is not prohibited. Harry G. Leo Frank's immediate assistant superintendent, Schiff, testified that he had never seen women brought into the office and that Conley had never been seen keeping an eye on Frank.

He claimed that Helen Ferguson had been paid off by him, not Frank, on the Friday before the murder, and that Ferguson had not requested Mary Phagan's pay. This situation demonstrates how crucial accurate watches and clocks were in 1913 and 2013, as well as how accurate they were then. The most significant information in this text is that witnesses like public accountant Joel Hunter and C. backed up Leo Frank's claim that his own testimony was adequate defense. C.E.Pollard. The plant stenographer, Hattie Hall, confirmed that she had worked with Frank until around noon and had clock-out at 2:00. As a result, Jim Conley's testimony that they arrived at the factory at 1245 and that he had gone into Leo Frank's wardrobe to hide from them while they spoke to Frank was refuted by Emma Clark Freeman and Corinthia Hall, who both stated that they had arrived at the factory for a brief visit at 1145. If the women were telling the truth, it would seem that Conley was off by a few hours. The timing of their visit is not important in any way because even its complete absence would have allowed Frank and Conley to move Mary Phagan's body and write the death notes in a few more minutes. The most significant information in this text is that Jim Conley repeatedly changed his story and contradicted himself, and Miss Magnolia Kennedy disputed the assertion that Helen Ferguson had requested Mary's pay. She also stated that she had never seen blood on the floor there prior to the homicide and that the hair that was discovered on the lathe in the metal room matched Mary. In order to demonstrate that Jim Conley had altered his story and repeatedly contradicted himself, the defense also called in Pinkerton detective Harry Scott. Miss Magnolia Kennedy denied Helen Ferguson had requested Mary's pay, but she did concede that Mary's hair matched that found on the lathe in the metal room and that she hadn't noticed any blood on the floor there until after the murder.

⁣⁣The most crucial information in this passage is that Helen Ferguson and Mary were close friends and neighbors, and that Helen didn't ask Mr. Schiff for Mary's money while he was there paying off. Following the swearing-in, Wade Campbell was informed of his interactions on the day of the murder. His testimony about how happy and playful Frank was before noon casts doubt on the bloodspot evidence and Frank's interactions with Conley, contrary to the defense's hopes that he would do so. His testimony about how upbeat and playful Frank was before noon casts doubt on the evidence, contrary to what the defense hoped he would do. This raises questions about the bloodspot evidence and Frank's interactions with Conley.

On Monday, April 28, Wade Campbell, a worker at the Pencil factory, spoke with his sister, Mrs. Arthur White. When she entered the factory on Saturday at 12:00 a.m. and left at 12:30 p.m., she saw a black person sitting at the elevator shaft, she told him. Although she couldn't see anyone, she could hear low voices. On April 26, she arrived at the factory around 9:30 and found Mr. Frank in his exterior office. She had never seen Mr. Frank converse with Mary Phagan. She and Mr. Frank went to the fourth floor on Tuesday, the day after the murder, but she missed seeing the Negro Conly interact with him. When she entered the factory after hearing low voices, she saw the Negro, according to a cross examination. A second look revealed that she visited Mr. Dorsey's office and signed a document that was about 21 pages long. Jim Conley has been seen by the woman twice since the murder reading newspapers on the fourth floor. The most significant information in this text is that Leo Max Frank appeared carefree and jocular in the morning of April 26, 1913. At four o'clock in the afternoon, Newt Lee arrived, unaware that Mary Pagan had passed away and only concerned about a potential downpour.

Lemme Quinn, a factory worker, testified that he had visited the facility and seen Frank in his office around 12:20. However, he hadn't mentioned this visit to anyone until days later, and even Frank had forgotten about it until Quinn came forward. Quinn acknowledged having promised Frank he would bring up the visit if it would be helpful. Indirectly, he indirectly confirmed the time of Miss Halls' and Mrs. Freeman's visit to the factory. Leo Frank was not agitated or tense when he was seen by Harry Denham, who was working on the fourth floor of the pencil factory the day of the murder.The Franks' black cook, Manola McKnight, had earlier admitted in a statement that she had overheard a conversation between the Franks and their wife in which the Franks admitted to killing a girl earlier in the day. Police were alerted to her statement by her husband, but she later recanted it, claiming that her husband was lying and that the only reasons she had signed it were a fear of going to jail and the detective's "third degree" tactics. ⁣Several of Frank's friends and acquaintances were called by the defense to attest to his overall good character.

A number of prosecution witnesses testified that Frank had made inappropriate sexual advances toward girls and young women, which gave the prosecution the opportunity to address Frank's character. The jury was given the impression that the defense did not dare to cross-examine any of the young women who gave evidence by their decision to forego doing so. One of the character witnesses for the defense had a pleasant surprise in store: "Miss Irene Jackson, sworn for the defendant, worked at the pencil factory for three years. Mr. Frank's character, as far as I know, was excellent. The only thing the girls ever mentioned about him was that they appeared to be scared of him. He simply approached the door and pushed it open. On two or three occasions, I overheard comments about Mr. Frank using the restroom, but I don't recall anything about it.
My sister was lying down in the room when I learned about his second visit to the changing area. He simply entered, made a turn, and left". The fact that Mr. Frank entered Miss Mamie Kitchen while the narrator was inside and kept quiet is one of the most crucial details in this statement. He kept staring at the girls without ever entering the room but not from the inner office, where he could have seen the girls sign up. The claims that Frank was very direct with the girls who worked for him were supported by Miss Jackson's account. The fact that Mr. Frank never entered the room and simply observed the girls is one of the text's most crucial details. From the outside office, he could have observed the girls signing up, but not from the inside. The accounts of Frank being frank with the girls who worked for him were supported by Miss Jackson's account. The fact that Mr. Frank never entered the room and simply observed the girls is the most crucial information in this passage. Leo Max Frank, the defendant, took the stand on August 18, 1913, to address the jury in his own defense.

