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Proverbs 12:17: He who speaks truth declares righteousness,
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On August 20, 1913, in front of the jury in the Fulton County superior court, Mr.Frank Arthur Hooper made his last statement on behalf of the State of Georgia. Hooper emphasized that it is up to the jury to determine guilt beyond a reasonable doubt and solely on the basis of the evidence that was put forth to them. The law is powerful enough to reach the highest position and bring the guilty down, as well as powerful enough to delve into the lowest level and bring the lowest to the highest, he further emphasized.
Furthermore, he emphasized that the prosecution is only seeking the truth—the whole truth—as required by the prosecution, not just any truth. Hooper also emphasized that the law is powerful enough to drag those who have broken the law down from the highest positions and up to the lowest. The factory was managed by Sig Montague as its boss, Frank as its superintendent, and Mr. Darley and Mr. Schiff as their assistants, according to this text's most crucial information. There are numerous accounts of his character from female factory workers that the defense has presented, but there are also tales of girls who left the factory as a result of his behavior.
When the first witness took the stand, the defense immediately revealed their strategies, outlining their goals in detail and even going so far as to present the evidence. The defense has revealed their strategies with the first witnesses called to testify, laying out their goals up front and even going so far as to present the evidence. The law is an odd thing. The legal process that could be used to sort the matter out is what's most crucial in this audiobook.
This character question, on the other hand, was one into which the defense, on the other hand, were allowed to let down the bars and walk in. It is argued that if 50 men were asked about the character of a certain place or man, and 25 or more say it is good, while as few as ten say it is bad, what is the character of that place or man? Dalton, who seems to have changed into a respectable man, and Frank had teamed up for a nightly meeting. This suggests that Dalton was not the kind of person needed by a dual personality like the one that existed in Frank. We all have two personalities, and when the evil one dominates, the person is bad, and vice versa.
According to numerous credible witnesses, Dalton appears to have triumphed over this bad and is now doing well. Frank is the manager of a factory that Mary Phagan is in charge of. He insists that he doesn't know Mary, but he frequently makes a stop at her workplace to assist her with her work. He pursues her off the beaten path, telling her about his superiority and enticing and convincing her. Every time he crosses the floor, he also glares lustfully at her. Jim Gantt, a friend of Mary's, serves as the first sign of his attitude toward his victim. Frank, who knew Mary and had his eye on her, asks Gantt, "You're pretty thick with Mary, aren't you?". Gantt must go, but Frank doesn't know how to do it.
The most significant information in this audio segment is that Jim Conley was the only man on either floor in the factory who knew Mary Phagan and who would raise a hand to protect her. Since Gantt was the only man on either floor who knew Mary Phagan and would defend her, he made plans to get rid of him. Jim Conley, who was comparable to Stone Mountain to some nearby highways, was the target of the defense's entire offensive strategy. After three and a half days, Rosser quizzed Negro on every topic he could think of. He quickly typed his answers onto the typewriter from the stenographer's notes, but they read like water being poured onto a mill wheel. His answers were hurried from the stenographer's notes and transcribed on typewriter, but it was like water poured onto a mill wheel.
All the intelligence and creativity in this town, this state, and the entire world combined couldn't compare to the truth. Once everything was said and done, they had no choice but to sit and let Jim tell it like it was. These two facts—that Jim Conley was a serial liar and that he returned that Saturday morning on Frank, his boss's orders—are the most crucial ones in this recorded transcript. Jim mentions keeping an eye out for these people after hearing that other people have seen women enter the factory at suspicious times with men.
The truth often comes out at the very last second, at the eleventh hour, thanks to Providence. The truth was stronger than all the brains and ingenuity that can be collected in this whole town, this state, the world. When all was through, they were forced to sit and leave Jim's truth unscathed. The most important details in this text are that Jim Conley was a big liar, and that he came back that Saturday morning by order of his boss, Frank. Other people have seen women enter the factory with men at suspicious hours, and Jim tells of watching for these folks. Providence has a way of revealing the truth at the final minute, at the 11th hour.
At the noon, Mary Phagan was murdered, and Jim Conley was seen sitting on the first floor near the door where he watched for Frank. Mrs. White saw a Negro in the position Jim tells us he was in. They say he was drunk, but he clearly recited incidents and told the names of people he saw at The Times. This brings us up to the time of the tragedy. Jim Conley and Frank are still in the building, and Frank knows that Mary Phagan was coming that day.
In violation of a plant policy, Mary's friend Helen Ferguson had called Frank the day before asking for Mary's pay and received the response that Mary Phagan should come pick up her own pay. While everything is happening, Jim just watches. Mary Phagan, who is lovely and innocent, shows up at last. She is wearing a blue dress, a new hat, and a ribbon in her hair. Frank claims that Monteen Stover, another young girl, was present when he was there from 12:00 to 01:00. From 12:00 until after, he remained in his office without ever realizing Monteen was there.
One stayed in Montana for five minutes without leaving. Leo Frank's virtual murder confession was summed up by Frank Arthur Hooper in one phrase. Leo Frank acknowledged that he may have left the room and gone somewhere else in the building, but he couldn't exactly recall. Jim Conley, who was obediently sitting downstairs, heard steps leading toward the middle room and then steps following. Leo stamped a signal on the floor of the office as the pursuer's footsteps cautiously retreated from the metal room. Jim Conley overheard a scream that sounded like a laugh that had been severed and turned into a shriek. Frank hadn't realized that using force would be necessary to achieve his goal. He was supposed to arrive on signal, but that scream was not a signal. Frank would later stomp on the office floor. The black man testifies before the jury that the white man killed the young girl while Frank was working on his financial sheet in his office according to the defense.
The diagram illustrating the proximity of the metal room to Frank's office lends credence to Mr. Hooper's theory that nothing could have occurred on the floor without Frank hearing or observing it. When the murder was finished, two men and a woman upstairs had to leave the building before the body was moved. They needed to leave because Frank was about to lock up the factory, so he went upstairs and told them that. This demonstrates his appreciation for a young girl of 14 who had come to draw her pay editor's note, as Frank was doing when Mrs. Arthur White arrived, as he was writing at his desk while still wearing the sleeves of his shirt, "Why should I hang.".
Then, Frank assures Jim that he will look after him and write a letter to his mother so she can assist him. The most crucial information in this passage concerns Frank's intelligence and Jim's lack of it, as well as his expectation that Jim Conley and Newt Lee will show up at the pencil factory to burn Little Mary's body. Frank is anticipating the arrival of Jim Conley and Newt Lee at the pencil factory; the outcome would depend on which one arrives first and decides how the body will be handled if Jim arrived first. It is implied that this is the only time clever Frank has ever lost his head. When the defendant pondered which army would arrive first and knew that the answer would determine whether or not his side would win the Battle of Waterloo, he was in Napoleon's position. That afternoon, Newt Lee arrived at the pencil factory, but Jim Conley wasn't there.
Jim might still show up and burn the body as agreed upon, so he sent Newt on his way in the vain hope that he would. After waiting for two hours for Jim Conley, Newt returned and spoke with him about the previous night's work. The defendant came across an elderly, long-legged Gantt who was searching for his shoes as he left the factory. According to witnesses, the defendant reacted startledly when he saw Gantt and jumped back.
Gantt was fired by Frank after a dispute over who would pay the nominal fee of $1, when Frank had called him to discuss setting up a wedding. He didn't believe Gantt stole that meager dollar; instead, he anticipated that he would inquire as to Mary Phagan's whereabouts. When the defendant saw Gantt, he recoiled. Gantt informed the defendant that he had left a pair of shoes at the factory and had come to retrieve them. The defendant believed he had seen a ninja removing Gantt's shoes from the structure. There were two pairs of shoes in there, according to Gantt, and perhaps one pair wasn't swept out. The accused consented to let Gantt inside but insisted that he be guarded like a thief. Just as he claimed, Gantt found both pairs of shoes. He phoned the factory after letting Gantt in to see if he had left and if anyone had noticed after Gantt entered. When he realized Gantt had left safely and everything was fine, he felt fine and relieved. The fact that Newt Lee discovered Mary Phagan's body and called the police is the most crucial information in this passage. When he mentioned it in court, Detective Starnes was confused, but he never forgot it.
Frank expressed anxiety as he was being led to the morgue and claimed he believed the victim was a girl he had paid off the day before. He was tense as a cat that morning and offered no solace. Having spent weeks in the courtroom, Detective Starnes is tense. He claimed he believed it was a girl he saw and spoke to every day while trembling like a cat that morning. The events leading up to Newt Lee's arrest are the most crucial details in this section of the audiobook. He reasoned that he needed to look at the time slip when he was taken to the basement and brought back upstairs. Others agreed with him after he examined the slip and claimed it had been punched correctly. When police officer Black arrived at Newt Lee's house, he discovered a bloody shirt at the bottom of the storage container, surrounded by a lot of other items. Police Officer Black visited Newt Lee's house because he had some unfounded suspicions, and there he discovered a bloody shirt at the bottom of a barrel with numerous items piled on top of it. Newt Lee is free and is not under suspicion.
It had to be planted; it was planted, the bloody shirt. The two jury-made suggestions are the two most significant details in this text. The first is that Newt Lee had to be the target of suspicion if he was to be used as the scapegoat. The second is that Frank didn't try to fix it on Jim Conley when he was discovered washing a shirt before the trial. The third is that cunning Pinkerton investigators discovered a large bloody stick and a piece of an envelope. Conley refused when asked if Mincy had admitted to him that he was the person who killed the girl, which brings us to our fourth point. Fifth, Frank would be freed if Conley could persuade the jury that Jim confessed to him about the murder. The only belief required of the jurors, according to the speaker, is equivalent to the belief they would hold if they were out in public or at home. In the jury room, they are expected to behave naturally and rationally. The speaker wants to use up less of their time because this testimony has been lengthy.
After Leo Frank gave an untruthful statement to the court, the defense called several women who claimed that they had never received any inappropriate sexual advances from Frank. A number of strong female witnesses from the prosecution's side, however, contradicted that testimony. These opposing witnesses also disputed Frank's assertions that he was so unfamiliar with Mary Phagan that he did not even recognize her name. Leo Frank's friends, business partners, and employees testified on his behalf in the defense, stating that he had a good reputation and had not, to their knowledge, made inappropriate sexual advances toward the girls and women who worked for him.
Mrs. Annie Osborne, Mrs. Rebecca Carson, Mrs. Maud Wright, and Mrs. Ella Thomas all testified that they worked for the National Pencil Company and that Mr. Frank generally had a good character while Conley generally lacked truthfulness and veracity. Cora Cowan, Mrs. Molly Blair, and Ethel Stewart. All of the defendant's witnesses—B.D. Smith, Lizzie Word, Bessie White, Grace Atherton, and Mrs. Barnes—proved that they worked for the National Pencil Company, knew Leo M. Frank, and thought well of him in general.
Miss Corinthia Hall, Annie Howell, Lillie M. Goodman, Velma Hayes, Jennie Mayfield, Ida Holmes, Willie Hatchett, Mary Hatchett, Minnie Smith, Marjorie McCord, Lena McMurty, Mrs. R. Johnson, Mrs. S. A. O. Wilson, Mrs. Georgia Denham, Mrs. O. Jones, Miss Zilla Spivey, Charles Lee, N.V. Darley, F. Ziganki together with A.C. Holloway and Minnie Foster all claimed that Leo M. Frank was a person of good character, who were all sworn witnesses for the defendant and who all worked for the National Pencil Company. Leo Frank never made any sexual advances toward any of the current National Pencil Company employees, according to numerous witnesses.
The other signatories were D.I. MacIntyre, Alex Dittler, Dr. B. Wildauer, Mrs. Dan Klein, and Ms. E. Sommerfield, F.G. Schiff, Joseph Gershon AL. Guthman; P.D. McCarley, Ms. M.W. Meyer, Mrs. David Marx, Mrs. I. Harris, M.S. Rice, L.H. Moss, Mrs. L.H. Joseph Brown, E. Moss, Mrs. E. Fitzpatrick, Emil Dittler, and W.M. Bauer, Miss Hellen Loeb, A.L. Fox, Mrs. Martin May, Julian V. Boehm, Mrs. Mollie Rosenberg, M.H. Silvermans, Mrs. L. Sterne, Chas Adeler, Mrs. Ray Klein, Miss R.A. Sonn, A.J. Jones, L. Einstein, J. Bernald, J. Fox, Marcus Loeb, Fred Heilbron, Milton Klein, Jonathan Coplan, and Mrs. J.E. Sommerfield. Leo M. Frank has lived in Atlanta all of his life, and according to Sommerfield, who were all sworn witnesses for the defendant, they have known him since that time. They also attested to his generally good character and that Leo Frank never made any sexual advances toward any of the current National Pencil Company employees, according to many of them who testified.
Mrs. M.W. Carson, Mary Pirk, Mrs. Dora Small, Miss Julia Fuss all testified positively on behalf of Leo Frank, He is a good person in general, according to R.P. Butler and Joe Stelker, both of whom were sworn witnesses for the defendant and who all stated that they worked for the National Pencil Company.
In their testimony, they further stated that they had never accompanied him for any immoral activities and that they had never heard of him breaking any laws. Maggie Griffin, Mrs. C. Duncan, and Mrs. Myrtie Cato were among the witnesses called by the prosecution. Mrs. Mary Davis, Miss Nelly Pettis, R. Johnson, Miss Marie Carst, Mrs. R. Mary, Mrs. E. Carrie Smith, Mrs. Estelle Winkle, and Mrs. Wallace. All of these witnesses confirmed that they worked for the National Pencil Company, knew Leo M. Frank, and thought well of him in general. The ten women who testified that Leo M. Frank had a "bad character for lasciviousness" were not chosen by the defense to be subjected to cross examination.
This limited the prosecution to the straightforward claims that Frank had a "bad character for lasciviousness.". At the coroner's inquest, where the rules of evidence allow for more lenient questioning, two of these witnesses gave much longer statements. During the inquest, several young women and girls testified that Frank had made inappropriate advances toward them, including touching a girl's breast and paying her to comply with his wishes.
According to The Atlanta Georgian, women and girls were called to the witness stand to confirm that Leo Frank had made an effort to get to know them and that they had either worked at or had occasion to visit the pencil factory. According to Nellie Pettis of Nine Oliver Street, Frank had made inappropriate advances toward her. When asked if she had ever worked at the pencil factory, she replied that she had seen him in his office occasionally while visiting the facility to collect her sister-in-law's paycheck. Frank looked at her after taking a box full of cash from his desk and giving it to her when she asked for her sister's pay. She immediately assured him that she was a nice girl. She told him to go to hell and walked out of Coroner Donohue's office after he sharply inquired, "Didn't she say anything else?". If accurate, Frank's actions in this regard were shocking.
The two young girls' testimony, which describes Leo Frank's pattern of improper familiarities, contains the most crucial information in this text. Frank asked Nellie Wood, a young girl who worked for him for two days, to come into his office so he could put his hands on her breast, according to testimony she provided. Frank's pattern of inappropriate familiarities was also attested to by Miss Ruth Robinson, Ms. Ruth Robinson, Ms. Jones, and Ms. Miss Ruth Robinson testified that she had seen Frank discussing Mary Phagan's work with her and that she had never met him for any immoral purposes. Miss Mamie Kitchens testified that she had never met Mr. Frank for any immoral purposes, regardless of where or when they had met.
Miss Ruth Robinson testified that she had seen Frank discussing Mary Phagan's work with her and that she had never met him for any immoral purposes. The most crucial information in this passage is about Miss Dewey. In rebuttal, Hewell swore on behalf of the state and stated that she had spent four months working at the pencil factory before leaving in March 1913. She had observed Mr. Frank speaking to Mary Phagan in the metal department two or three times per day while placing his hand on her shoulder. Both Ms. Myrtice Cato and Miss Maggie Griffin, who had taken the oath on behalf of the state, testified that they had seen Miss Rebecca Carson enter the woman's dressing room on the fourth floor while Leo M. Frank was present two or three times while the two were at work.
J.E. Duffy admitted to working for the National Pencil Company and swearing for the state in rebuttal. In March of this year, the narrator suffered an injury while working in the National Pencil Company's metal department. Their left hand's forefingers were cut, so they went to the office to get it dressed. When they were initially cut, a large piece of cotton was wrapped around their finger, and a piece of cotton waste was slapped onto their hand.
Cross-examination showed that there was no blood anywhere besides at the machine. They went to the hospital in Atlanta to have their finger treated, and Willie Turner gave a rebuttal oath on behalf of the state. Mary Phagan informed Leo Frank that she had to leave for work when the narrator overheard them discussing March middle on the second floor. The most crucial information in this passage is when Mr. Frank informed Mary Phagan that he was the factory superintendent and that he wanted to speak with her; however, she responded that she had to go to work. While this was going on, some of the girls entered the room as they were getting ready for dinner and directed the narrator to where to put the pencils. She informed Mr. Frank that she had to leave for work because of the whistle at noon when he said he wanted to speak to her. The narrator didn't know anyone in the factory, according to a young man on the fourth floor who introduced himself as Mary Phagan.
Leo Frank's defense made an impression with their parade of young female pencil factory workers who had never heard Frank speak to Mary Phagan. Finding someone who had seen Leo Frank make dubious forays into the lady's dressing room, who had been sexually approached by Frank or had seen him approach others, and who had seen Frank speak to Mary Phagan, however, was enough to shatter the façade of a Leo Frank who didn't know Mary Phagan and whose behavior toward his female employees was above reproach.
The damage it caused to Leo Frank's credibility as a truthful person was the most detrimental of all. George Gordon, Minola McKnight's attorney, testified about the events of the night that Minola McKnight wrote her sensational affidavit asserting that Leo Frank had admitted to his wife that he wanted to die because he had killed a girl that day after a motorman named Merck claimed that defense witness Daisy Hopkins had a reputation for lying. Minola McKnight, a cook for the Franks, had since George Gordon, a practicing attorney, was present at the police station for a portion of the time Minola McKnight was giving her statement.
He spent the majority of the time waiting for her to sign the affidavit outside the door. When he saw the sonographer from the recorder's court enter the room, he demanded to be allowed to do so and was granted his request. While he was gone, Mr. Starnes said it had to be kept quiet and nobody told about it. He found Mr. February reading over to her a stenographic statement he had taken. Gordon subsequently requested that Mr. Dorsey release her at his office. Gordon went to Mr. Dorsey's office and informed him that she was being held against her will even though he had said he would let her go. He told Gordon he had done it. The most significant information in this passage is that the narrator received bond in any amount she requested and that the narrator agreed with her that they had no right to imprison her. Once he had a habeas corpus, the narrator went to the police station to have her released. The detectives told them they would not release her unless the narrator demanded that they do, and the narrator agreed that they had no right to imprison her. In order to get her released, the narrator then obtained a habeas corpus and went to the police station.
The narrator heard that a woman had been detained and was being held in a cell at the police station. These are the two most crucial facts in this text. Beaver stated that since the charge against her was mere suspicion, he would not release her on bond without Mr. Dorsey's approval. When the narrator asked Mr. Dorsey to release her on bond, he responded that he wouldn't because it would make him look bad in the eyes of the detectives. However, if the narrator allowed her to stay with Starnes and Campbell for a day, he would release her without any bond. According to the narrator, while it is occasionally necessary to obtain information, our liberty is more important than any information, and we consider it to be a violation of our Anglo-Saxon liberties when someone is locked up simply because they know something.
The most crucial information in this passage is that Minola's lawyer, Mr. Dorsey, was present when she spoke about paying the cook, and that her husband, Albert McKnight, testified that the household's diagram was incorrect and did not depict the furniture in its proper locations. On April 26, the employers of Albert McKnight provided additional insight into Minola's statement because they had been present while she was being detained and even managed to coax her into speaking with them without the detectives being present.
These assertions supported Minola's affidavit and did not support her later denial of it. In rebuttal, R.L. Craven took the oath of the state. Albert McKnight also works for the same company as the hardware store where he had ties, Beck and Greg. In the latter part of May, he went to Minola McKnight's house with Mr. Pickett, and he was there when she signed the affidavit. She was first questioned about the statements Albert had made to them. She initially refused to speak, but eventually she spoke about everything that was stated in the affidavit. When they were questioning her, Mr. Starnes, Mr. Campbell, Mr. February, Mr. Pickett, Mr. Gordon, and Mr. Albert McKnight were present.
At the time of the 11:30 a.m. cross examination, she had been detained for 12 hours. One morning, the narrator went to Mr. Dorsey's office to see if they could help her get out of jail. She initially refuted it, but the narrator interrogated her for two hours. After a while of wondering why they didn't stay and free her, she finally said something in agreement with her husband, and the narrator left. Mr. Starnes and Mr. Campbell would be informed, according to Mr. Dorsey, who instructed the narrator to question her and go out and see her.
After some time wondering why they didn't stay and free her, the narrator left. The key information in this passage is that E.H. Minola McKnight, Albert McKnight, Starnes Campbell, Mr. Craven, and Mr. Gordon signed a document while Mr. Gordon and Beck and Greg employee Pickett was present. She initially denied everything when they questioned her about Albert's statement. She claimed that Albert had lied when he told Mrs. Frank and Mrs. Selig that she had been warned not to discuss the affair.
After a while, she started to back down from a few of her arguments and acknowledged that she had received a little more pay than was normally expected of her. Although initially she didn't tell us everything in that statement, there were many things she did not disclose. She appeared hysterical before starting to do it. We assured her that we had not come down to cause trouble for her but rather to rescue her. She consented to speak with us but refused to speak with the detectives. Following that, the detectives left the room.
The most crucial information in this passage is that Minola McKnight was detained and accused of a crime. The detectives bombarded her with questions while admonishing her not to repeat anything she heard.
The affidavit contains nothing that she did not say during her initial conversation with them; she did not make all of those claims. She was initially told not to speak, and the Seligs had increased her pay as a result of whatever, if anything, she may have said about being given a hat by Mrs. Selig. With the detectives being cross-examined as to why they declined to take her statement, her attorney, Mr. Gordon, entered the room.
Mr. Dorsey referred them to the detectives to make arrangements as to why they didn't get her out then when she denied saying all of those things. The testimony of Dr. S.C. Benedict and a couple of streetcar motormen, such as J.H. Hendricks and J.C. McEwing - both being motormen for Georgia Railway and Electric Company contains the majority of the crucial information in this recording. Dr S.C. Benedict stated that Dr. Harris, the prosecution's lead medical expert, was the target of animosity on the part of one of the defense's medical experts. Additionally, several streetcar drivers claimed that the streetcars frequently arrived early, which tended to lessen the impact of the motormen's testimony that the defense called.
In the end, nobody seriously questioned the fact that Mary Phagan arrived at Leo Frank's office on April 26 in the afternoon, met her death in a matter of minutes, and then left. Before the scheduled arrival date of April 26, the English Avenue car carrying Matthews and Hollis arrived in town. In rebuttal, J.C. McEwing swore on behalf of the state.On April 26, he operated a streetcar between Marietta and Decatur Street. Hendricks' car was due there five minutes after the hour, Hollis and Matthews' car was due there seven minutes after the hour, English Avenue frequently cut off, White City car was due in town at twelve five minutes after the hour, and Cooper Street was due there seven minutes after the hour. The White City car is scheduled to arrive there prior to the English Avenue, five minutes after the hour, and seven minutes after the Cooper Street. In order to stop the Cooper Street car, the English Avenue car needed to arrive four to five minutes early.
On April 26, M.E. McCoy saw Mary Phagan in front of Cooledge's Place at 12 Forsyth Street and took the oath for the state in rebuttal. He headed straight down to Pencil Company, which is located south on Forsyth Street on the right side, after leaving the fork in the road at precisely 12:00. He took three or four minutes to get there, and when he arrived, he checked his watch to see what time it was. On April 26, in front of Cooledge's Place at 12 Forsyth Street, M.E. McCoy saw Mary Phagan and took oath for the state in rebuttal.
The most significant information in this text is that on April 26 around noon, George Kendley, a railroad employee, saw Mary Phagan. She was in sight as he rode the front end of the Hapeville car, which was scheduled to arrive in town at noon. The time that George Kendley saw her is just an estimate, but he did mention seeing her the following day to a number of people. Since he told several people that he would see her the following day, Mary Phagan should have arrived in town around ten minutes after leaving her house at ten to twelve.
It is only a guess that he saw her at that time, and his car was scheduled to arrive in town at that time. By learning of the tragedy the following day, the narrator is reminded of seeing Miss Haas. They were not questioned, so they did not provide testimony at the coroner's inquest. Since the tragedy, they have stopped abusing and demonizing Frank and refraining from making themselves a nuisance by bringing up his name while driving. They have discussed it with Mr. Brent, but they haven't indicated that, should he be set free, they'd join a group to help lynch him. They have discussed it with Mr. Leach, but they have not indicated that they would join a group to help lynch him if he escaped. Henry Hoffman, a streetcar company inspector, and N. Kelly, a motorman for the Georgia Railway and Power Company, is both sworn for the state in rebuttal. The streetcar company's inspector is Henry Hoffman, while The Georgia Railway and Power Company employs N. Kelly as a motorman. When they cut off the Fair Street car, Henry Hoffman was on Matthews' car and alerted him to the fact that he was moving too quickly. On April 26, N. Kelly could see the English Avenue car driven by Matthews and Mr. Hollis arrive at the corner of Forsyth and Marietta Street about three minutes after twelve. Mary Phagan may have exited the English Avenue car, but she didn't turn around. She wasn't in the English Avenue car. The speaker boarded a car at Broad and Marietta, then circled Hunter Street. These are the most crucial details in this document. Since they didn't want to become involved in it, the speaker chose not to address itf or the state's counterargument, W.B. Owens swore. The Georgia Railway and Electric Company's White City line, on which the speaker rode, has an arrival time of 12:05, two minutes before the English Avenue car.
At 12:55 on April 26, they arrived in town. After April 26, the speaker has noticed that the English Avenue car often arrives a minute or two before them. Defending the state was conductor on the English Avenue line Louis Ingram. He has repeatedly observed the car arrive early while working as a conductor on the English Avenue line. The most significant information in this text is that W. M. Matthews, the motorman and both W.C. Dobbs and the sergeant who conducted the Cross Examination were found not guilty of the crime in this court by the jury. During the state's refutation, W.M. Matthews and in rebuttal, W.C. Dobbs swore on behalf of the state. For a crime committed in this court, Matthews was found not guilty by the jury, while the jury in this court found W.C. Dobbs not guilty of the crime charged. W.W. Rogers was found not guilty of an offense in this court by the jury, whereas the jury exonerated W.M. Matthews from guilt in this court for an offense.
There was a pile of shavings where the chute came down on the basement floor, and the door to the pencil factory was securely fastened. The Private L.S. Dobbs team, including E.K. John Graham and J.W. Coleman swore for the state in rebuttal. Private L.S. Dobbs observed Mr. Rogers attempting to enter the back door leading up from the basement and rear factory on Sunday. In rebuttal, O. Tillander took the oath of the state. E.K. Graham responded by swearing on behalf of the state. In rebuttal, J.W. Coleman swore on behalf of the state. Mary Phagan's stepfather recalled speaking with Detective McWorth, who claimed to have found a "bloody club" and a portion of Mary Phagan's pay envelope on the first floor. The information pertaining to J's cross-examination is what is most significant in this text. Both J.M. Gantt and Ivy Jones. Ivy Jones and J.M. Gantt both took the oath on behalf of the state to refute the defence. Ivy Jones was in the saloon between the hours of 1:00 and 2:00 on April 26 when Jim Conley entered.
In further rebuttal, Harry Scott swore on behalf of the state. Jim Conley was last seen by Ivy Jones on April 26 at the intersection of Hunter and Forsyth Street, where she left him shortly after 2:00 a.m. Darley, according to Mr. Frank, is the embodiment of honor, so there is no point in asking questions about him. Ivy Jones informed him that they had reliable information indicating that Darley had been hanging out with other girls at the factory, that he was married, and that he had a family.
The two hours of cross examination were up. In just two or three minutes, L.T. Kendrick, a night watchman at the Pencil factory for two years, would punch the clocks for an entire night's worth of work. The dusty back staircase indicated that it had not been used recently. When Mr. Minar was questioned regarding when they last saw Mary Phagan, Vera Eps was present in the home. In June or July 1912, C.J. Maynard had seen Brutus Dalton enter the factory with a woman who weighed about 125 pounds.
Every morning, the clock was typically adjusted, and it occasionally ran slowly and occasionally quickly. W.T. Hollis swore on behalf of the state due to a confrontation for the state's rebuttal Every morning, the speaker rode with Mr. J.D. Reed. In rebuttal, J.D. Reed swore for the state. Mr. Hollis revealed to the speaker that Mary Phagan and George Epps were riding together and conversing like young lovers. In rebuttal, J.N. Stars swore for the state. Campbell and the narrator claimed that the detained Minola McKnight shortly after the murder in order to interview her.
Minola was transported to Mr. Dorsey's office by a bailiff, accompanied by a subpoena, and placed in a patrol wagon. A bailiff, a subpoena, and a patrol wagon were used to bring her to Mr. Dorsey's office and remove her from there. The most crucial information in this text is that the narrator saw Minola in the station house the following day and held her to get the truth. Minola was brought to Mr. Dorsey's office by a bailiff and placed in a patrol wagon in order to transfer her with maximum security. Mr. Dorsey assured the narrator that he could release her whenever he pleased and that he would do so if the chief deemed it appropriate. Dr. Clarence Johnson, an expert on gastrointestinal disorders, provided rebuttal testimony on behalf of the state. He is a physiologist who conducts his research on a living body as opposed to a dead body like a pathologist does. If a young child who eats a meal of bread and cabbage at 11:30 is discovered dead the following morning at 3:30 a.m. a rope around her neck, indentations where the flesh should have been, an eye bruise, blood on the back of her head, the tongue sticking out, blue skin—all signs that she died by being strangled—and her head bowed. The most crucial information in this text is that a pathologist takes her stomach a week or ten days after eating cabbage, declares exhibit G, finds starch granules that have not been digested, and finds 32 degrees hydrochloric acid.
Rigor mortise had been on her for 20 hours, and the blood had settled in her where gravity would. The digestion of the bread and cabbage was stopped an hour after eating them if the pathologist discovers that there was only combined hydrochloric acid and no abnormal condition of the stomach. Cross-examination is also required to look for head bruises, signs of strangulation, and other head injuries, as well as for anything that might impair blood flow or nerve function. Controlling the stomach, particularly the secretion, also helps to prevent the emergence of symptoms typical of normal digestion an hour after a meal. Absolute accuracy should be used when conducting the test.
It is generally accepted that the color test can be used to estimate how acidic a typical stomach is. Depending on the stomach's contents and the degree of acidity, the range is 30 to 45 degrees. Unless prevented by a preservative agent, formaldehyde has a neutralizing effect on the alkali present that eventually decomposes after death. If the stomach has disintegrated and the preservative has vanished, the hydrochloric acids in the stomach also disappear unless prevented by a preservative agent. Because of insufficient mastication, excessive juice dilution, or other factors that impair the mechanical effect, digestion can occasionally be delayed.
One of the most frequent causes of delayed digestion is insufficient mastication, along with drinking too much liquid fatigue. The layer, character, size, area of separation between, and arrangement of the layers below demonstrate indigestion in the cabbage defendants' exhibit 88. A scientific test must be performed on the stomach's workings, the length of time it spent there, and the presence and strength of the various acids. Dr. George M. Niles, who was sworn in as the state's representative in rebuttal, limits his research to digestive disorders. When Mary Phagan's body was discovered, there were indentations in her neck where a cord had been wrapped around her throat, proving that she had been strangled.