He selected the final option, making an untrue statement that could not be cross-examined. Frank made that decision and his top-notch legal team either concurred with it or accepted it weeks in advance, despite the near certainty that it would be viewed negatively by the jury. Frank's speech was a mind-numbing nearly four hours long, and an astounding three of those hours were devoted to recounting the minute particulars of his office work on the day of the murder, primarily his financial entries and accounting book calculations in excruciating detail.

Even though it was almost certain that such a decision would be viewed negatively by the jury, Frank made it anyway, and his top-notch legal team either supported him or agreed with him weeks in advance. Leo Frank had three and a half hours to complete his office work and was the last person who had seen Mary Phagan alive. He had three more hours starting at three thirty, according to both the defense and the prosecution and anywhere from 3:00 p.m. to 06:00 p.m. to perform the necessary work. The goal of Frank's lengthy speech was to persuade his audience that the six and a half hours he had allotted for his calculations would not be sufficient, and that he would also need the noon hour. Why, if this were the case, did he initially intend to depart at 4:00 p.m. with his brother-in-law, to watch a holiday baseball game?

⁣The claim made by Leo Frank that he never knew Mary Pagan's name is absurd. For the entire 52 weeks that Mary Pagan worked for the National Pencil Company, Frank oversaw the payroll and entered the amounts in his accounting books each week. He also wrote Mary Phagan's initials, MP, next to her employee number and pay amount in these books each week. The entire 52 weeks that Mary Phagan worked for the National Pencil Company, he added his own handwritten initials, MP, next to her employee number and pay amount in these books. The factory's floor plans indicate that Mary Phagan worked in the middle room, and the only bathroom on the second floor, where Frank's office was, was in the metal room. In order to get to the restroom, Leo Frank, a frequent coffee user, had to walk directly past Mary Phagan's desk.

During the little over a year that Mary had worked for Frank, the employees put in at least 2860 hours working eleven-hour days, five days a week, and 52 weeks annually. Even if he only went to the restroom once every three hours, he would have passed Mary Phagan over 953 times in that time. Leo M. Frank mentioned quite a few female employees by name when asked by prosecutor Dorsey if he or she knew them or her by name. He also recommended that if he didn't know Mary in some way, J.M. Gantt would be unlikely to know that she was friendly.

In his unsworn statement, Frank continued, "The Author's Note: Mary Phagan left my office and apparently had made it as far as the door from my office leading to the outer office when she evidently stopped and asked me if the medal had arrived, and I told her no. Leo Frank had claimed that he overheard Mary talking to a different girl, a girl who had never shown up. No girl was found who had spoken to or met Mary Phagan at that time despite extensive research and interviews with everyone known to be in the area. The only other girl present, Monteen Stover, testified that she only saw an empty office. According to Frank's unsworn statement, Mary Phagan was fired because some ordered metal had not yet arrived at the factory. Mary Phagan had apparently worked in the metal department based on her question. Frank actually had the gall to imply that Mary Phagan had likely worked in the metal department based on her query. Everything Leo Frank said about the case is seriously called into question by his admission that he didn't know the dead girl by name or by sight.

When first questioned, Frank allegedly confessed to responding "I don't know," according to detectives. If it was I don't know, Leo Frank might have asked Mary Phagan to go with him to the Medal Room, where the prosecution, the police, and the detectives hired by the pencil company claimed the murder occurred. Leo Frank made the most shocking admission of all, or at least the most shocking admission he could make short of a detailed and humbling confession.

⁣The most crucial information in this text is that Leo Frank attempted to lessen the impact of Monte Stover's testimony by speculating that he might have gone to the bathroom or been concealed behind the safe door when she entered. This defense was unconvincing because, even if Frank had been perfectly situated behind the door, a young woman looking for work would probably just glance around it. Additionally, Frank was speculating that he might have been using the restroom—the one in the metal room—when Monte Stover discovered his office vacant and the evidence points to Mary Phagan's murder occurring there very same moment. This was also surprising because only a few weeks prior, Frank had adamantly asserted to the coroner's jury that on the day of the murder, he had not used the restroom once all day. Leo Frank was charged with killing Mary Phagan in the metal room's bathroom.

He acknowledged that he might have visited the restroom the following Monday, when Mary Phagan-looking hair strands and a five-inch bloodstain were discovered. He also acknowledged that he might have gone to the restroom where Conley claimed to have discovered Mary Phagan's battered, strangled, and lifeless body. He also acknowledged that he may have dropped Mary Phagan's body in the hallway where another bloodstain was later discovered after wrapping it in a sack and preparing to carry it to the basement. Although the stain was thought to be very old by the defense, Frank acknowledged that he might have been present at the scene when Mary Phagan was killed. Leo Frank changed his mind because of the impending rain, and his wife was present to see him on April 29, the day he was taken into custody at police headquarters, are the two most crucial facts in this text. He asked Rabbi Marks for advice on whether it would be wise to let his wife visit him on the top floor where he was surrounded by police officers, reporters, and photographers.
Following her husband's arrest, Frank didn't see him for 13 days, which might have been a reaction to her outrage over what she believed to be his alleged infidelity.