Her face was blown, her nails were broken, she had a small head wound, a tooth bruise on one of her eyes, and her body was discovered face down. The body had been in rigor mortise for 16 to 20 hours and was embalmed with formaldehyde-containing fluid. There was no inflammation, mucus, or obstruction preventing the contents from passing through the stomach normally. Undigested starch granules and 32 degrees of hydrochloric acid were present in the gastric juices. The pylorus was closed, and the gastric juices contained no dextrin, maltose, or free hydrochloric acid.
The pylorus was closed, and there was no restriction to the stomach's ability to empty itself. The pylorus was also closed, and there was no obstruction to the stomach's contents flowing out. For a considerable amount of time, the presence of hydrochloric acid in gastric juices does not alter their chemical makeup. The hydrochloric acid and gastric juices act as an antiseptic or preservative. When it comes to cross-examination of digestion, diseased stomachs vary greatly. You can quantify each stomach's capacity to break down any type of food using a mechanical rule. Every stomach has a specific time frame within which it must digest every type of food. Mastication is a crucial part of digestion, and not doing it causes starch digestion to be delayed.
Carbohydrates include both starch and cabbage. The most crucial information in this text is that if cabbage were consumed by a healthy individual but was not properly chewed, starch digestion would suffer, but the stomach would immediately become overworked. If the cabbage had been a live, healthy stomach and the digestive process had been running smoothly, it would have been completely broken down in four to five hours. Although she had chewed quite a bit, even if she hadn't completely masticated it, there should still be some saliva in her stomach. Chewing is largely a temperamental matter. Mary Phagan had a healthy stomach with a combined acidity of 32 degrees and no physical or mental obstructions to digestion. Dr. John Funk, a professor of pathology and bacteriologist, was shown sections from Mary Phagan's vaginal wall, which demonstrated torn epithelium walls at points immediately beneath that covering in the tissues below and blood infiltrated pressure. These sections demonstrated that the tissues below had areas where the epithelium wall had been torn off and blood pressure had infiltrated. Blood vessels that were further away from the point of rupture were not as heavily engorged as those that were close to the hemorrhage. The blood vessels that were further away from the torn point were not as engorged as those that were close to the hemorrhage. It is reasonable to assume that the swelling was brought on by the blood's pressure infiltration of the tissues.
A young woman between the ages of 13 and 14 is found with a cord around her neck, indented skin, cyanotic nails and flesh, the tongue protruding, and swollen blue nails—all signs that she had been strangled to death. These conditions must have been created prior to death because the blood could not have caused them. She was embalmed using a fluid that contained the typical amount of formaldehyde, and she will be removed from her grave in about a week or ten days. Her stomach contained undigested starch granules and cabbage similar to that in exhibit G, 32 degrees of combined hydrochloric acid, a closed pylorus, an empty duodenum, and 6 feet of small intestines. The uterus was also slightly enlarged, and the walls of the vagina showed dilation and swelling. Due to changes in the tissues and blood vessels below the epithelium covering, as well as the presence of blood, the epithelium was torn off prior to death.
Cross Examination: Last Saturday, Dr. Dorsey requested that the examiner look at the sections of the vaginal wall, so it is reasonable to assume that the digestion had advanced. The sections were 925 thousandths of an inch thick, about a quarter of an inch wide, and three quarters of an inch long. The autopsy was conducted without the examiner present, but the blood vessel changes indicated the reaction. The examiner served as Jim Conley in Dr. Wynn Owens' Sunday factory experiment while also being paid by the defense to help subpoena witnesses. The examiner overheard George Kendley express his resentment toward Leo Frank, saying that regardless of whether Leo Frank was guilty or not, someone had to be put to death for the murder of those streetcar drivers, and hanging one nigger was just as good as hanging another. Mr. M.E. Stahl, Miss C.S. Haas and N. Sinkovitz in sur-rebuttal swore for the defendant. Leo Frank was one of five or seven people who would get him, according to M.E. Stahl, who claimed that the conductor, George Kendley, had expressed his feelings toward Leo Frank. If the court cleared Frank, Kendley would be the next one to fall. 90% of the best people in the city believed that Frank was guilty and should be hanged, according to Miss C.S. Haas, who claimed that circumstantial evidence was the best kind of evidence to convict a man on. For the defense in rebuttal, N. Sinkovitz took the oath. He is a pawn broker and is familiar with M.E. McCoy, who recently gave him his watch as collateral.
A public-spirited citizen in 1913 Atlanta felt he should report to the authorities a single man who stated his opinion that Leo Frank was a "damned Jew" and should be hanged. This reveals a culture where such sentiments were scorned and even thought to be outside the bounds of socially acceptable conduct and expression. Leo Max Frank asked to address the court again in the closing moments of the trial, but he was not sworn in, was not sworn under oath, and was not subject to cross-examination. It was forbidden for Dorsey to ask him about it or use it as the basis for questions. The closing arguments made by both the prosecution and defense in the Leo M. Frank trial are the most significant details in this text.
Leo Frank insisted that any witnesses who claimed to have heard him refer to Mary Phagan by name were either lying or mistaken. At the conclusion of the trial, despite several of the young women under his supervision having just finished testifying, he did not spend even a brief moment repeating his claim that he never made lewd advances toward them. Despite this, he did not take the time to reiterate his claim that he never made lewd advances toward the young women under his supervision. We will discuss both the prosecution's and the defense's compelling closing arguments in the trial of Leo M. Frank in the up and coming audiobooks related to this tragic murder mystery.
The Leo Frank trial was the most unconventional occurrence in US legal history. The defendant's admission at the trial's conclusion amounted toward emulating a confessional session that had taken place earlier. The People versus Leo M. Frank murder trial, which lasted a month and took place in Georgia's Fulton County Superior Courthouse in the summer of 1913, included this admission. Leo Frank served as a National Pencil Company executive in Atlanta and as the 500-member Gate City Lodge's 500-member B'nai B'rith official president in 1912. The B'nai B'rith established the Anti-Defamation League, or ADL, as a result of the conviction, which has become now well-known andboth politically influential and extremely significant. The grandstand seats of the most spectacular murder trial in Georgia history were filled with spectators.
Eight defense attorneys were led by Luther Z Rosser, while the prosecution team was made up of three people under the direction of Hugh M. Dorsey, the solicitor general, and Frank Arthur Hooper. As well as Ruben Rose Arnold and Rosser. The Leo Frank trial started on July 28, 1913, and continued for several days, resulting in a series of horrifying revelations. The presiding judge, the Honorable Leonard Strickland Roan, was separated from the jury of twelve white people by the witness stand. Leo Frank's testimony on Monday, August 18, 1913, in the afternoon marked the most intriguing day of the trial, which took place three weeks later. Leo M. Frank's sworn statement would be subject to special conditions and rules, according to Judge Roan. Leo M. Frank's sworn statement was to be made under special circumstances, and Judge Roan outlined those conditions and applicable laws.
250 spellbound people closed ranks and leaned forward in expectation as soon as he climbed the stand. He had a reputation as a gas jet from his college days, and he lived up to it now with verbose, monotonous speech, interruptions for three out of almost four hours, and endless pencil calculations to drive home his main points. Leo Frank showed the jury original pages from his accounting books throughout his almost four-hour speech. The Leo Frank trial, where he was found guilty of killing Mary Phagan on April 26, 1913, is where the majority of the text's most significant details are found. Leo Frank was charged with detailing the accounting calculations he had made on the afternoon of April 26, 1913, in an effort to convince the court that he had been far too busy to have killed Mary Phagan on that day, nearly 15 weeks earlier.
The defense emphasized how long it took Frank to complete the accounting books, but the real issue was: where was Leo Frank between 12:05 and 12:10 p.m? Monteen Stover testified that she discovered Leo Frank's office empty during this five-minute time period on Saturday, April 26, 1913, and the evidence had already established that Mary Phagan was killed between 12:05 and 12:15 p.m. Leo Frank was present in the same factory's metal room, which housed the metals.There weren't many suspects in the building because April 26, 1913, Confederate Memorial Day, was a state holiday in Georgia and the factory and offices were shut down, with the exception of a few workers who came in to collect. Two investigators testified that Leo Frank had never left his office from noon until after 12:45, and if his alibi held up or was valid, he couldn't have killed Mary Phagan. However, April 26, 1913 was a state holiday in Georgia, commemorating the holiday and the factory and offices were closed. Frank claimed that he might have used the restroom during that time after talking about almost irrelevant topics for hours, putting him in the only publish washroom on that floor of the building—the metal room bathroom. This was even more remarkable considering that weeks earlier Leo Frank had firmly and asserted and continuously insisted to the seven-person panel, chaired by Coroner Paul Donohue, that he did not use the restroom during the time of the murder.
Paul Donahue, a coroner who is both visually impaired and a prodigious savant, expressed his expected shock. He was surprised as one might expect. Leo Frank appeared to be attempting to physically and mentally get away from the bathroom where Jim Conley claimed to have discovered the body. Frank finally admitted that he might have used the restroom during that time after rambling on about near-irrelevant topics for hours. This put him in the metal room bathroom, the only restroom on that floor of the building. This was even more remarkable considering that Leo Frank had insisted, weeks earlier, to the seven-person panel, chaired by Coroner Paul Donohue, that he did not use the restroom throughout the day. It appeared as though Leo Frank was making an effort to get as far away as possible from the restroom where Jim Conley claimed to have discovered the body.
At 3:56 p.m., Newt Lee entered the lobby on the second floor. m. Leo Frank requested that I spend two hours out on the town before returning at 6:00 p.m. The double doors halfway up the staircase were locked when Lee arrived back. When Leo Frank attempted to punch in a new timesheet for the night watchman Lee to register, Newt Lee saw his boss bungling and almost fumbling the timesheet on Saturday afternoons when he unlocked the doors and entered Leo Frank's office. It was revealed prior to the trial that Leo Frank had earlier informed Newt Lee that it was a National Pencil Company policy that once the night watchman arrived at the factory, as Lee had done the day of the murder at 4:00 p.m.
The most crucial information in this text is that Leo Frank was not permitted to leave the structure until he had turned over control of security to the day Watchmen company. This was brought on by the lack of resources, the danger of fire, and the high cost of the essential factory equipment. The two-hour timetable used to reschedule the postponed baseball game, the unexpected security rule waiver, the clumsy handling of a new timesheet, the locked double doors, and Frank's eerily animated demeanor were all highlighted by the prosecution. In the testimony of two African American witnesses, Janitor James, Jim Conley, and Leo Frank, a nearly demonic plot to capture the innocent night watchman Newt Lee was made clear. Leo Frank was placed between two layers of African Americans and the murder of Mary Phagan in the intricately designed plot for the twelve white men who would decide his fate.
The most crucial information in this text is that Leo Frank, a Jew who was considered white in the racial segregationist old south, was the one who initially attempted to blame the elderly, married, and unpunished African American Newt Lee for the rape and murder of Mary Phagan. In response to the defense team's intrigue, Jim Conley acknowledged he had assisted the real murderer, Leo Frank, with the clean-up after the fact in order to stop Conley from disclosing any more about the actual resolution to the crime. The new murder theory advanced by the defense team for Leo Frank was that Mary Phagan was attacked by Jim Conley as she descended the stairs from Leo Frank's office. They claimed that after Phagan entered the first floor lobby, she was robbed and then thrown through the two foot by two foot scuttle hole next to the elevator 14 feet to the basement. The Leo Frank trial is where the text's most significant details are found.
Leo Frank and Newt Lee were purposefully left alone in a police interrogation room at the Atlanta police station, where investigators set up a conversation between them. Leo Frank reprimanded Newt Lee for attempting to discuss the murder of Mary Phagan and warned him that if he continued, he and Lee would both enter hell immediately. Jewish opinion has become centered on the idea that Jim Conley, rather than 14-year-old Monteen Stover, who defended Leo Frank's character before accidentally revealing his false alibi, was the trial's key witness. Supporters of Leo Frank downplay the significance of Monteen Stover's trial testimony and Leo Frank's valiant attempt to refute it on August 18, 1913. In his 29-page commutation order from June 21–9, Governor John M. Slayton also disregarded the Stover-Frank incident.
The most crucial information in this text is that many Frank supporters have chosen to downplay the importance of Monteen Stover by focusing solely on Jim Conley and then claiming that Jim Conley's absence prevented Leo Frank from being convicted. Only because no one ever foresaw the significance of Jim Conley telling the jury that he had discovered Mary Phagan dead in the middle room, has this question been left open for speculation. In the September 1915 issue of his magazine Watson's, Tom Watson addressed the "no conviction without Conley" controversy but it's time for a twenty-first century justification to explain why even the Georgia Supreme Court decided that the trial's evidence and testimony upheld Frank's conviction.
Leo Frank's four-hour long unsworn statement served as the trial's climax, and Frank was given the last word before closing arguments. Frank Hoover spoke for five minutes in his own defense without being sworn in, disputing the testimony of others that he knew Mary Phagan by name and had entered the dressing room with another worker of the business for ostensibly immoral purposes. Reiterating his "unconscious visit," he also says. Frank acknowledged in a newspaper interview that was printed in the Atlanta Journal Constitution in March 1914 that he might have visited another area of the building during this time that he couldn't clearly recall. He acknowledged that he didn't realize it would take force to achieve his goal when he followed the child back into the middleroom and that Jim Conley overheard a scream that sounded like a laugh that had been severed into a shriek. The stillness of the quiet building was broken by its sound.
Leo Max Frank, the superintendent of the National Pencil Company, was accused of killing Mary Phagan, a 13-year-old laborer, by the prosecution. Many would contend that the renowned promoter and lawyer in the city, Thomas B. Felder. The defense team was strong, led by Ruben Arnold and Luther Rosser. Felder was secretly working for Frank and his associates as well. Few people anticipated that the defendant, Leo Frank, would soon take the stand and make an admission that was so unbelievable that it was difficult to believe as the defense began its parade of witnesses. Everyone in the audience, including the jury, was still thinking about Jim Conley's prosecution testimony.
Conley acknowledged assisting Frank in moving Mary Phagan's lifeless body from the metal room bathroom on the second floor of the pencil factory to a location in the basement, adding that Frank had asked him to return later and burn the body in exchange for a $200 payment that had been promised. Additionally, he described to a packed courtroom how he had created the "death notes" in the black dialect. The most significant information in this text is that W-W-W. Conley claimed that, at Frank's direction, Frank had acknowledged accidentally killing the girl by hitting her when she rejected his advances. Mary Phagan must have arrived after Montane Stower, not before her, according to Matthews, a motorman for the Georgia Railway and Electric Company who testified that she got off his car at 1210 and was sworn in on behalf of the defense.
To confirm timing, W.T. Hollis, a streetcar conductor, was called W-W-W Matthews. According to Matthews, Mary Phagan boarded his vehicle at Lindsay Street at 11:50 a.m., and their route from Bellwood to English Avenue was followed by Kennedy, Kennedy, and then Gray. To Gray and Jones Avenue and from Jones Avenue to Marietta, Broad Street to Marietta, then out. W-W-W. Matthews was supposed to show up at Marietta and Broad at twelve seven and a half, but they showed up on time and remained on schedule the entire day. Mary Phagan exited at Broad and Marietta; it takes two to three minutes to travel from Broad and Marietta to Broad and Hunter on this busy street. Another motorman took over as the driver at Broad and Marietta, but he remained in the same vehicle and sat down one seat behind Mary Phagan. Around 1210, they arrived at Broad and Hunter. The other young girl and Mary exited the vehicle and made their way to the sidewalk. They got off at Hunter and Broad, which is about a block and a half from the pencil factory. No one got on with Mary at Lindsay Street. The young girl sitting next to her caught the driver's attention for the first time as they were leaving Broad and Marietta streets. Returning to the vehicle, the driver discovered the same young child seated next to her. During the cross-examination, the driver failed to inform one of the detectives that they may have been three or four minutes early that day.
The same girl recognized at the morgue was Mary Phagan, according to the streetcar conductor. When Mary Phagan boarded at Lindsay Street around 11:50 a.m. on April 26, he was on the English Avenue line. He recognized her as the same girl he had seen at the morgue, and several blocks away from where she boarded the bus on English Avenue, he paid her fare. He had no memory of EPS getting into the car that morning. Several blocks away from where she boarded the W.T. Hollis streetcar, on English Avenue, a conductor, recognized Mary Phagan as the same girl he had seen at the morgue and collected her fare.