Since there are no reports of her making an attempt to see Frank again during those initial days, Frank's claim that she had to be restrained from actually moving into his cell is too extreme to be believed. Despite later retracting her claim, ⁣Mrs. Manola McKnight had claimed that Leo Frank told his wife that he had killed a girl the night of the murder.

⁣On his way home that evening, Leo Frank bought a box of candy to reassure his wife Lucille Selig of his love for her despite what he had done. Years later, it was discovered that she left clear instructions for her cremation and scattering of her ashes in a public park rather than being buried in Queens, New York, next to her husband. Frank continued by claiming Conley was never present at the factory or anywhere else on April 26, 1913, that he had no involvement in Mary Phagan's death, and that he had never seen him before. Leo Frank's admission of an "unconscious bathroom visit" was entirely ignored by The Atlanta Constitution and The Atlanta Georgian, which were adopting a pro-Frank editorial stance. It is unlikely that the words "call of nature" or "urinate" were deemed too shocking for the public to read about a brutal, strangulation murder since The Atlanta Journal did include the admission. The allegations that antisemitism was used as justification for Frank's prosecution and conviction will be examined in The Leo Frank Trial's upcoming episode.

Leo Frank Trial - Week Two
Leo Frank
1 Views · 1 year ago

⁣The Leo Frank trial ended its second week 100 years ago today. As the Atlanta trial enters its second week, evidence emerges that National Pencil Company executive Leo Frank killed 13-year-old child laborer Mary Phagan. That afternoon and evening, Newt Lee gave a compelling account of Frank's strange behavior. Jim Conley, a plant janitor, testified that he helped Frank, who stood by, while Frank chatted alone with Mary in the office before Mary died unexpectedly. Then help Frank move her body to the basement. James B. Nevin acknowledged that the case against Frank has been impressive thus far and that Jim Conley's testimony and ability to withstand the defense's innuendoes and statements were critical to the outcome of the case.
The State has suggested that Leo Frank may have murdered Mary Phagan and had the opportunity to do so. Jim Conley made one confession after another during his brutal pre-trial police interrogation. Despite his lowness, reticence and reluctance to confess, as well as the apparent contradictions between his initial testimony, investigators and even some skeptical of Conley's claims were ultimately convinced that they had gotten the truth from him. Accompanied by police and factory officials, when Conley was brought back to the scene of the crime, he recounted and re-enacted the events of April 26, 1913, the day of the murder, step by step, following his experience step by step. The details of the account are so detailed, so consistent with the known facts, so precisely aligned with the evidence that Conley could not have known unless he was actually there, and presented so frankly and honestly, that even skeptics would believe it. On Friday, April 25, James Conley had a conversation with Mr. Frank, where he asked her to come to the pencil factory at 8:30 Saturday morning to work on the second floor. He has been with the pencil company for a little over two years, so it is too early for Mr. Frank to want him to do anything for him.

On Saturday morning, Mr. Frank and the narrator arrived at the door at the same time, and Mr. Frank asked the narrator to watch him. The narrator is always on the first floor watching Mr. Frank while he and a young lady are talking on the second floor. At Thanksgiving, a tall lady arrives, and the narrator becomes Mr. Frank downstairs, watching in the doorway. Last year, April 26, 1912, when a lady came, the narrator was told to lock the door and push with his foot so they would know it was her. When the lady came, he stomped his foot and the narrator went to lock the door. On Thanksgiving Day 1912, the narrator is told to blow the whistle and open the door.

⁣The narrator heard Mr. Frank whistle and unlock the door. He was standing at the top of the stairs with a long rope in his hand and was shaking from everything. He asked the narrator if he had just seen the little girl passing by, and the narrator said he had. The narrator then hits the little girl, who falls and hits her head on something. The narrator is not as resistant as the other men, because they had seen Frank two or three times before Thanksgiving in the office, the lady sitting in a chair covered up to the body, and him kneeling on the ground with his hands in the master.

⁣On April 26, the narrator met Mr. Frank at the door, and he asked the narrator to watch him. The narrator is standing on the corner of Nelson and Forsyth Street when Mr. Frank walks by. The narrator was standing on the corner, and Mr. Frank walked down Forsyth Street to Nelson Street. Mr. Frank asked the narrator if he was there and the narrator said he was. Then Mr. Frank came out of Nelson Street and went down Forsyth Street to the pencil factory. The narrator follows and a young man stands on the sidewalk with a paper bag and takes something out of a box. Mr. Frank and the narrator meet at Curtis' Drugstore on the corner of Mitchell and Forsyth Streets. Mr. Frank stopped the narrator at the door and asked the narrator to push the box over the trash can and sit on it.