One of the most crucial information in this audiobook is that Mary Phagan was sitting by herself when she boarded the front end of the car, that Mr. Matthews would inform her that she was late for work today, and that occasionally she would enter the building and express her annoyance at being late. She arrived that morning, and when Mr. Matthews asked her if she was mad, she replied, "Yes, I'm late," and she laughed before getting in the car and sitting down. The other significant information in this text relates to the murder of Mary Phagan, a young girl who was on a car scheduled to arrive in town at seven seven. The text also mentions that Mr. Matthews would tell Mary when she boarded the vehicle, "You are late today," and that occasionally she would come in and comment that she was angry that she was late. Although it is against company policy to arrive early in the city, arriving late is not prohibited. Harry G. Leo Frank's immediate assistant superintendent, Schiff, testified that he had never seen women brought into the office and that Conley had never been seen keeping an eye on Frank.
He claimed that Helen Ferguson had been paid off by him, not Frank, on the Friday before the murder, and that Ferguson had not requested Mary Phagan's pay. This situation demonstrates how crucial accurate watches and clocks were in 1913 and 2013, as well as how accurate they were then. The most significant information in this text is that witnesses like public accountant Joel Hunter and C. backed up Leo Frank's claim that his own testimony was adequate defense. C.E.Pollard. The plant stenographer, Hattie Hall, confirmed that she had worked with Frank until around noon and had clock-out at 2:00. As a result, Jim Conley's testimony that they arrived at the factory at 1245 and that he had gone into Leo Frank's wardrobe to hide from them while they spoke to Frank was refuted by Emma Clark Freeman and Corinthia Hall, who both stated that they had arrived at the factory for a brief visit at 1145. If the women were telling the truth, it would seem that Conley was off by a few hours. The timing of their visit is not important in any way because even its complete absence would have allowed Frank and Conley to move Mary Phagan's body and write the death notes in a few more minutes. The most significant information in this text is that Jim Conley repeatedly changed his story and contradicted himself, and Miss Magnolia Kennedy disputed the assertion that Helen Ferguson had requested Mary's pay. She also stated that she had never seen blood on the floor there prior to the homicide and that the hair that was discovered on the lathe in the metal room matched Mary. In order to demonstrate that Jim Conley had altered his story and repeatedly contradicted himself, the defense also called in Pinkerton detective Harry Scott. Miss Magnolia Kennedy denied Helen Ferguson had requested Mary's pay, but she did concede that Mary's hair matched that found on the lathe in the metal room and that she hadn't noticed any blood on the floor there until after the murder.
The most crucial information in this passage is that Helen Ferguson and Mary were close friends and neighbors, and that Helen didn't ask Mr. Schiff for Mary's money while he was there paying off. Following the swearing-in, Wade Campbell was informed of his interactions on the day of the murder. His testimony about how happy and playful Frank was before noon casts doubt on the bloodspot evidence and Frank's interactions with Conley, contrary to the defense's hopes that he would do so. His testimony about how upbeat and playful Frank was before noon casts doubt on the evidence, contrary to what the defense hoped he would do. This raises questions about the bloodspot evidence and Frank's interactions with Conley.
On Monday, April 28, Wade Campbell, a worker at the Pencil factory, spoke with his sister, Mrs. Arthur White. When she entered the factory on Saturday at 12:00 a.m. and left at 12:30 p.m., she saw a black person sitting at the elevator shaft, she told him. Although she couldn't see anyone, she could hear low voices. On April 26, she arrived at the factory around 9:30 and found Mr. Frank in his exterior office. She had never seen Mr. Frank converse with Mary Phagan. She and Mr. Frank went to the fourth floor on Tuesday, the day after the murder, but she missed seeing the Negro Conly interact with him. When she entered the factory after hearing low voices, she saw the Negro, according to a cross examination. A second look revealed that she visited Mr. Dorsey's office and signed a document that was about 21 pages long. Jim Conley has been seen by the woman twice since the murder reading newspapers on the fourth floor. The most significant information in this text is that Leo Max Frank appeared carefree and jocular in the morning of April 26, 1913. At four o'clock in the afternoon, Newt Lee arrived, unaware that Mary Pagan had passed away and only concerned about a potential downpour.
Lemme Quinn, a factory worker, testified that he had visited the facility and seen Frank in his office around 12:20. However, he hadn't mentioned this visit to anyone until days later, and even Frank had forgotten about it until Quinn came forward. Quinn acknowledged having promised Frank he would bring up the visit if it would be helpful. Indirectly, he indirectly confirmed the time of Miss Halls' and Mrs. Freeman's visit to the factory. Leo Frank was not agitated or tense when he was seen by Harry Denham, who was working on the fourth floor of the pencil factory the day of the murder.The Franks' black cook, Manola McKnight, had earlier admitted in a statement that she had overheard a conversation between the Franks and their wife in which the Franks admitted to killing a girl earlier in the day. Police were alerted to her statement by her husband, but she later recanted it, claiming that her husband was lying and that the only reasons she had signed it were a fear of going to jail and the detective's "third degree" tactics. Several of Frank's friends and acquaintances were called by the defense to attest to his overall good character.
A number of prosecution witnesses testified that Frank had made inappropriate sexual advances toward girls and young women, which gave the prosecution the opportunity to address Frank's character. The jury was given the impression that the defense did not dare to cross-examine any of the young women who gave evidence by their decision to forego doing so. One of the character witnesses for the defense had a pleasant surprise in store: "Miss Irene Jackson, sworn for the defendant, worked at the pencil factory for three years. Mr. Frank's character, as far as I know, was excellent. The only thing the girls ever mentioned about him was that they appeared to be scared of him. He simply approached the door and pushed it open. On two or three occasions, I overheard comments about Mr. Frank using the restroom, but I don't recall anything about it.
My sister was lying down in the room when I learned about his second visit to the changing area. He simply entered, made a turn, and left". The fact that Mr. Frank entered Miss Mamie Kitchen while the narrator was inside and kept quiet is one of the most crucial details in this statement. He kept staring at the girls without ever entering the room but not from the inner office, where he could have seen the girls sign up. The claims that Frank was very direct with the girls who worked for him were supported by Miss Jackson's account. The fact that Mr. Frank never entered the room and simply observed the girls is one of the text's most crucial details. From the outside office, he could have observed the girls signing up, but not from the inside. The accounts of Frank being frank with the girls who worked for him were supported by Miss Jackson's account. The fact that Mr. Frank never entered the room and simply observed the girls is the most crucial information in this passage. Leo Max Frank, the defendant, took the stand on August 18, 1913, to address the jury in his own defense.
He selected the final option, making an untrue statement that could not be cross-examined. Frank made that decision and his top-notch legal team either concurred with it or accepted it weeks in advance, despite the near certainty that it would be viewed negatively by the jury. Frank's speech was a mind-numbing nearly four hours long, and an astounding three of those hours were devoted to recounting the minute particulars of his office work on the day of the murder, primarily his financial entries and accounting book calculations in excruciating detail.
Even though it was almost certain that such a decision would be viewed negatively by the jury, Frank made it anyway, and his top-notch legal team either supported him or agreed with him weeks in advance. Leo Frank had three and a half hours to complete his office work and was the last person who had seen Mary Phagan alive. He had three more hours starting at three thirty, according to both the defense and the prosecution and anywhere from 3:00 p.m. to 06:00 p.m. to perform the necessary work. The goal of Frank's lengthy speech was to persuade his audience that the six and a half hours he had allotted for his calculations would not be sufficient, and that he would also need the noon hour. Why, if this were the case, did he initially intend to depart at 4:00 p.m. with his brother-in-law, to watch a holiday baseball game?
The claim made by Leo Frank that he never knew Mary Pagan's name is absurd. For the entire 52 weeks that Mary Pagan worked for the National Pencil Company, Frank oversaw the payroll and entered the amounts in his accounting books each week. He also wrote Mary Phagan's initials, MP, next to her employee number and pay amount in these books each week. The entire 52 weeks that Mary Phagan worked for the National Pencil Company, he added his own handwritten initials, MP, next to her employee number and pay amount in these books. The factory's floor plans indicate that Mary Phagan worked in the middle room, and the only bathroom on the second floor, where Frank's office was, was in the metal room. In order to get to the restroom, Leo Frank, a frequent coffee user, had to walk directly past Mary Phagan's desk.
During the little over a year that Mary had worked for Frank, the employees put in at least 2860 hours working eleven-hour days, five days a week, and 52 weeks annually. Even if he only went to the restroom once every three hours, he would have passed Mary Phagan over 953 times in that time. Leo M. Frank mentioned quite a few female employees by name when asked by prosecutor Dorsey if he or she knew them or her by name. He also recommended that if he didn't know Mary in some way, J.M. Gantt would be unlikely to know that she was friendly.
In his unsworn statement, Frank continued, "The Author's Note: Mary Phagan left my office and apparently had made it as far as the door from my office leading to the outer office when she evidently stopped and asked me if the medal had arrived, and I told her no. Leo Frank had claimed that he overheard Mary talking to a different girl, a girl who had never shown up. No girl was found who had spoken to or met Mary Phagan at that time despite extensive research and interviews with everyone known to be in the area. The only other girl present, Monteen Stover, testified that she only saw an empty office. According to Frank's unsworn statement, Mary Phagan was fired because some ordered metal had not yet arrived at the factory. Mary Phagan had apparently worked in the metal department based on her question. Frank actually had the gall to imply that Mary Phagan had likely worked in the metal department based on her query. Everything Leo Frank said about the case is seriously called into question by his admission that he didn't know the dead girl by name or by sight.
When first questioned, Frank allegedly confessed to responding "I don't know," according to detectives. If it was I don't know, Leo Frank might have asked Mary Phagan to go with him to the Medal Room, where the prosecution, the police, and the detectives hired by the pencil company claimed the murder occurred. Leo Frank made the most shocking admission of all, or at least the most shocking admission he could make short of a detailed and humbling confession.
The most crucial information in this text is that Leo Frank attempted to lessen the impact of Monte Stover's testimony by speculating that he might have gone to the bathroom or been concealed behind the safe door when she entered. This defense was unconvincing because, even if Frank had been perfectly situated behind the door, a young woman looking for work would probably just glance around it. Additionally, Frank was speculating that he might have been using the restroom—the one in the metal room—when Monte Stover discovered his office vacant and the evidence points to Mary Phagan's murder occurring there very same moment. This was also surprising because only a few weeks prior, Frank had adamantly asserted to the coroner's jury that on the day of the murder, he had not used the restroom once all day. Leo Frank was charged with killing Mary Phagan in the metal room's bathroom.
He acknowledged that he might have visited the restroom the following Monday, when Mary Phagan-looking hair strands and a five-inch bloodstain were discovered. He also acknowledged that he might have gone to the restroom where Conley claimed to have discovered Mary Phagan's battered, strangled, and lifeless body. He also acknowledged that he may have dropped Mary Phagan's body in the hallway where another bloodstain was later discovered after wrapping it in a sack and preparing to carry it to the basement. Although the stain was thought to be very old by the defense, Frank acknowledged that he might have been present at the scene when Mary Phagan was killed. Leo Frank changed his mind because of the impending rain, and his wife was present to see him on April 29, the day he was taken into custody at police headquarters, are the two most crucial facts in this text. He asked Rabbi Marks for advice on whether it would be wise to let his wife visit him on the top floor where he was surrounded by police officers, reporters, and photographers.
Following her husband's arrest, Frank didn't see him for 13 days, which might have been a reaction to her outrage over what she believed to be his alleged infidelity.
Since there are no reports of her making an attempt to see Frank again during those initial days, Frank's claim that she had to be restrained from actually moving into his cell is too extreme to be believed. Despite later retracting her claim, Mrs. Manola McKnight had claimed that Leo Frank told his wife that he had killed a girl the night of the murder.
On his way home that evening, Leo Frank bought a box of candy to reassure his wife Lucille Selig of his love for her despite what he had done. Years later, it was discovered that she left clear instructions for her cremation and scattering of her ashes in a public park rather than being buried in Queens, New York, next to her husband. Frank continued by claiming Conley was never present at the factory or anywhere else on April 26, 1913, that he had no involvement in Mary Phagan's death, and that he had never seen him before. Leo Frank's admission of an "unconscious bathroom visit" was entirely ignored by The Atlanta Constitution and The Atlanta Georgian, which were adopting a pro-Frank editorial stance. It is unlikely that the words "call of nature" or "urinate" were deemed too shocking for the public to read about a brutal, strangulation murder since The Atlanta Journal did include the admission. The allegations that antisemitism was used as justification for Frank's prosecution and conviction will be examined in The Leo Frank Trial's upcoming episode.
The Leo Frank trial ended its second week 100 years ago today. As the Atlanta trial enters its second week, evidence emerges that National Pencil Company executive Leo Frank killed 13-year-old child laborer Mary Phagan. That afternoon and evening, Newt Lee gave a compelling account of Frank's strange behavior. Jim Conley, a plant janitor, testified that he helped Frank, who stood by, while Frank chatted alone with Mary in the office before Mary died unexpectedly. Then help Frank move her body to the basement. James B. Nevin acknowledged that the case against Frank has been impressive thus far and that Jim Conley's testimony and ability to withstand the defense's innuendoes and statements were critical to the outcome of the case.
The State has suggested that Leo Frank may have murdered Mary Phagan and had the opportunity to do so. Jim Conley made one confession after another during his brutal pre-trial police interrogation. Despite his lowness, reticence and reluctance to confess, as well as the apparent contradictions between his initial testimony, investigators and even some skeptical of Conley's claims were ultimately convinced that they had gotten the truth from him. Accompanied by police and factory officials, when Conley was brought back to the scene of the crime, he recounted and re-enacted the events of April 26, 1913, the day of the murder, step by step, following his experience step by step. The details of the account are so detailed, so consistent with the known facts, so precisely aligned with the evidence that Conley could not have known unless he was actually there, and presented so frankly and honestly, that even skeptics would believe it. On Friday, April 25, James Conley had a conversation with Mr. Frank, where he asked her to come to the pencil factory at 8:30 Saturday morning to work on the second floor. He has been with the pencil company for a little over two years, so it is too early for Mr. Frank to want him to do anything for him.
On Saturday morning, Mr. Frank and the narrator arrived at the door at the same time, and Mr. Frank asked the narrator to watch him. The narrator is always on the first floor watching Mr. Frank while he and a young lady are talking on the second floor. At Thanksgiving, a tall lady arrives, and the narrator becomes Mr. Frank downstairs, watching in the doorway. Last year, April 26, 1912, when a lady came, the narrator was told to lock the door and push with his foot so they would know it was her. When the lady came, he stomped his foot and the narrator went to lock the door. On Thanksgiving Day 1912, the narrator is told to blow the whistle and open the door.
The narrator heard Mr. Frank whistle and unlock the door. He was standing at the top of the stairs with a long rope in his hand and was shaking from everything. He asked the narrator if he had just seen the little girl passing by, and the narrator said he had. The narrator then hits the little girl, who falls and hits her head on something. The narrator is not as resistant as the other men, because they had seen Frank two or three times before Thanksgiving in the office, the lady sitting in a chair covered up to the body, and him kneeling on the ground with his hands in the master.
On April 26, the narrator met Mr. Frank at the door, and he asked the narrator to watch him. The narrator is standing on the corner of Nelson and Forsyth Street when Mr. Frank walks by. The narrator was standing on the corner, and Mr. Frank walked down Forsyth Street to Nelson Street. Mr. Frank asked the narrator if he was there and the narrator said he was. Then Mr. Frank came out of Nelson Street and went down Forsyth Street to the pencil factory. The narrator follows and a young man stands on the sidewalk with a paper bag and takes something out of a box. Mr. Frank and the narrator meet at Curtis' Drugstore on the corner of Mitchell and Forsyth Streets. Mr. Frank stopped the narrator at the door and asked the narrator to push the box over the trash can and sit on it.