Mr. Frank then tells the narrator to close the door and goes upstairs to the master Daly's office to borrow money. The narrator does as he is told and Mr. Frank punches the narrator in the chest. The narrator refuses to let Mr. Daly see her, and the narrator decides not to let him see her. Mr. Frank climbed up and told the narrator to open his eyes. Then the narrator sees Mr. Daly, Miss Maddie Smith, The Lady Who Works on the Fourth Floor, A Black Man, Draymond and Mr. Holloway descends the stairs. Mr. Holloway put on his glasses and walked over to the sidewalk cart, note in hand. The narrator then sees a woman working on the fourth floor, a black man named Draymond, and Mr. Holloway descends the stairs. The narrator then also sees a black man and mr. Holloway descends the stairs. The most important detail in this passage is that when the narrator falls asleep, Mr. Daly, Mr. Holloway, Mary Perkins, Mr. Quinn, Miss Monte Stover and Mr. Frank everyone here. Mr. Daly comes down and leaves, Mr. Holloway comes down and goes, Miss Mary Perkins comes down and goes, Mr. Quinn comes down and goes, Miss Monternstover comes down and goes, Mr. Frank hits the girl on the head. The narrator then locked the door and sat in the box for a moment before Mr. Frank whistled.
⁣⁣The narrator heard Mr. Frank whistle and unlock the door. He was standing at the top of the stairs with a long rope in his hand and was shaking from everything. He asked the narrator if he had just seen the little girl passing by, and the narrator said he had. The narrator then hits the little girl, who falls and hits her head on something. The narrator is not as resistant as the other men, because they had seen Frank two or three times before Thanksgiving in the office, the lady sitting in a chair covered up to the body, and him kneeling on the ground with his hands on the young lady.

⁣Jim and the narrator are walking near the second floor of a building when a man tries to get out of his car and falls on top of them. He then took the key back to his office and left the box unlocked. The narrator follows him into his private office, where he begins to rub his hands and brush his hair. After a while Emma Clarke and Corinthia Hall came in and Jim was put in the closet. Then Mr. Frank came and told Jim that he was in trouble, but that he was all right.

Then he gave Jim a pack of cigarettes and a pack of matches, and Jim lit one and began to smoke. The narrator then hands him a cigarette case, which he puts back in his pocket. Finally he asked Jim if he could write a little. The narrator offers to help Mr. Frank because he is white and is his supervisor. Mr. Frank dictated notes to the narrator, who went out of his way to help him. Mr. Frank asked the narrator to turn it over and write it, and the narrator turned it over and wrote it on the next page. Mr. Frank then pulls out a roll of dollar bills and hands the narrator $200. The narrator asked Mr. Frank if he could burn the package on the stove, and he refused.

The narrator then asked Mr. Frank if he could burn the package on the stove, and he refused. The narrator then asked Mr. Frank if he could burn the package on the stove, and he refused. The narrator then asked Mr. Frank if he could burn the package in front of the stove. Mr. Frank sat back in his chair and turned to look at the money. He folded his arms and looked up at the ceiling. The narrator asks him why he hanged himself, and he replies that he has rich people in Brooklyn. The narrator then asks him to come back tonight and arrange the money. He's going home for dinner and the commentator will be back in about 40 minutes. If the narrator does not return, he will drop these items with the body. The narrator will return in about 40 minutes.

The narrator goes to the brewery across the street and pulls out two bills and two quarters. He bought a doubleheader and asked another colored man if he wanted a beer. He then went south on Forsyth Street to Mitchell, and Mitchell went to Davis, where he owed a penny to the Jew across the street. Then he went home and gave a little girl a crown and a shilling to buy sausage and wood. She stays so long that when she returns, the narrator says that he will make a sausage and eat it, then go back to Mr. Frank's house.

⁣The most important detail in this passage is the dialogue between the narrator and Mr. Frank. The narrator was arrested on Thursday, May 1st, and Mr. Frank told the narrator what to write in the memo on State's Exhibit A. The narrator dumped the girl's body in state document A and was arrested on Thursday, May 1. Mr. Frank told the narrator to come back in 40 minutes and burn the boxes on the second floor. The notes are kept in Mr. Frank's private office, and the narrator never knows what happened to the notes they left at home that morning. On Thanksgiving Day, the narrator notices a clock in a beer hall on the corner of Mitchell Street that reads nine past ten. The narrator is 27 years old and worked for Dr. Palmer's Orr Stationery Company SS. Gordon, Adams Woodward and Dr. Honeywell. He had never seen a cradle or a bed in the basement.

On Thanksgiving, Mr. Frank led him into his office. For the first time, he refused to write a letter to the police and also refused to write a cross-examination. He is 27 years old and worked for Dr. Palmers Orr Stationery Company SS. Dr. Gordon, Adams Woodward and Honeywell found their first job at Mr. SM eleven years ago. Truitt. He could not write his name, nor read, nor write, nor read a newspaper. He could write the words school, collar, shirt, shoes and hat, as well as the simplest words. He does not write father, jury, judge or socks. He never attended school past the first grade and attended school for about a year. The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator can write day, beer, and whiskey.

They can also count to eight and twelve. They have worked for Truitt, Coates, Woodward, Honeywell, Press Club, Stationery Company, Dr. Palm and pencil factory. They were employed by Herbert Schiff in a pencil factory, and were paid their wages by Mr. Gant and Mr. Frank. The narrator often asks others to withdraw money for them, such as Gordon Bailey. This is because the narrator owes some boys around the factory to pay them. The tellers leave the factory at 11:30 a.m. for Snowball to cash out for them. This is because some of them owed it to them, some owed it to the narrator and wanted them to pay it back first and then pay it back. The counter is attracted to what they draw, the counter draws $6.05 and snowballs $6.05. Commenters were asked how much they smoke, but said it was none of their business.

⁣The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator hid their money from Walter Pride, the firemen, and two or three others. Instead of trying not to pay them, the narrator settles with them by taking them to a beer hall and buying twice what they get. If they paid, the narrator would take them to a beer hall, buy them a double liquor, and if they could get out before they were seen, they would disappear. The narrator has never seen a night shift in a factory, and the narrator has never seen a night shift in a factory. The most important details in this passage are that the narrator sees the young Mr. Kendrick came to collect money from Mr. Frank at 2:00 a.m. on a Saturday morning, and the narrator sees Newt Lee coming to collect money from Mr. Frank Saturdayat 02:30.