Mr. Frank then tells the narrator to close the door and goes upstairs to the master Daly's office to borrow money. The narrator does as he is told and Mr. Frank punches the narrator in the chest. The narrator refuses to let Mr. Daly see her, and the narrator decides not to let him see her. Mr. Frank climbed up and told the narrator to open his eyes. Then the narrator sees Mr. Daly, Miss Maddie Smith, The Lady Who Works on the Fourth Floor, A Black Man, Draymond and Mr. Holloway descends the stairs. Mr. Holloway put on his glasses and walked over to the sidewalk cart, note in hand. The narrator then sees a woman working on the fourth floor, a black man named Draymond, and Mr. Holloway descends the stairs. The narrator then also sees a black man and mr. Holloway descends the stairs. The most important detail in this passage is that when the narrator falls asleep, Mr. Daly, Mr. Holloway, Mary Perkins, Mr. Quinn, Miss Monte Stover and Mr. Frank everyone here. Mr. Daly comes down and leaves, Mr. Holloway comes down and goes, Miss Mary Perkins comes down and goes, Mr. Quinn comes down and goes, Miss Monternstover comes down and goes, Mr. Frank hits the girl on the head. The narrator then locked the door and sat in the box for a moment before Mr. Frank whistled.
The narrator heard Mr. Frank whistle and unlock the door. He was standing at the top of the stairs with a long rope in his hand and was shaking from everything. He asked the narrator if he had just seen the little girl passing by, and the narrator said he had. The narrator then hits the little girl, who falls and hits her head on something. The narrator is not as resistant as the other men, because they had seen Frank two or three times before Thanksgiving in the office, the lady sitting in a chair covered up to the body, and him kneeling on the ground with his hands on the young lady.
Jim and the narrator are walking near the second floor of a building when a man tries to get out of his car and falls on top of them. He then took the key back to his office and left the box unlocked. The narrator follows him into his private office, where he begins to rub his hands and brush his hair. After a while Emma Clarke and Corinthia Hall came in and Jim was put in the closet. Then Mr. Frank came and told Jim that he was in trouble, but that he was all right.
Then he gave Jim a pack of cigarettes and a pack of matches, and Jim lit one and began to smoke. The narrator then hands him a cigarette case, which he puts back in his pocket. Finally he asked Jim if he could write a little. The narrator offers to help Mr. Frank because he is white and is his supervisor. Mr. Frank dictated notes to the narrator, who went out of his way to help him. Mr. Frank asked the narrator to turn it over and write it, and the narrator turned it over and wrote it on the next page. Mr. Frank then pulls out a roll of dollar bills and hands the narrator $200. The narrator asked Mr. Frank if he could burn the package on the stove, and he refused.
The narrator then asked Mr. Frank if he could burn the package on the stove, and he refused. The narrator then asked Mr. Frank if he could burn the package on the stove, and he refused. The narrator then asked Mr. Frank if he could burn the package in front of the stove. Mr. Frank sat back in his chair and turned to look at the money. He folded his arms and looked up at the ceiling. The narrator asks him why he hanged himself, and he replies that he has rich people in Brooklyn. The narrator then asks him to come back tonight and arrange the money. He's going home for dinner and the commentator will be back in about 40 minutes. If the narrator does not return, he will drop these items with the body. The narrator will return in about 40 minutes.
The narrator goes to the brewery across the street and pulls out two bills and two quarters. He bought a doubleheader and asked another colored man if he wanted a beer. He then went south on Forsyth Street to Mitchell, and Mitchell went to Davis, where he owed a penny to the Jew across the street. Then he went home and gave a little girl a crown and a shilling to buy sausage and wood. She stays so long that when she returns, the narrator says that he will make a sausage and eat it, then go back to Mr. Frank's house.
The most important detail in this passage is the dialogue between the narrator and Mr. Frank. The narrator was arrested on Thursday, May 1st, and Mr. Frank told the narrator what to write in the memo on State's Exhibit A. The narrator dumped the girl's body in state document A and was arrested on Thursday, May 1. Mr. Frank told the narrator to come back in 40 minutes and burn the boxes on the second floor. The notes are kept in Mr. Frank's private office, and the narrator never knows what happened to the notes they left at home that morning. On Thanksgiving Day, the narrator notices a clock in a beer hall on the corner of Mitchell Street that reads nine past ten. The narrator is 27 years old and worked for Dr. Palmer's Orr Stationery Company SS. Gordon, Adams Woodward and Dr. Honeywell. He had never seen a cradle or a bed in the basement.
On Thanksgiving, Mr. Frank led him into his office. For the first time, he refused to write a letter to the police and also refused to write a cross-examination. He is 27 years old and worked for Dr. Palmers Orr Stationery Company SS. Dr. Gordon, Adams Woodward and Honeywell found their first job at Mr. SM eleven years ago. Truitt. He could not write his name, nor read, nor write, nor read a newspaper. He could write the words school, collar, shirt, shoes and hat, as well as the simplest words. He does not write father, jury, judge or socks. He never attended school past the first grade and attended school for about a year. The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator can write day, beer, and whiskey.
They can also count to eight and twelve. They have worked for Truitt, Coates, Woodward, Honeywell, Press Club, Stationery Company, Dr. Palm and pencil factory. They were employed by Herbert Schiff in a pencil factory, and were paid their wages by Mr. Gant and Mr. Frank. The narrator often asks others to withdraw money for them, such as Gordon Bailey. This is because the narrator owes some boys around the factory to pay them. The tellers leave the factory at 11:30 a.m. for Snowball to cash out for them. This is because some of them owed it to them, some owed it to the narrator and wanted them to pay it back first and then pay it back. The counter is attracted to what they draw, the counter draws $6.05 and snowballs $6.05. Commenters were asked how much they smoke, but said it was none of their business.
The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator hid their money from Walter Pride, the firemen, and two or three others. Instead of trying not to pay them, the narrator settles with them by taking them to a beer hall and buying twice what they get. If they paid, the narrator would take them to a beer hall, buy them a double liquor, and if they could get out before they were seen, they would disappear. The narrator has never seen a night shift in a factory, and the narrator has never seen a night shift in a factory. The most important details in this passage are that the narrator sees the young Mr. Kendrick came to collect money from Mr. Frank at 2:00 a.m. on a Saturday morning, and the narrator sees Newt Lee coming to collect money from Mr. Frank Saturdayat 02:30.
Another lady went out to fetch a young man, Mr. Dalton and they went upstairs to Mr. Frank's office where they were for 10 or 15 minutes. They didn't go out and James said ok. About an hour later, Mr. Frank downstairs. The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator opens the trap door so that the ladies and gentlemen can descend into the cellar. The narrator knows where they are going because Mr. Frank tells them to watch. Mr. Dalton hands the narrator a quarter, then walks out laughing, and the lady climbs the stairs. After their departure, Mr. Frank descends and hands the narrator a quarter. Next Saturday, the narrator expects him around noon. He asked the commentators what they did for him on Saturday and wanted them to be smart this Saturday.
The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator Gordon Bailey supervised Mr. Frank and Mr. Dalton from their fourth-floor office the winter before Thanksgiving. The narrator was standing by the clock when Mr. Frank extended his finger and bowed to them. He then gives the narrator a half dollar to watch over them. The next time the narrator waits for Mr. Frank and Mr. Dalton is Thanksgiving. The narrator meets Mr. Frank at about 08:00 that morning and is told that a woman will be in the office later and they want to chat.
After about half an hour, the lady arrived. The narrator does not know the woman's name, but she is wearing a green suit. The narrator then searches for Mr. Frank and Mr. Dalton in the fourth floor office in the winter before Thanksgiving. The narrator on Mr. In Frank's office two or three nights before Thanksgiving. When she enters, the narrator closes the door and turns the night lock. After an hour and a half, Mr. Frank unlocked the door and said everything was fine. The narrator then asks if the Negro is the best Negro he has ever met. Mr. Frank called the narrator into his office and gave the narrator $1.25. The lady wears a blue skirt with white spots, white slippers and white stockings, a gray cropped coat with velvet panels on the sides, and a large black hat with a large black feather. The narrator leaves shortly before 12:00.
The most important detail in this passage is the narrator's search for a young man and two women at 7:30 a.m. on a Saturday morning. Gordon Bailey told the narrator that they could make a fortune with this guy. Gentlemen and ladies arrive around 02:30 or 03:00 and stay for about 2 hours. The narrator does not know the two ladies and cannot describe what they are wearing. The man was tall, thin and well built, a large man who had been seen talking to Holloway at the factory. The narrator does not remember what they did on the Saturday before Thanksgiving, the Saturday after Thanksgiving, the Saturday before Thanksgiving, or the Saturday after Thanksgiving. The narrator has no idea what they did the following Saturday. The narrator has been in prison 3 times since working at the pencil company. The first time is in September, the second in October, and the third in November. The narrators have been to prison 3 times since working at the pencil company, and can no longer remember the dates of each. The narrators have been to prison 3 times since working at the pencil company, and can no longer remember the dates of each. The narrators have been to prison 3 times since working at the pencil company, and can no longer remember the dates of each.
The narrator has been imprisoned three or four times in the last four or five years, and seven or eight times in the last four or five years. Snowman and the narrator once drank beer together in the building, but the narrator never got drunk in the factory. Mr. Frank used to laugh at the tellers, the last blacks to find work there. Snowmen, firemen and commentators were the last blacks to find work there. Mr. Frank used to laugh with the narrator, they played with the narrator and kept playing. Mr. Schiff and Mr. Holloway saw him joking with the narrator, who had worked at the factory for two years. Mr. Daly wanted to provoke the narrator and beat him up, while Mr. Schiff told jokes with the narrator. Snowflakes stood next to the narrator when Mr. Frank entered the elevator and told him to follow. Miss Daisy Hopkins worked on the fourth floor in 1912, and the narrator sees her working from June 1912 until around Christmas. Miss Daisy was a short, stout, light-skinned lady, about twenty-three years of age. She gives the narrator a note to write down and give to Mr. Daly. The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator has never seen Mr. Dalton except at the factory, and he has seen him somewhere in January.
The last time he saw him he was in the basement with a woman and the detectives took him to the police building and asked if he had been seen inside. The narrator remembers seeing Mr. Holloway at the factory on Thanksgiving, but he got sick two Saturdays in June. The narrator also remembers seeing Mr. Schiff and Daly at the factory on Thanksgiving, but they don't remember when they left. The narrator does not know if anyone was working at the factory on Thanksgiving. They are back in the metal department, but not to the right where the machines are. They swept the second floor, but not the metal department. They never went to Mr. Quinn's office and didn't put disinfectant in my ladies and gentlemen's wardrobes. They had also washed lead on Mr. Quinn's office and pasted the bill shadows. The narrator has been there 3 times before Christmas and can see people walking up the stairs if he pays attention to them.
The most important detail in this passage is that before the narrator left the factory at 530 on Friday, the factory stopped and beat them as they walked out. He left without taking out the money and owed the guard a dollar, so he asked Mr. Holloway to let Snowball take it out for him. Snow White drew it for him and met him at a shoe store on the corner of Alabama and Forsyth Streets. He gives the narrator $3.75. The narrator was arrested on May 1, and someone was sent to bring Mr. Black down. When they made their first statement on May 18, they refused to visit the factory. The narrator was arrested on May 1, and someone was sent to bring Mr. Black down. They did not question it for two or three hours.
The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator wrote something before the first statement, telling Black that they bought whiskey around 1030 Peter Street and paid $0.40. They also said that they went to Buda's Tavern and saw some negroes throw dice on the table and buy beer. Detectives spoke with the teller almost every day after the initial statement, and on May 24, when the statement was published in the newspaper, the teller sent for Blake. The narrator tells Blake that he will tell him some things, but that he won't tell him everything now, he will tell him some of it and keep some of it from him. Scott and Blake were there.
The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator told Mr. Black on May 24 that they helped move a little girl and that they were hiding something in the lower basement. The storytellers also wrote notes on Friday, but they were never told their stories were inappropriate. They didn't talk to the caller all day about why they changed the announcement from Friday to Saturday. The narrator says that on Saturday because they were at the factory on Saturday and the blame for their absence on Saturday falls on the narrator. The narrator told the officers that they had written a note to Mr. Frank and that they were up at 09:00 because there was nothing to do at the factory that day. They had steak, liver and sausage and a slice of liver for breakfast and were given tea and bread. They get up at 6am and don't remember anything else they were told. The narrator does not want them to know that they have written any notes to Mr. Frank.
The narrator tells about how he goes to Pēteras Street after two beers and then beats a man on the neck for beer. They also talk about buying whiskey between 10 and 30, but that's not true. The narrator also talks about not going out at 9:00 and having four detectives talk to them at the same time. The narrator then tells the detective that he will tell the whole truth. The narrator talks about how they changed history when they broke out of prison and returned to headquarters.
They told stories of how they drank four or five beers and bought two for Mr. Earl's Beer Hall on Saturday morning. They also mentioned that their beer at Mr. Earl's Beer Salon on Saturday morning, but it wasn't any wine. The narrator also mentioned that after they left Mr. Frank at the factory, they went straight from Peter Street to the Capital Laundry. The narrator also mentions that they started doing laundry after they left Mr. Frank at the factory. The narrator also mentioned that after they left Mr. Frank at the factory, they went straight from Peter Street to the Capital Laundry. The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator met Mr. Frank at the corner of Nelson and Forsyth streets before going to the factory, and the narrator told the police saying "Aha!". The narrator also told the officers that he was at the Montagu home for about 20 minutes, and the narrator did not tell Mr. Starnes, Mr. Campbell, Mr. Blake, or Mr. Scott that he was at the Montague home for about 20 minutes. The narrator also told the officers that he was at the Montagu home for about 20 minutes, and the narrator did not tell Mr. Starnes, Mr. Campbell, Mr. Blake, or Mr. Scott that he was at the Montagu home for about 20 minutes. The narrator also told the officers that he stopped by the Montagu house for about 20 minutes and that the narrator did not tell the gentleman. Starnes, Mr. Campbell or Mr. Blake. The most important detail in this passage is that the narrator tells the detectives that they want the narrator to look after Mr. Frank when they return to the factory, and they tell them to move the body, for the first time since returning from the Montagues The person who saw the factory was Miss Maddie Smith .
The narrator also tells the investigators that the first person they saw going to the factory after returning from Montagues was Miss Maddie Smith. The narrator also tells the detectives that the first person they saw coming to the factory after returning from the Montagues was Mr. Daley. The narrator also tells the detectives that the first person they saw coming to the factory after returning from the Montagus was Mr. Daley. The narrator also tells the detectives that the first person they saw coming to the factory after returning from the Montagues was Mr. Daley. They misled the officers when they claimed that they first noticed them going up after returning from Montague's. Mr. Darley left the factory at around 11:30, immediately after they returned from Montagues.
Prior to Mr. Darley's departure, Mr. Holloway and the peg-legged Negro went upstairs and returned. The officers were then told that Mr. Quinn had entered, but this was untrue. The narrator erred because a woman wearing green did ascend before Mr. Darley descended. Mr. Holloway was followed by Mr. Quinn in ascending. The speaker's errors are the most significant details in this text. They erred when they told the police that Miss Monteen Stover arrived after Mr. Quinn.
Additionally, they erred when they informed Mr. Black, Mr. Scott, and Miss Maddie Smith that they were the only ones to go up at all. The speaker also made a mistake by informing Mr. Black and Mr. Scott that only Miss Maddie Smith, Darley Holloway, and the woman in green had actually stood up. In addition, the speaker made a mistake by informing Mr. Scott and Mr. Black that only Miss Maddie Smith, Darley Holloway, and the woman in green had gone up. The speaker also made a mistake by informing Mr. Black and Mr. Scott that only Miss Maddie Smith, Darley Holloway, and the woman in green had actually stood up. Last but not least, the speaker erred by informing the officers that only Miss Maddie Smith, Darley Holloway, and the woman in green had gone up at all. The most crucial information in this passage is that the narrator visited Mr. Dorsey's office three times, and that it took him seven attempts to understand the narrator's testimony. Additionally, the narrator has visited Mr. Dorsey's office three times, and he has spoken with the narrator seven times in order to clarify his testimony.