Another lady went out to fetch a young man, Mr. Dalton and they went upstairs to Mr. Frank's office where they were for 10 or 15 minutes. They didn't go out and James said ok. About an hour later, Mr. Frank downstairs. The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator opens the trap door so that the ladies and gentlemen can descend into the cellar. The narrator knows where they are going because Mr. Frank tells them to watch. Mr. Dalton hands the narrator a quarter, then walks out laughing, and the lady climbs the stairs. After their departure, Mr. Frank descends and hands the narrator a quarter. Next Saturday, the narrator expects him around noon. He asked the commentators what they did for him on Saturday and wanted them to be smart this Saturday.

The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator Gordon Bailey supervised Mr. Frank and Mr. Dalton from their fourth-floor office the winter before Thanksgiving. The narrator was standing by the clock when Mr. Frank extended his finger and bowed to them. He then gives the narrator a half dollar to watch over them. The next time the narrator waits for Mr. Frank and Mr. Dalton is Thanksgiving. The narrator meets Mr. Frank at about 08:00 that morning and is told that a woman will be in the office later and they want to chat.

After about half an hour, the lady arrived. The narrator does not know the woman's name, but she is wearing a green suit. The narrator then searches for Mr. Frank and Mr. Dalton in the fourth floor office in the winter before Thanksgiving. The narrator on Mr. In Frank's office two or three nights before Thanksgiving. When she enters, the narrator closes the door and turns the night lock. After an hour and a half, Mr. Frank unlocked the door and said everything was fine. The narrator then asks if the Negro is the best Negro he has ever met. Mr. Frank called the narrator into his office and gave the narrator $1.25. The lady wears a blue skirt with white spots, white slippers and white stockings, a gray cropped coat with velvet panels on the sides, and a large black hat with a large black feather. The narrator leaves shortly before 12:00.

The most important detail in this passage is the narrator's search for a young man and two women at 7:30 a.m. on a Saturday morning. Gordon Bailey told the narrator that they could make a fortune with this guy. Gentlemen and ladies arrive around 02:30 or 03:00 and stay for about 2 hours. The narrator does not know the two ladies and cannot describe what they are wearing. The man was tall, thin and well built, a large man who had been seen talking to Holloway at the factory. The narrator does not remember what they did on the Saturday before Thanksgiving, the Saturday after Thanksgiving, the Saturday before Thanksgiving, or the Saturday after Thanksgiving. The narrator has no idea what they did the following Saturday. The narrator has been in prison 3 times since working at the pencil company. The first time is in September, the second in October, and the third in November. The narrators have been to prison 3 times since working at the pencil company, and can no longer remember the dates of each. The narrators have been to prison 3 times since working at the pencil company, and can no longer remember the dates of each. The narrators have been to prison 3 times since working at the pencil company, and can no longer remember the dates of each.

⁣The narrator has been imprisoned three or four times in the last four or five years, and seven or eight times in the last four or five years. Snowman and the narrator once drank beer together in the building, but the narrator never got drunk in the factory. Mr. Frank used to laugh at the tellers, the last blacks to find work there. Snowmen, firemen and commentators were the last blacks to find work there. Mr. Frank used to laugh with the narrator, they played with the narrator and kept playing. Mr. Schiff and Mr. Holloway saw him joking with the narrator, who had worked at the factory for two years. Mr. Daly wanted to provoke the narrator and beat him up, while Mr. Schiff told jokes with the narrator. Snowflakes stood next to the narrator when Mr. Frank entered the elevator and told him to follow. Miss Daisy Hopkins worked on the fourth floor in 1912, and the narrator sees her working from June 1912 until around Christmas. Miss Daisy was a short, stout, light-skinned lady, about twenty-three years of age. She gives the narrator a note to write down and give to Mr. Daly. The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator has never seen Mr. Dalton except at the factory, and he has seen him somewhere in January.

The last time he saw him he was in the basement with a woman and the detectives took him to the police building and asked if he had been seen inside. The narrator remembers seeing Mr. Holloway at the factory on Thanksgiving, but he got sick two Saturdays in June. The narrator also remembers seeing Mr. Schiff and Daly at the factory on Thanksgiving, but they don't remember when they left. The narrator does not know if anyone was working at the factory on Thanksgiving. They are back in the metal department, but not to the right where the machines are. They swept the second floor, but not the metal department. They never went to Mr. Quinn's office and didn't put disinfectant in my ladies and gentlemen's wardrobes. They had also washed lead on Mr. Quinn's office and pasted the bill shadows. The narrator has been there 3 times before Christmas and can see people walking up the stairs if he pays attention to them.

⁣The most important detail in this passage is that before the narrator left the factory at 530 on Friday, the factory stopped and beat them as they walked out. He left without taking out the money and owed the guard a dollar, so he asked Mr. Holloway to let Snowball take it out for him. Snow White drew it for him and met him at a shoe store on the corner of Alabama and Forsyth Streets. He gives the narrator $3.75. The narrator was arrested on May 1, and someone was sent to bring Mr. Black down. When they made their first statement on May 18, they refused to visit the factory. The narrator was arrested on May 1, and someone was sent to bring Mr. Black down. They did not question it for two or three hours.

The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator wrote something before the first statement, telling Black that they bought whiskey around 1030 Peter Street and paid $0.40. They also said that they went to Buda's Tavern and saw some negroes throw dice on the table and buy beer. Detectives spoke with the teller almost every day after the initial statement, and on May 24, when the statement was published in the newspaper, the teller sent for Blake. The narrator tells Blake that he will tell him some things, but that he won't tell him everything now, he will tell him some of it and keep some of it from him. Scott and Blake were there.

The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator told Mr. Black on May 24 that they helped move a little girl and that they were hiding something in the lower basement. The storytellers also wrote notes on Friday, but they were never told their stories were inappropriate. They didn't talk to the caller all day about why they changed the announcement from Friday to Saturday. The narrator says that on Saturday because they were at the factory on Saturday and the blame for their absence on Saturday falls on the narrator. The narrator told the officers that they had written a note to Mr. Frank and that they were up at 09:00 because there was nothing to do at the factory that day. They had steak, liver and sausage and a slice of liver for breakfast and were given tea and bread. They get up at 6am and don't remember anything else they were told. The narrator does not want them to know that they have written any notes to Mr. Frank.

The narrator tells about how he goes to Pēteras Street after two beers and then beats a man on the neck for beer. They also talk about buying whiskey between 10 and 30, but that's not true. The narrator also talks about not going out at 9:00 and having four detectives talk to them at the same time. The narrator then tells the detective that he will tell the whole truth. The narrator talks about how they changed history when they broke out of prison and returned to headquarters.

They told stories of how they drank four or five beers and bought two for Mr. Earl's Beer Hall on Saturday morning. They also mentioned that their beer at Mr. Earl's Beer Salon on Saturday morning, but it wasn't any wine. The narrator also mentioned that after they left Mr. Frank at the factory, they went straight from Peter Street to the Capital Laundry. The narrator also mentions that they started doing laundry after they left Mr. Frank at the factory. The narrator also mentioned that after they left Mr. Frank at the factory, they went straight from Peter Street to the Capital Laundry. The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator met Mr. Frank at the corner of Nelson and Forsyth streets before going to the factory, and the narrator told the police saying "Aha!". The narrator also told the officers that he was at the Montagu home for about 20 minutes, and the narrator did not tell Mr. Starnes, Mr. Campbell, Mr. Blake, or Mr. Scott that he was at the Montague home for about 20 minutes. The narrator also told the officers that he was at the Montagu home for about 20 minutes, and the narrator did not tell Mr. Starnes, Mr. Campbell, Mr. Blake, or Mr. Scott that he was at the Montagu home for about 20 minutes. The narrator also told the officers that he stopped by the Montagu house for about 20 minutes and that the narrator did not tell the gentleman. Starnes, Mr. Campbell or Mr. Blake. The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator tells the detectives that they want the narrator to look after Mr. Frank when they return to the factory, and they tell them to move the body, for the first time since returning from the Montagues The person who saw the factory was Miss Maddie Smith .

The narrator also tells the investigators that the first person they saw going to the factory after returning from Montagues was Miss Maddie Smith. The narrator also tells the detectives that the first person they saw coming to the factory after returning from the Montagues was Mr. Daley. The narrator also tells the detectives that the first person they saw coming to the factory after returning from the Montagus was Mr. Daley. The narrator also tells the detectives that the first person they saw coming to the factory after returning from the Montagues was Mr. Daley. ⁣They misled the officers when they claimed that they first noticed them going up after returning from Montague's. Mr. Darley left the factory at around 11:30, immediately after they returned from Montagues.

Prior to Mr. Darley's departure, Mr. Holloway and the peg-legged Negro went upstairs and returned. The officers were then told that Mr. Quinn had entered, but this was untrue. The narrator erred because a woman wearing green did ascend before Mr. Darley descended. Mr. Holloway was followed by Mr. Quinn in ascending. The speaker's errors are the most significant details in this text. They erred when they told the police that Miss Monteen Stover arrived after Mr. Quinn.

Additionally, they erred when they informed Mr. Black, Mr. Scott, and Miss Maddie Smith that they were the only ones to go up at all. The speaker also made a mistake by informing Mr. Black and Mr. Scott that only Miss Maddie Smith, Darley Holloway, and the woman in green had actually stood up. In addition, the speaker made a mistake by informing Mr. Scott and Mr. Black that only Miss Maddie Smith, Darley Holloway, and the woman in green had gone up. The speaker also made a mistake by informing Mr. Black and Mr. Scott that only Miss Maddie Smith, Darley Holloway, and the woman in green had actually stood up. Last but not least, the speaker erred by informing the officers that only Miss Maddie Smith, Darley Holloway, and the woman in green had gone up at all. The most crucial information in this passage is that the narrator visited Mr. Dorsey's office three times, and that it took him seven attempts to understand the narrator's testimony. Additionally, the narrator has visited Mr. Dorsey's office three times, and he has spoken with the narrator seven times in order to clarify his testimony.

The narrator also heard the stamping and scream before the door was locked. They heard the stamping and scream as they descended to unlock it. Mr. Frank on both that day and Thanksgiving Day, demonstrated how to lock the door. Each door was unlocked when they descended to leave. When a young woman would eventually be up there to chat, Mr. Frank instructed them not to let Mr. Darley see them around the door so they could keep an eye out for her.

⁣During the hours of ten and ten thirty, Mr. Frank visited Montagues and stayed for about an hour. Why the narrator was to meet him at Nelson and Forsyth Street was not disclosed to the police. The narrator received the signal from Mr. Frank to stamp and whistle on Thanksgiving Day, and he reiterated it that day. About five minutes had passed since they arrived home from Montague's when the woman in the green dress stood up.