The narrator also heard the stamping and scream before the door was locked. They heard the stamping and scream as they descended to unlock it. Mr. Frank on both that day and Thanksgiving Day, demonstrated how to lock the door. Each door was unlocked when they descended to leave. When a young woman would eventually be up there to chat, Mr. Frank instructed them not to let Mr. Darley see them around the door so they could keep an eye out for her.
During the hours of ten and ten thirty, Mr. Frank visited Montagues and stayed for about an hour. Why the narrator was to meet him at Nelson and Forsyth Street was not disclosed to the police. The narrator received the signal from Mr. Frank to stamp and whistle on Thanksgiving Day, and he reiterated it that day. About five minutes had passed since they arrived home from Montague's when the woman in the green dress stood up.
The peg-legged black man left the upper level and descended with Mr. Holloway. Five to ten minutes after Mr. Holloway, Darley also descended. Before Montana Stower and Mary Phagan entered, Mr. Quinn and the woman in the green dress descended from the ceiling, followed by Mr. Holloway. The narrator is certain that only Mary Phagan entered after Mr. Quinn. They entered and exited almost simultaneously. Mrs. Barrett, Corinthia Hall, Hattie Hall, Alonzo Mann, Emma Clark, or Mrs. White didn't enter there at any point that day, according to the narrator. The narrator spent the entire time sitting on the box and only got up twice to make water. The narrator heard the scream before they fell asleep, and Miss Montane Stower came down. The narrator then explained to Mr. Starnes and Mr. Campbell about a person who ran back on tiptoes and woke them up stamping. The narrator then informed Mr. Dorsey, Mr. Starnes, and Campbell of Mr. Frank's anxious and trembling position at the top of the stairs. Mr. Frank was holding that cord when the narrator reached the top of the stairs.
The narrator isn't sure when they first came clean about Mr. Frank hitting the young girl. When they revealed to Black and Scott that they were being truthful, they omitted to mention that Mr. Frank had struck the young girl. Returning to the stairs, the narrator discovered the cord around the victim's neck. It was four minutes to one when they turned to face the time. Then, after going back to get some striped bedtick, the narrator spread it out, rolled the young girl in it, and tied it.
They bound the cloth around her before placing her inside it. The narrator gave it their all. The narrator wrote four notes before leaving the factory as opposed to just two, which is one of the text's most crucial details. On white and green pieces of paper, the narrator also wrote three notes, which Mr. Leo Frank folded up as if he wasn't going to use them. Additionally, because Scott and Black had been removed from the case, the narrator didn't inform them of the body's burning. Additionally, because Scott and Black had been removed from the case, the narrator didn't inform them of the body's burning. Additionally, because someone had taken Scott and Black off the case, the narrator didn't inform them of the body's burning. The next most crucial information in this piece is that the narrator does not recall telling the officers that Mr. Frank had told him he was going to send those notes to his family up north if they had made it down there, and that he was going to write to his mother and tell her that he was an honorable black man. On Monday, the narrator avoided reading any newspapers about the crime and instead washed his shirt in the metal room around 01:30 or 02:00 in response to Mr. Frank's explanation of where he wanted to meet him.
The two white men who approached Mr. Frank in his office that day and a man by the name of Mincy at the intersection of Carter and Electric Avenue were not observed by the narrator. The narrator failed to inform Harley Branch that Mary Phagan had been murdered in the second-floor bathroom or that the body was stiff when they returned. Miss Carson, Miss Mary Pierk, Mr. Herbert Schiff, Miss Small, or Miss Fuss were not informed of Mr. Frank's innocence by the narrator. They also don't recall telling Miss Small, Miss Small, or Miss Fuss that they believed Mr. Frank was as pure as an angel in heaven. The narrator has been detained numerous times for rock throwing, altercations with black boys, disorderly behavior involving alcohol, and subsequent altercations; however, he has never engaged in physical conflict with a white person. The narrator was taken by police to the jail and to Mr. Frank's door, but he never got a chance to see him there. The narrator last encountered Mr. Frank in the station house before their conversation. He took the narrator's pencil and instructed them to rub out the word "Negro.".
After Mr. Frank returned from the basement, they observed Mary Phagan's pocketbook or mesh bag in his office. The narrator and Mr. Scott spoke for about three and a half hours. Mr. Frank warned the narrator on a Thursday that if they caught him, he would be expelled from this place. Before meeting Mincy at the station house in Mr. Lanford's office, the narrator had never seen him before. Mr. Frank used to write the word "luxury" for the narrator after he was released from prison because he had known for a full year that he could write.
The most significant information in this passage is that Leo Frank referred to Conley's testimony as "the most vile and amazing pack of lies ever conceived in the perverted brain of a wicked human being.". Conley provided a wealth of new information about Leo Frank's conversations with young women, admitted that he had been occasionally confused, and admitted to lying in his first two statements to protect both himself and Frank.
Conley's new haircut and fresh outfit were described at one point by Luther Rosser, the attorney for Frank, as having been "put on him so the jury could see him like a dressed up nigger possibly inflaming racial feelings among the all white jury." The most crucial information in this text is that Conley was an uneducated, illiterate man who refused to back down from his most damning accusations against Leo Frank, even after being cross-examined for more than 13 hours by the best lawyers money could buy.
In his testimony, he claimed that Frank told him he wanted to be with a young girl, hit her too hard, causing her to fall and hit her head against something, and that she as a result was injured. Frank had a thin, light physique and the implication that he might strike a girl and never imagine the blow could seriously harm her, but later medical testimony would show no physical abnormalities in him. Helen Ferguson testified that Frank refused to give Mary's pay to Mary's friend who had offered to take it to her the day before the murder, indicating that Frank wanted to make sure Mary would come to him personally in his office the following day. On Friday, April 25, at around 7:00 p.m., the narrator approached Mr. Frank and requested Mary Phagan's money.
Mr. The narrator turned around and walked out after Frank said he couldn't let him have it. Some members of the office staff were present when the narrator requested Mary's money, but they can't recall their names. Doctor Henry F. went after Conley. With additional autopsy evidence showing that the murder had occurred around noon on April 26, Harris was called back to the witness stand. The only murderers who could have been Frank o,r were as Dr. Harris' words made abundantly clear, were they and not Newt Lee. Conley and the bloody shirt discovered in Newt Lee's garbage can.
C. B. Dalton's testimony corroborated Conley's claim that he had been watching for Frank during his trysts with young girls. Dalton had been to the office of Leo M. Frank two or three times and the National Pencil Company three, four, or five times. Conley and the night watchman were there when he arrived, but Conley was not there. Though he didn't recognize them, he observed some parties in the office.
Conley had been there a few times on Saturday nights and once this year. When he descended the ladder with Miss Daisy Hopkins, he noticed Conley sitting there at the front door. In the cellar, he observed an old cot and a stretcher. Ten years ago, the narrator moved to Atlanta, and she hasn't left the city for more than a week at a time. Between September and December, they observed a Negro night watchman there and saw Mr. Frank around 2:00 in the afternoon. They have walked home from the factory with Miss Smith and Miss Laura Atkins after 20 years of residing in Walton County. They gave Jim Conley a few quarters and observed Mr. Frank drinking beer, Coca-Cola, lemonade, and lime in his office during the day. The first cousin of John Dalton and the narrator is Andrew Dalton. The narrator is the Dalton who admitted to stealing in Walton County in 1894 and went to the chain gang. Others made payments. How long they were in service is unknown to the narrator.
The most crucial information in this passage is that Dalton was charged with corn theft and put on trial in Gwinnett County for aiding in the theft of a cotton bale. When he got into a fight with a hammer and plow stock in 1899, he and the two Dalton boys were both intoxicated. In Gwinnett County, he was charged with aiding in the theft of a bale of cotton and was also accused of stealing corn, but he was exonerated.
Pinkerton agent Harry Scott was one of many witnesses called or asked to testify again in order to further explain statements made earlier in the trial. According to Harry Scott's account, Conley was keeping an eye out for Frank, who, in accordance with the prosecution's theory, was waiting to attack Mary Phagan, at the bottom of the stairs close to the front door. He provided the police with that information but never asked Frank or any other employee of the pencil factory if Conley could write. He was present when Conley gave his testimony on May 18. The most crucial information in this passage is that Conley, a tall, long-haired black man, wrote a written statement on May 18.
Conley began writing the words slowly on May 18 after receiving a dictation from the author. He was smoking a cigarette while chewing his lips when he was brought before Mrs. White. He vehemently denied both being at the factory and being involved in Mary Phagan's murder. On May 24, he made a second, written statement. On that day, he was carried into Mr. Dorsey's office where they discussed the statement. To everything in the statement, he gave his word. We went there together after he sent for Mr. Black.
We spent about three hours asking him very probing questions. We saw him again on May 27 in Chief Lanford's office, and on May 25 he repeated the narrative he had provided in his May 24 statement. Chief Lanford and the author made an effort to convince Frank that he would not have written those notes on Friday on May 28. Frank said he had spoken the truth and would not add anything. On May 28, Chief Lanford and the author interrogated him for five or six hours in an effort to clarify a few of the outlandish claims he had made. Then, on May 28, Defendants Exhibit 38, Frank made a lengthy statement in which it was stated that his prior statement could not be accepted because it showed deliberation. Montane Stover, Mary Phagan, or Lemme Quinn Conley were never mentioned in any of his conversations with them. Around 11:30 on Tuesday, Frank was taken into custody. Defendants Exhibit 39 is Conley's final statement, which was made on May 29. He asserted that he had never observed the small mesh bag, the parasol, or Frank's stumbling as he exited the elevator on the street level and struck him. The author has not spoken with or seen Conley since that time. He denied knowing anything about the feces that were down in the elevator shaft in the basement, and he never claimed to have gone there himself between the time he first arrived at the factory and went to Montagues.
The most crucial information in this text is that the man never claimed that he believed the young girl's name was Mary Perkins, that he saw the young girl's dead body, that he heard a woman scream, that he did not hear any stamping, that he held a cord in his hand at the top of the stairs, that he appeared odd around his eyes or that his face was red, that he returned there and discovered the young girl with a rope around her neck and a
and a piece of underclothing, or that he went back to Mr Frank and told him the girl was dead, or that he wrapped her in a piece of cloth.
The most crucial information in this passage relates to the conversation Mr. Frank had with Conley on Tuesday following the murder, during which Mr. Frank claimed that there wouldn't have been any issues if Conley had returned on Saturday and followed his instructions. Conley received a paper and a pencil from the narrator on May 18 on a Sunday at Chief Lanford's office. Conley claimed he couldn't write, but the narrator persuaded him otherwise, and he went on to write Redirect Examination. The narrator learned that Conley could write from sources entirely unrelated to the pencil company, with whom they had first spoken about Mrs. White's claim that she had seen a black person there.
The narrator also learned who the pencil company first spoke with about Mrs. White's claim that she saw a black person there from outside sources wholly unrelated to the pencil company. The conversations the author had with Black, Chief Lanford, and Bass Rosser soon after April 28 are the most crucial details in this text. Conley finished speaking, and Chief Beavers, Lanford, and Bass Rosser went to the jail with him to see the sheriff. On Saturday, May 3, the author last saw Frank. Conley had altered his story several times to protect himself and Frank, who had offered to help him flee town if he kept quiet, according to Scott's Grilling, which the defense used to their advantage. Leo Frank took the stand, and as he did so, he made a startling confession that neither the defense nor anyone else in Atlanta was prepared for.
The testimony of night watchman Newt Lee, who had discovered 13-year-old Mary's body in the basement of the pencil factory during his nightly rounds in the early morning hours of April 27, 1913, provides the most crucial details of Leo Frank's trial for the murder of Mary Phagan. The entirety of Lee's testimony has been preserved as part of the Leo Frank trial brief of evidence, all of which was supported by data that was deemed reliable by both the prosecution and the defense during the appeals process.
The majority of information about the Frank trial that was then currently available is stridently pro-Frank and derivative, which means that it largely consists of cherry-picked paraphrases and interpretations of what witnesses said and what reporters and investigators learned during those crucial days. The Mercury will start by presenting the entire testimony obtained during Newt Lee's direct and cross examination in order to fill in some of these purposeful omissions.
Before the trial started, there had been an attempt to frame Lee using a bloody shirt that had been planted, but subsequent events showed that Lee was completely innocent, and by the time of the trial, he was not even the slightest bit under suspicion, so he had no known reason to lie. Newt Lee was working as a night watchman at the National Pencil Factory on April 26, 1913. He had to return on Friday, April 25, at 5:00 a.m. after spending three weeks there. He was paid off Friday night, and the front door wasn't locked on Saturday. Mr. Frank hands him the keys at noon on Saturdays when he leaves for work and gives them back at 8 am on Mondays. On Saturday, he used his keys to unlock the locked front door.
He carried a bag of bananas up the stairs and, as usual, stood to the left of the desk. Rubbing his hands together, Mr. Frank approached, apologizing for calling him so soon. They should go out and have a good time, the narrator tells Mr. Frank. They are instructed to stay for an hour and a half and return at 6:00. The narrator leaves and stays until four minutes and six seconds later. The doors are unlocked when they return.
It took Mr. Frank twice as long as it did the other times to change the flip. He fumbled with inserting the lever, which the narrator is holding for him. The narrator punches Mr. Frank and continues downstairs as he inserts the tape. Mary Phagan has a friend named Mr. Gantt who used to work in a pencil factory. He approached Newt from across the street from the beer bar and requests to have a pair of worn-out shoes repaired upstairs. When Mr. Frank exits the room, he unexpectedly collides with Gantt. Frank identifies the old shoes as being tans and black when Gantt says he has a pair upstairs. Gantt and Newt ascend there, where they discover them in the shipping room. About an hour after leaving that night, Mr. Frank called Newt. It's his first call to him on a Saturday night or at all, and he doesn't inquire about Gantt. Just beyond the building entrance, there is a light on the street level. In order for the officers to see in when they pass by, Mr. Frank instructed the narrator to keep the basement light burning bright. The narrator always arrived an hour earlier on Saturdays and released the subject an hour later. On April 26, the light was flickering as dimly as it could go, much like a lightning bug.
When the narrator arrived on Saturday, the elevator doors on the street floor and office floor were locked. The body was located in the basement when 03:00 rolled around. He went to the restroom and checked the dustbin from behind the door to see how it was. He went there after picking up a lantern and saw something that made him think that some of the boys had left it there to frighten him. He eventually moved a small distance in its direction, looked at what it was, and left. The fact that the narrator called the police station and discovered Mr. Frank's body is the most crucial information in this audiobook.
When the police arrived, the narrator was still trying to get Mr. Frank on the phone. The narrator witnessed Mr. Frank entering the office on a Sunday morning, but he just looked at the ground and avoided eye contact. A conversation between the narrator and Mr. Frank took place at the station house on Tuesday, April 29, after which they bound him to a chair. When the narrator enquired as to whether Mr. Frank thought the narrator was responsible for the crime, he responded that he thought the narrator knew something about it. That Saturday, Mr. Frank left his office looking down and rubbing his hands. Before cross-examination, the narrator had never observed him rubbing his hands in that manner.
Mr. Frank jumped back and held his head down when he saw Mr. Gantt, according to the narrator's testimony at the coroner's inquest. He hid the fact that he had given one of Mr. Gantt's shoes to one of the boys from the coroner. The narrator typically arrives at the factory on Saturdays at 12:00, but this time Mr. Frank instructed them to leave by 4:00. The coroner was also informed by the narrator that he was looking down when he left his office and that there was a place for him to sleep within the structure. The elevator and the basement were both immediately accessible when the narrator entered the factory through the front door.