The peg-legged black man left the upper level and descended with Mr. Holloway. Five to ten minutes after Mr. Holloway, Darley also descended. Before Montana Stower and Mary Phagan entered, Mr. Quinn and the woman in the green dress descended from the ceiling, followed by Mr. Holloway. The narrator is certain that only Mary Phagan entered after Mr. Quinn. They entered and exited almost simultaneously. Mrs. Barrett, Corinthia Hall, Hattie Hall, Alonzo Mann, Emma Clark, or Mrs. White didn't enter there at any point that day, according to the narrator. The narrator spent the entire time sitting on the box and only got up twice to make water. The narrator heard the scream before they fell asleep, and Miss Montane Stower came down. The narrator then explained to Mr. Starnes and Mr. Campbell about a person who ran back on tiptoes and woke them up stamping. The narrator then informed Mr. Dorsey, Mr. Starnes, and Campbell of Mr. Frank's anxious and trembling position at the top of the stairs. Mr. Frank was holding that cord when the narrator reached the top of the stairs.

The narrator isn't sure when they first came clean about Mr. Frank hitting the young girl. When they revealed to Black and Scott that they were being truthful, they omitted to mention that Mr. Frank had struck the young girl. Returning to the stairs, the narrator discovered the cord around the victim's neck. It was four minutes to one when they turned to face the time. Then, after going back to get some striped bedtick, the narrator spread it out, rolled the young girl in it, and tied it.

They bound the cloth around her before placing her inside it. The narrator gave it their all. The narrator wrote four notes before leaving the factory as opposed to just two, which is one of the text's most crucial details. On white and green pieces of paper, the narrator also wrote three notes, which Mr. Leo Frank folded up as if he wasn't going to use them. Additionally, because Scott and Black had been removed from the case, the narrator didn't inform them of the body's burning. Additionally, because Scott and Black had been removed from the case, the narrator didn't inform them of the body's burning. Additionally, because someone had taken Scott and Black off the case, the narrator didn't inform them of the body's burning. ⁣The next most crucial information in this piece is that the narrator does not recall telling the officers that Mr. Frank had told him he was going to send those notes to his family up north if they had made it down there, and that he was going to write to his mother and tell her that he was an honorable black man. On Monday, the narrator avoided reading any newspapers about the crime and instead washed his shirt in the metal room around 01:30 or 02:00 in response to Mr. Frank's explanation of where he wanted to meet him.

The two white men who approached Mr. Frank in his office that day and a man by the name of Mincy at the intersection of Carter and Electric Avenue were not observed by the narrator. The narrator failed to inform Harley Branch that Mary Phagan had been murdered in the second-floor bathroom or that the body was stiff when they returned. Miss Carson, Miss Mary Pierk, Mr. Herbert Schiff, Miss Small, or Miss Fuss were not informed of Mr. Frank's innocence by the narrator. They also don't recall telling Miss Small, Miss Small, or Miss Fuss that they believed Mr. Frank was as pure as an angel in heaven. The narrator has been detained numerous times for rock throwing, altercations with black boys, disorderly behavior involving alcohol, and subsequent altercations; however, he has never engaged in physical conflict with a white person. The narrator was taken by police to the jail and to Mr. Frank's door, but he never got a chance to see him there. The narrator last encountered Mr. Frank in the station house before their conversation. He took the narrator's pencil and instructed them to rub out the word "Negro.".

After Mr. Frank returned from the basement, they observed Mary Phagan's pocketbook or mesh bag in his office. The narrator and Mr. Scott spoke for about three and a half hours. Mr. Frank warned the narrator on a Thursday that if they caught him, he would be expelled from this place. Before meeting Mincy at the station house in Mr. Lanford's office, the narrator had never seen him before. Mr. Frank used to write the word "luxury" for the narrator after he was released from prison because he had known for a full year that he could write.

The most significant information in this passage is that Leo Frank referred to Conley's testimony as "the most vile and amazing pack of lies ever conceived in the perverted brain of a wicked human being.". Conley provided a wealth of new information about Leo Frank's conversations with young women, admitted that he had been occasionally confused, and admitted to lying in his first two statements to protect both himself and Frank.
Conley's new haircut and fresh outfit were described at one point by Luther Rosser, the attorney for Frank, as having been "put on him so the jury could see him like a dressed up nigger possibly inflaming racial feelings among the all white jury." ⁣The most crucial information in this text is that Conley was an uneducated, illiterate man who refused to back down from his most damning accusations against Leo Frank, even after being cross-examined for more than 13 hours by the best lawyers money could buy.

In his testimony, he claimed that Frank told him he wanted to be with a young girl, hit her too hard, causing her to fall and hit her head against something, and that she as a result was injured. Frank had a thin, light physique and the implication that he might strike a girl and never imagine the blow could seriously harm her, but later medical testimony would show no physical abnormalities in him. Helen Ferguson testified that Frank refused to give Mary's pay to Mary's friend who had offered to take it to her the day before the murder, indicating that Frank wanted to make sure Mary would come to him personally in his office the following day. On Friday, April 25, at around 7:00 p.m., the narrator approached Mr. Frank and requested Mary Phagan's money.

Mr. The narrator turned around and walked out after Frank said he couldn't let him have it. Some members of the office staff were present when the narrator requested Mary's money, but they can't recall their names. Doctor Henry F. went after Conley. With additional autopsy evidence showing that the murder had occurred around noon on April 26, Harris was called back to the witness stand. The only murderers who could have been Frank o,r were as Dr. Harris' words made abundantly clear, were they and not Newt Lee. Conley and the bloody shirt discovered in Newt Lee's garbage can.

C. B. Dalton's testimony corroborated Conley's claim that he had been watching for Frank during his trysts with young girls. Dalton had been to the office of Leo M. Frank two or three times and the National Pencil Company three, four, or five times. Conley and the night watchman were there when he arrived, but Conley was not there. Though he didn't recognize them, he observed some parties in the office.

Conley had been there a few times on Saturday nights and once this year. When he descended the ladder with Miss Daisy Hopkins, he noticed Conley sitting there at the front door. In the cellar, he observed an old cot and a stretcher. Ten years ago, the narrator moved to Atlanta, and she hasn't left the city for more than a week at a time. Between September and December, they observed a Negro night watchman there and saw Mr. Frank around 2:00 in the afternoon. They have walked home from the factory with Miss Smith and Miss Laura Atkins after 20 years of residing in Walton County. They gave Jim Conley a few quarters and observed Mr. Frank drinking beer, Coca-Cola, lemonade, and lime in his office during the day. The first cousin of John Dalton and the narrator is Andrew Dalton. The narrator is the Dalton who admitted to stealing in Walton County in 1894 and went to the chain gang. Others made payments. How long they were in service is unknown to the narrator.

⁣The most crucial information in this passage is that Dalton was charged with corn theft and put on trial in Gwinnett County for aiding in the theft of a cotton bale. When he got into a fight with a hammer and plow stock in 1899, he and the two Dalton boys were both intoxicated. In Gwinnett County, he was charged with aiding in the theft of a bale of cotton and was also accused of stealing corn, but he was exonerated.

Pinkerton agent Harry Scott was one of many witnesses called or asked to testify again in order to further explain statements made earlier in the trial. According to Harry Scott's account, Conley was keeping an eye out for Frank, who, in accordance with the prosecution's theory, was waiting to attack Mary Phagan, at the bottom of the stairs close to the front door. He provided the police with that information but never asked Frank or any other employee of the pencil factory if Conley could write. He was present when Conley gave his testimony on May 18. The most crucial information in this passage is that Conley, a tall, long-haired black man, wrote a written statement on May 18.

Conley began writing the words slowly on May 18 after receiving a dictation from the author. He was smoking a cigarette while chewing his lips when he was brought before Mrs. White. He vehemently denied both being at the factory and being involved in Mary Phagan's murder. On May 24, he made a second, written statement. On that day, he was carried into Mr. Dorsey's office where they discussed the statement. To everything in the statement, he gave his word. We went there together after he sent for Mr. Black.

We spent about three hours asking him very probing questions. We saw him again on May 27 in Chief Lanford's office, and on May 25 he repeated the narrative he had provided in his May 24 statement. Chief Lanford and the author made an effort to convince Frank that he would not have written those notes on Friday on May 28. Frank said he had spoken the truth and would not add anything. On May 28, Chief Lanford and the author interrogated him for five or six hours in an effort to clarify a few of the outlandish claims he had made. Then, on May 28, Defendants Exhibit 38, Frank made a lengthy statement in which it was stated that his prior statement could not be accepted because it showed deliberation. Montane Stover, Mary Phagan, or Lemme Quinn Conley were never mentioned in any of his conversations with them. Around 11:30 on Tuesday, Frank was taken into custody. Defendants Exhibit 39 is Conley's final statement, which was made on May 29. He asserted that he had never observed the small mesh bag, the parasol, or Frank's stumbling as he exited the elevator on the street level and struck him. The author has not spoken with or seen Conley since that time. He denied knowing anything about the feces that were down in the elevator shaft in the basement, and he never claimed to have gone there himself between the time he first arrived at the factory and went to Montagues.

⁣⁣The most crucial information in this text is that the man never claimed that he believed the young girl's name was Mary Perkins, that he saw the young girl's dead body, that he heard a woman scream, that he did not hear any stamping, that he held a cord in his hand at the top of the stairs, that he appeared odd around his eyes or that his face was red, that he returned there and discovered the young girl with a rope around her neck and a
⁣and a piece of underclothing, or that he went back to Mr Frank and told him the girl was dead, or that he wrapped her in a piece of cloth.

The most crucial information in this passage relates to the conversation Mr. Frank had with Conley on Tuesday following the murder, during which Mr. Frank claimed that there wouldn't have been any issues if Conley had returned on Saturday and followed his instructions. Conley received a paper and a pencil from the narrator on May 18 on a Sunday at Chief Lanford's office. Conley claimed he couldn't write, but the narrator persuaded him otherwise, and he went on to write Redirect Examination. The narrator learned that Conley could write from sources entirely unrelated to the pencil company, with whom they had first spoken about Mrs. White's claim that she had seen a black person there.

⁣⁣The narrator also learned who the pencil company first spoke with about Mrs. White's claim that she saw a black person there from outside sources wholly unrelated to the pencil company. The conversations the author had with Black, Chief Lanford, and Bass Rosser soon after April 28 are the most crucial details in this text. Conley finished speaking, and Chief Beavers, Lanford, and Bass Rosser went to the jail with him to see the sheriff. On Saturday, May 3, the author last saw Frank. Conley had altered his story several times to protect himself and Frank, who had offered to help him flee town if he kept quiet, according to Scott's Grilling, which the defense used to their advantage. Leo Frank took the stand, and as he did so, he made a startling confession that neither the defense nor anyone else in Atlanta was prepared for.

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