By the time the narrator returned on Saturday around 6:00, all of the doors had been unlocked. The factory is a huge, sprawling, old place, and the doors are never shut, which are the two most crucial details in this text. All of the shutters and blinds were shut that day, with the exception of two or three on the first floor, which were shut that evening. Two clocks, one punching to 100 and the other to 200, are present. Mr. Gantt and Mr. Frank had a problem, and Mr. Frank had instructed Mr. Gantt to keep Lee away from the area. Lee punched both of them in response. Lee continued upstairs while Mr. Gantt entered the beer saloon.
The narrator left the factory at 06:30 and passes the engine room, the women's locker room, and the basement every half hour. Mr. Frank instructed the narrator to check the building every half hour and watch for the trash can and the back door. The narrator is close enough to the door to see that it is closed and that there is light in front of the door, but no light between the case and the door. When the police arrived, the narrator is close to the door and sees that it is closed, with a light ahead. When the narrator found the body, the back door closed.
The first time the narrator descended into the basement is at 7:00 AM. The narrator searched for a body in a closet on the second floor, one on the third, and one on the fourth. When they saw the body, they went back into the closet to see if there was a fire in the trash can. The docent is 20 or 25 feet from the hole in the skylight and has to walk at least 10 feet to see if there is a fire in the dumpster. If they don't find the body, the narrator walks on, but the closest they get to the body is about 6 feet. The narrator is sitting in a closet when they see a white woman lying on her back with her face to one side. When the police arrived they said it was a white girl. The narrator reported to police that it was a white female. Frank had asked the narrator to call the police and fire department if anything serious happened. The narrator at the coroner's hearing said that Mr. Frank played the tape longer this time than before.
The narrator held the handle and must move it back and forth to apply the tape. Police found a note in the basement that said a tall, dark, slim black man had tried to bury it overnight. When the cops read the note, the narrator said that they must have tried to force it upon him. When Mr. Frank came out and rubbed his hands, he went from the inner office to the outer office and from there to the clock. Unless they found the body, the narrator did not go down into the cellar at night to the cauldron. The officers were constantly talking to the narrator, who hardly slept day or night.
The most important detail in this audiobook is Frank's trial. Jim Conley's testimony hurt Frank so much that neither the coroner's jury nor the grand jury that indicted Frank heard a word from Jim Conley. Frank's decision to make Newt Lee come in early and then let him go for two hours is questionable because Frank is absolutely determined that Newt can't take a break during his two-hour break. Frank's first and only phone call to Lee came at 7:30 p.m. On the night of the murder, he was also suspicious of asking if everything was "okay". Frank is very nervous about 6 hours after the murder, Mary Phagan's body is hidden in the basement, when he sees Mary's friend Gant, he cuts his hands and jumps in fright, in theory he can search for her, but he cannot function normally. The most important detail in this article is that Frank had previously worked with Isa without assistance for almost five years and that he checked Lee's time card the day after the murder and declared that Every Stroke was set correctly. When the bloody shirt is later found at Lee's house, Frank contradicts himself and claims that more punches were missed. The defense team is still trying to plant the idea that Lee may have been involved in the crime, but that theory was greatly weakened when Lee told the court he hadn't even met Conley until a month after the murder on a Sunday in April 1913. 27., in prison. On April 28, Leo Frank changed his story, suggesting that Newt Lee missed three or four shots.
When police searched Newt Lee's home, they found a bloody shirt at the bottom of his incinerator. The defense subjected Lee to harsh cross-examination, misunderstandings, insults and accusations, but they could not grasp any contradictions in him. Sergeant L Mr Dobbs told the jury how he found Mary Phagan's body lying face down, left side on the ground and right side up. Her face was bumpy, swollen and black. The rope was a noose around the neck, embedded in the flesh, and the tongue was stuck out. Detective Constable John Stearns was called to the witness stand to testify that he went to the premises of the Pencil Company between 05.00 and 06.00 on April 27. By the back door he found a clamp that looked like it had been pushed out of a pipe against a tree. He called Mr. Frank and asked him to come to the factory immediately. He made him play Boots Rogers. Mr. Frank looked tense and shaky. Starnes was guarded when talking to him on the phone.
Another important fact in this passage is that the narrator, Mr. Frank, Mr. Black, and the narrator's father, Mr. Geesling, go to the company and see a dead person lying in a room to the right of a large room. Geesling turns on the lamp above her head and the narrator walks to the opposite side of the body with the door to the left.
Mister Geesling grabs the dead girl's face and turns it towards the narrator. The narrator then sees Mr. Geesling walk through the door into a closet where Mr. Quisling or someone is sleeping. The most important detail in this passage is that Mr. Quisling turns the dead girl's head to the narrator, and he can tell if she worked in the factory by looking at his pay book.
Another important fact is that Mr. Hendricks, the night watchman at the pencil factory, showed the writer how to set the clock to less than five minutes, and that the rope used to strangle Mary Phagan on the floor was in the pencil factory at the opposite corner of the dressing room. On the morning of Monday, April 28, the writer saw bloodstains about a foot and a half or two feet long at the end of the dressing room, and he picked up some of the bloodstains. He also found a nail 50 feet away on that side of the metal room, opposite the second-floor elevator, which appeared to have blood on it, and two places near the back door that appeared to have bloody fingerprints. The author does not know when Frank was arrested.
To add further significance to the matter is that Lee was called to the station building on Monday, where he worked in the pencil factory. He never thought of running away, the stairs from the office building to the third floor, when he just climbed up, the door was locked. He heard Booth Rogers testify at the coroner's inquest and prosecutors testify twice.
He couldn't say what his conversation was with Mr. Frank's phone message, but it was a casual conversation. He saw stains on the floor, the rope was cut into pieces, and the little girl had no purse, no flowers, no ribbon on her hat. He spoke carefully about what he had said to Mr. Frank on the phone and handed the tree to Chief Langford. The most important detail in this text is the testimony of W.W. Booth Rogers, who had accompanied the officers to the coroner's inquest. Mister. Rogers recalled seeing Mr. Rosser during the inquest but never heard him say anything during the entire hearing. The most important fact that Starnes highlights is the contrast between Leo Frank's extreme tension and Newt Lee's relative calm. W.W. Boot Rogers also took the oath of allegiance to the state and is associated with Judge Geraldo's court.
On the evening of Saturday, April 26, he was at the station building, and then proceeded to the premises of the National Pencil Company. He heard Mr. Starnes on the phone asking if something had happened at the factory. Mr. Black was with him and asked if something had happened at the factory. Mr. Black said: Mr. Frank, better get dressed and let's go to the factory and see what's going on. Mr. and Mrs. Frank dream of hearing a phone call at 3:00 in the morning, and Mr. Black suggests whiskey. Mr. Frank was nervous and asked questions quickly, but allowed enough time between questions to get answers. They got into the back seat and one of them asked Mr. Frank if he knew a little girl named Mary Phagan. Frank said he couldn't tell if she worked in the factory until he looked at the payroll.
The most important details in this passage are that Newt Lee was arrested and that Mr. Frank looked exactly the same at the police building as when he first met him. He walked quickly, and as soon as the car door opened, he easily jumped off Mr. Daly's lap and headed up the stairs. We didn't know if the girl was white until we wiped the dirt from the child's face and pulled a small piece from her sock. When we got to his home, he asked his wife to bring a tie and tie. At that time, Ms. Frank was talking to Mr. Daly, and Mr. Frank was putting on a tie at the front desk.
An important detail in this recording showed that Mr. Selig had suffered from indigestion the night before and drank all the wine in the house, so Mr. Frank agreed to go with them to the funeral home. When they got into the car they told him it was Mary Phagan, and he could see if she was employed by reading his book. When Mr. Geesling turned the face of the young lady, no one could see the face unless they entered the room. Mr. Geesling sees Mr. Black and Mr. Frank more clearly than the narrator because their backs are turned and Mr. Geesling stares at them directly over his body. When they returned to the factory, the elevator they were riding on made a loud noise and automatically stopped when it reached the bottom.
The narrator lies face down with his arms folded. The main details in this text are that the girl has a bruise on the left side of her head, dried blood in her hair, one eye has turned black, and some small scratches on her face. When they first went down to the basement, they found no shoes, no hats, no umbrellas in the elevator shaft. Upon exiting the elevator, there was quite a lot of excrement that smelled like the excrement of normal healthy people. The girl's hair was that of the white girl, and the body was not in the undertaker, which was visible from the door. Diversion tests revealed that the body was not in the undertaker, which was visible from the door. Re-examination revealed that the body was not in the morgue, which was visible from the door.
The most important detail in this text is the testimony of Detective John R. Black, who knew Frank before Phagan's murder. He pointed out that Frank was not naturally nervous or upset and knew that Frank had changed his mind about Newt Lee's late timing and the discovery of the bloody shirt. He also knows that Frank changed his mind because of the no hits on Newt Lee's time sheet and the circumstances surrounding the discovery of the bloody shirt. Black was easily confused and confused by the defense's rapid cross-examination, damaging his credibility.
John R. Black, a police officer, met Mr. Starnes and Mr. Frank on the phone. He goes to Mr. Frank's House with Boots Rogers in a bathrobe and Mrs. Frank. Frank was tense as he grabbed his collar and asked what happened. He wondered if something had happened to the pencil factory and if the Night's Watch had reported it. When they got into the car, Mr. Frank asked if he knew Mary Phagan and said she was found dead in the basement of the pencil factory.
Frank said he didn't know any girl named Mary Phagan and knew very few employees. He suggested to Mr. Rogers that they be conducted by the firm's undertaker. Mr. Frank looked at the girl and stepped aside.
He thought he had paid her on Saturday, but he could tell by looking at his cash book at the pencil factory.
The following Monday and Tuesday, Frank said, the clock was struck incorrectly three times. On Monday morning, Frank and the National Pencil Co. attorneys Rosser and Mr. Haas came to the police station.
On Tuesday evening Mr. Scott and Mr. Scott that Mr. Frank got to talk to Newt Lee, who thought a lot of the black man and said he had always found him trustworthy and honest. They went into the room and were alone for about five to ten minutes. Frank said Mr. Gantt was there Saturday night and he asked Newt Lee to let him get the shoes but to follow him because he knew the area around the office. After this conversation, Gantt was arrested and Frank didn't mind talking to Newt Lee.
After his release on Monday, he looked very happy on Tuesday night. Frank said at the station that at 06:00 nobody was in the factory except Newt Lee, who should know more since he was in charge of checking the factory every 30 minutes. Cross-examination revealed that Mr Rosser came to the police station between 8am and 8.30am on Monday, recalling that he did not swear Rosser was there. The narrator overhears Mr. Rosser telling Mr. Frank to make a statement without even meeting. They wanted to speak to Frank privately during the coroner's inquest and Rosser was not present. Mr. Frank answered each question and the narrator spoke to him twice. The narrator did not tell Mr. Frank about the murder while they were in the house, but he did as soon as he got into the car. The narrator wants to observe Mr. Frank to see how he feels about the murder. Mr. Frank did not go up to tie his tie, but Mrs. Frank did. Frank brought him his collar and tie, and he put his coat and hat there. The narrator has no idea where he got his coat and waistcoat or what tie or collar he is wearing.
The most important detail in this article is that Mr. Frank was at the police station on Monday from 8:30 a.m. until approx. the writer was there, Sheriff Lanford was there, but no one noticed the blood. Mister. Frank was at the police station from Monday at 830 to approx. 11:30, when Mr. Haas asked them to go to Mr. Frank's house and look at his worn and washed clothes from the week before. A bloody shirt was found at the bottom of a laundry tub at Newt Lee's home around 9 a.m. Tuesday morning. Mr. Frank had told the author that he didn't think Newt Lee had told him everything he knew about the murder. The most important details in this play are the details of Black's misunderstanding and his confusion about when Frank suggested that the house be searched. Dorsey's theory is that Frank wanted his own house to be searched because that would of course lead to Lee's house being searched as well and the bloody shirt being found planted. James Gantt, the man who had given Frank such a fright when he appeared at the factory on Saturday night, was next on the witness stand. Gantt still has a lot to say, including being fired by Frank or being friends with Mary Phagan.
J.M. Gantt, shipping clerk of the National Pencil Company, was fired by Mr. Frank on April 7 due to a possible shortfall in wages. He had known Mary Phagan since she was a little girl, but had not seen her until she went to work in the factory. After being discharged from the hospital, he returned to the factory and Mr. Frank saw him twice. To the best of Mr. Frank's knowledge, $2 is reported missing from the payroll. Mr. Frank told him he had the best office staff ever. On April 26, he saw Newt Lee sitting in front of the factory and remembered that he had left a pair of shoes there. Seeing her, he took a step back as if to return. Mr. Frank came out and asked the narrator if he wanted to go shopping for a pair of shoes with him. The narrator said yes, but he asked if Newt Lee was okay. He then asks the narrator if he wants to go with him.
The most important detail in this article is the testimony of Harry Scott, Pinkerton's agent, who was brought into the case at the behest of the National Pencil Company and paid for by forces friendly to Frank.Harry Scott's testimony is especially credible because his agency was brought into the case at the special request of the National Pencil Company and paid for by forces friendly to Frank. Mr. Frank has just returned from the police station and it seems that Detective Blake suspects that he did it. He described his actions on Saturday 26 April which included arriving at the factory at 08:00 in the morning, going to Montague Brothers for postage and returning to the factory at around 11:00 and 12:00.
Mrs Arthur White's wife, Mrs. White, asked permission to go upstairs to her husband, and Mary Phagan entered the factory at 12.10 in order take away her salary. When she reached the front door of the office, which opened into the hall, she asked if the medal had arrived. Mr. Frank said he didn't know, and as Mary Phagan walked down the aisle he heard voices but couldn't tell if it was a man or a girl. Mr. Frank went up to the fourth floor and asked Wyatt and Denim when they could finish the job. He informed Mrs.White that he was closing the plant and that she had better leave. As she went outside, Ms. White said she saw a black man on the street floor of the building. 13:10 Mr. Opens the factory and goes home for lunch. He comes back to the factory at 15:00 and did some financial work.
At 6:00 after returning to the factory, Li asked Mr. Frank, if everything was okay. Mr. Frank said yes and Lee went about his business. When he reaches the street entrance, he finds Lee talking to Gant, Frank's former accountant who was fired for the theft. Mr. About 18:25 Frank arrived home. The most important detail in this passage is that Mr. Frank and Daly take the narrator on a tour of the factory and show them what the police have found. They went to the metal room on the second floor where they saw some stains that were supposed to be bloodstains and a car that was supposed to have hair on it. Then they went through the skylight, down the stairs, and into the cellar, where all was revealed. Mr. Frank's behavior at the time seemed completely natural, with no signs of strain. His eyes were large and piercing, and his face was slightly pale.
The main information in this article is from a conversation between Mr. Pearson and Mr. Herbert J. Haas on the Pinkerton Agency's position on the matter. Mr. Pearson stated that he had previously heard voices at 12:00 a.m. before Mary Phagan entered and that Gantt knew Mary Phagan well. Pearson also said Gantt was watching him to see if any of Frank's attorneys had said anything about suppressing evidence related to the murder. Mister. Pearson then went to the office of Herbert J. Haas in the Fourth National Bank Building and spoke with him about the Pinkerton Agency's position on the matter.
Mister. Haas said he wanted us to submit a report to him first before it goes out to the public to let them know what evidence we have gathered. Mr. Pearson then saw an area near the girls' locker room on the floor of the office where fresh chips were cut and painted white. On the evening of Tuesday, April 29, Mr. Black with Mr. Frank. Mr. Black said to Mr. Frank that he didn't think Newt Lee had told everything he knew.
Mr. Black asked Mr. Frank, if he would act as employer and employee, go into the room and try to get more out of the niggers than they can get. Mr. Frank quickly agreed and they were alone for about ten minutes. When they entered the room, Lee wasn't done talking to Frank and said, "It's hard for me to be chained to this chair all the time." They then asked Mr. Frank if he had received anything from black people and he said no.
Mr. Frank was very nervous at that time, twitching and turning in the chair, one leg curled up one by one, and he did not know where to put his hands. He took a deep breath, a deep breath, sighed and hesitated. His eyes were about the same as they are now. The interview between Lee and Frank took place shortly after midnight on Wednesday, April 30. On Monday afternoon, Franks said the first hit Lee slid in at 6:33 p.m. His last stroke was at 3:00 a.m. Sunday morning. At approximately 11:30 a.m. on Tuesday, April 29, Mr. Black and the narrator Mr. Frank in custody. On Saturday, May 3, the narrator went to Frank's cell in the prison and asked if he had been to the office. He carefully searched the area around the elevator and the radiators and returned there, but found nothing.
Question? Yes. Superintendent H. B. Pierce and Narrator with Herbert J. The Board's position on this matter was discussed at the Haas meeting. Mister. Haas said whoever was involved, they wanted to know who the killer was. The narrator did not report this to the police. The most important detail in this passage is that the speaker reported the motive for their meeting, that Mr. Haas wanted them to find the killer, even if it was Frank. Mister. Haas told Mr Pearson he would have liked them to give him the evidence report before handing it over to the police. The spokesmen also testified at the coroner's inquest about the conversations they had with Mr. Frank, they did not give details of Mr. Frank's actions when he left home in the morning, arrived at the factory, went to Montague Brothers and returned to the factory. The representative also failed to prove that Gantt was familiar with the little girl, as that would have been negligent. The representative spoke for the National Pencil Company, not Mr. Frank personally.
The details of the speaker's interview with Mr. Frank are also brought up. Speakers said they heard Lee's last words and did not record in their notes that Mary Phagan was familiar with Gantt charts. The spokesman also said they did not show the coroner that a white substance had been smeared over the alleged bloodstains. The spokesman also said they reported it to the police before reporting it to Mr Haas or Mr Montagu Redirect.
Take the exam. The spokesman also said there was a lot of dust on the stairs leading from the basement to the upper floors and the dust appeared to be undisturbed. Finally, the speaker announced that they had been working the entire case with Detective Blake and that they were aware of his every move. A payroll envelope for the club and parts company was found on the first floor of the factory where African-American janitor Jim Conley was sitting the day he was murdered by a rogue agent of Pinkerton, the whistleblower in the Scott bombing. He revealed that Frank had told Scott that Gant knew Mary Phagan very well and that he knew her well and was close. Mary Phagan's colleague, Montena Stover, was not hostile to Frank and thought highly of him, but she was certain that he was definitely not in her office between noon and the day of Mary Phagan's death around 12:45 p.m
Montena Stover was sworn in to the State and said she worked for the National Pencil Company until April 26, 1913, when she was at the factory at five past twelve. She had no animosity towards Frank and held him in high esteem, but she was sure that he was completely absent from his office from noon until the day of Mary Phagan's death at 12:45 p,m. The narrator is 14 years old and works on the fourth floor of a factory. They had never been to Mr. Frank's office before, and the door to the metal room was sometimes open and sometimes closed. They don't pay in the office, so they have to go to a small window to open the diversion control. R.P. Barrett, a mechanic for the Pencil Company, found what appeared to be Mary's hair on a factory lathe in the center of the room, and bloodstains that had been hastily covered with grease were found nearby.
At the end of work on Friday, the hair and stains were still gone. The doors in the metal room are sometimes closed and sometimes open, and are closed when the plant is not in operation. The most important detail in this article is that R.P. On the morning of Monday, April 28, Barrett, a mechanic for the National Pencil Company, discovered an unusual place in the west end of the locker room on the second floor of the pencil factory. The place was about four or five inches in diameter, and the little blob followed them from behind, and there were six or eight people. It looks like a white substance has been applied. There was a broom on the floor, leaning against the wall, but apart from being dirty, there were no signs of use. Mel Stanford sees hair on the handle of an L-shaped table lathe.
On the morning of Monday, April 28, R.P. Barrett, a machinist at the National Pencil Company, noticed an unusual place in the dressing room on the second floor of the pencil factory. There was lube nearby and at the end of Friday's work there was none. He promised to stay there for eight weeks. The writer found a blood point on the floor from 630 to 07:00 on Monday 630 and 07:00, which seems to have been applied with a thick diet. They also found pieces of hair on a lathe handle, a gas jet that the girls sometimes used to curl their hair, and a payment envelope under Mary Phagan's car.
The narrator has never gone for blood before until Miss Jefferson arrives and says she knows Mary was murdered in the metal department. A few minutes later, the narrator finds the hair and left some work behind when he left the car on Friday. Mrs G.W. Jefferson testified that she had found bloodstains on Barrett and that they covered an area "as big as a fan." dr. Claude Smith, a chemist of the city of Atlanta, stated that although he had seen only four or five corpuscles on the wood shavings, his analysis proved them to be blood. In 1913, DNA evidence did not exist, so it was impossible to test the hair or blood to determine if it came from Mary Phagan. After Barrett left the stands, janitor Mel Stanford confirmed what he said was no hair or blood at closing time the Friday before the murder. G W. Jefferson testified that she found the bloodstains with Barrett and that they covered an area "as big as a fan." Doctor and city bacterial scientist and chemist Claude Smith controlled two examples that detectives brought to his office. There are dirt on the chip and some color stains. One of them found some small bodies. The shirt planted at Newt Lee's residence appears to be the same shirt brought to Smith's office by detectives.
Smith checks the stains on the shirt and finds blood stains but no odor from the armpits. The question showed gravel and stains on all chips, and he could not ask him to detect blood. Smith worked in a normal way and the entire surface of the chip was painted with dirt. The most important detail in this text is whether the bloodstain is young or old, with a firm cut shortly after death. Envy Darley, Frank's business partner, testified that Frank nearly lost his mind with excitement after discovering the murder. Dr. Henry F. Harris determined Mary Phagan's death to be close to the time Monteen Stover visited Leo Frank's empty office and stated that he determined the cause of death to be strangulation, despite a prior blunt force trauma, possibly a fist, and her head impact with a sharp object (perhaps a lathe). He also testified that although there was no semen, there had been some violence to Maria's private parts before her death.
Mrs. Arthur White testified that as she walked around she saw a black man hiding near the elevators on the first floor. 1:00 p.m., consistent with the prosecution's theory that the man was Jim Conley, who had spied during Frank's trial. He eventually offers to help Frank move his body.
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The two most crucial details in this text are that Mr. Arnold called attention to the use of words that, in his opinion, no black person would naturally have used, and that Conley provided so much detail in his claims that he could not have been lying. Then he read excerpts from statements Conley had refuted as deliberate lies and highlighted how rich in detail they were. Following that, he read the statement from May 24 in which Conley admitted writing the notes. It showed three different times when Conley claimed to have written the notes.
The first statement about them was a blatant lie that was untrue and unreasonable, and the statements were not actually Conley's. When Conley made this admission, the jury made a significant discovery because, if Conley had stayed with Uncle Wheeler Mangum, he would have told the truth long ago. The two most crucial facts in this passage are that Dorsey erred in joining the pursuit and becoming a participant, and that John Black succeeded in having Conley's testimony changed by shifting the letters' writing dates from Friday to Saturday. Conley, a wretch with a lengthy criminal history and an inability to lie in specifics, admits to fabricating four pages of false information about every saloon on Peter Street.
In order to allay concerns that he was involved in the murder that took place on Saturday, he also changed the day on which he wrote the letters from Friday to Saturday. He added that he made the claim that he wrote the notes on Friday in order to allay concerns about his involvement in the murder that took place on Saturday, and that this is his final and accurate statement. The fact that the man made a statement voluntarily and honestly without the promise of reward and that he is telling the whole truth are the most crucial details in this text.
Even though he claimed he didn't visit the building on Saturday, he was there all morning on the day of the murder. He was either drunk or had enough alcohol in him to make his blood boil. He claimed that while keeping an eye out for Frank, he heard Mary Phagan scream, and that right away after hearing her scream, he allowed Monteen Stover to enter the building. Additionally, he claimed that while Frank and Mary Phagan were ascending the stairs, he heard Mary Phagan scream, and as soon as he did, he allowed Monteen Stover to enter the building. Additionally, he claimed that Mr. Frank had said, "Jim, can you write, what a lie.".
Conley had been writing for Frank for two years and was attempting to establish his own innocence when he claimed he was not in the factory on Saturday and detailed all of his activities for that day. Additionally, he swore that Mr. Frank locked him in a wardrobe until someone left after he heard someone approaching while he was in Frank's office. However, it is well known that they entered the factory between midnight and twelve in reality they entered between eleven and twelve. Conley was attempting to establish his own alibi when he claimed he was not at the factory on Saturday and listed all of the things he did elsewhere on that day.
The most crucial information in this text is that Frank was able to fabricate the details of his statement about hiding him in the wardrobe when Emma Clark entered the room following the murder and that he obtained the factory girls' papers in order to gather information for the statement he had Frank make. Nevertheless, according to Frank's mother's testimony, his sister worked for a living in New York and that his father had a moderate income despite being in poor health. This is the foundation upon which the prosecution has built its case, and it is critical to keep in mind that this foundation is made up entirely of fabrications. The jury has been mistreated by Frank's family, who broke into his house and mistreated his servants, according to this text's most crucial details. Conley has shifted the date on the notes to Saturday, but he denies being aware of the murder.
Conley was interrogated for six hours on occasion by Scott and other detectives who yelled at him and made him feel uncomfortable in an effort to get a confession. Hooper believes that Conley's testimony should be dissected, but the court has not made this decision. It is difficult to determine when to believe him because he has lied so frequently. In an effort to persuade Jim Conley that Frank would not have written the notes on Friday, the detectives had Dorsey review the testimony and questioned him for six hours. Despite changing the date from Friday to Saturday, he insisted that he had nothing else to say.
The statement from May 29 demonstrates how they obtained Conley's statements in this way. They received nothing from Jim Conley regarding his knowledge of the killing of the young girl, and he merely claimed that Frank had mentioned the girl having fallen and that he had assisted Frank in concealing the body. Because he stood up during Colonel Rosser's cross-examination, the state boasted about him. While Scott, Black, and Starnes interrogated him and gave him general cues that they were here to testify in court, they were unaware of the negro's claims that he had seen the cord around the girl's neck, that Lemme Quinn had entered the factory, or that he had witnessed a number of other events. He claimed that Conley was now telling the truth and had disregarded Frank.
Conley had a revelation, and his friends Dorsey, Jim Starnes, and Patrick Campbell paid him seven visits. These are the two most crucial details in this text. Every time Dorsey and the detectives visited, Conley changed his perspective and saw things in a different way. Conley admits writing the notes, and it has been established by witnesses that he was present. It took the black man only two steps from where he was in the building's lobby to the elevator shaft before he grabbed the young girl's mesh bag and punched her in the eye. The story described here is more likely to be true than the one Conley tells about Frank. Assume Frank is no longer in the picture and Conley is being charged.
The most significant information in this text is that Conley never mentioned seeing Mary Phagan, Montane Stower, or Lemme Quinn enter. He now claims to have seen them all enter and that the state's representatives had convinced the black man to claim that he had heard Frank enter with her and emerge later while making a sly noise. Conley was aware of his obligation to appease the detectives, and the rope knot around his neck loosened as a result. They had forgotten, up until Conley took the witness stand, that the mesh bag and the pay envelope contained the real driving force behind this crime. Atlanta was never so stirred as it was by the Phagan tragedy, a terrible crime.
The defendant in court is the man who created the notes and was present, according to his own admission. Mr. Arnold requested that the sheriff open a chart that demonstrated that it was physically impossible for Frank to have committed the crime. When George Epps was arrested, he claimed that Mary Phagan and he arrived in town at around seven after twelve. Since they put up little George Epps and he claimed that he and Mary Phagan arrived in town around seven after twelve, the state has wiggled a lot in this situation. The most crucial information in this passage comes from two streetcar drivers named Hallis and Matthews, who claim that Mary Phagan arrived at Forsyth and Marietta at five or six minutes after twelve.
The State called witness McCoy, who never took his watch out of the sink until right before he was called, and had him swear that he looked at his watch at Walton and Forsyth and it read exactly 12:00. The State, however, accuses him of lying after introducing additional testimony to demonstrate a deviation from the timeline he had previously given. That the two streetcar men who knew the girl saw her is a given. The State's attempts to advance new theories about the period and theories that differ from those their own witness had sworn to are the most crucial information in this text. The State's own witness, George EPS, the streetcar schedule, and the testimony of Hollis and Matthews have all been used to demonstrate the passing of time.
According to Jim Conley's own statement, he began at four minutes before midnight and finished at thirteen o'clock, or 34 minutes in total. Conley took 50 minutes to go through the motions, according to Mr. Branch's calculations. Harley Branch claims to have been present when the detectives forced Conley to carry out what he claimed had occurred. Through his experiments, Dr. William Owen demonstrated that Conley was unable to complete those tasks in 34 minutes. The State has attacked almost everyone they have involved in the case, but Dr. William Owen, who demonstrated through his experiments that Conley could not have gone through those motions in 34 minutes, was not attacked.
The most crucial information in this passage is that Mary Phagan, a young girl who was kind, innocent, and timid, entered the factory at about twelve minutes after twelve, and was killed by a black spider close to the elevator shaft. The spider was as consumed with obscene lust as he was with his desire for more whiskey and the black man. She was robbed, assaulted, and had her body thrown down the shaft before he later carried it back. He then wrapped the cord around her neck and left the body there. The text concludes by stating that there was still enough prejudice against his race in this nation to support such a heinous accusation against Frank.
The fact that Conley left the factory at 130 and Frank left at 01:00 is the most crucial information in this passage. Mrs. Levy is telling the truth when she says that a young girl who applied for a job as a stenographer in Frank's office saw him at ten minutes after one. Mr. and Mrs. Selig testified that they were aware that he came in at 120, but Dorsey claims they are Frank's parents and vile liars because they claim to have seen him do so. Despite being Jewish, Mrs. Levy is telling the truth. Mr. and Mrs. Selig testified that they were aware that he entered the stadium at 120, but Dorsey contends that they are Frank's parents and vile liars for making such a claim.
There are only two individuals in this situation who can be trusted to tell the truth: Conley Dalton and Albert McKnight. Albert asserts that he was present at the Selig residence when Frank entered and that he was uneasy and didn't eat. Additionally, he claims that Frank did not get on the car headed for town at Pulliam Street and Glenn. It was two men looking for a reward who signed the affidavit on behalf of Men Nola McKnight, the cook for Mr. and Mrs. Emile Selig. Following that, they questioned Manola as to why she hadn't told the truth like Albert.
The most crucial information in this text is that Starnes and Dorsey committed a crime when they imprisoned a woman without a warrant, which is why it is so important to remember that. Minola's attorney, George Gordon, pleaded with Dorsey to let the woman go, but Dorsey refused. A forewoman at the national pencil factory named Miss Rebecca Carson vouchsafed that Frank was a person of integrity. The woman and Frank entered the woman's dressing room when no one else was present, according to the state's introduced witnesses. The state asserts that Frank wouldn't have looked at the corpse, but he returned to the factory that afternoon and made out the financial sheet. The text also states that Geesling and Black did not swear to that, which is very important to the man over there.
The Leo Max Frank murder case was built on prejudice and perjury, and it's possible that the murderer has been identified. These are the two most crucial facts in this text. However, it is crucial to follow the law in circumstantial cases because there is no other explanation for the alleged crime. Conley is the only thing the State has to go on to support their case, and they have already established that Conley is a liar. Since their consciences will concur, it is crucial to write a verdict of not guilty, and your consciences will give your approval. .
Mr. Arnold, who represents the prisoner, congratulates the jury on the conclusion of the case, which required so much time, effort, and focus. According to Mr. Hooper, when deciding whether an accused person is guilty or innocent, the men on the jury must apply the same common sense as the men in the street. The horrific crime that had been committed that afternoon or evening in the shadowy basement of the National Pencil Company is then described by Mr. Arnold. He focused on the impact the crime had on Atlanta's residents, the high ceiling running, and the pervasive desire to kill the offender. In the text, Kendley, a streetcar driver, is described as demonizing the defendant and calling for his lynching.
Additionally, he thinks that Frank should be hanged for the murder of a young girl who wasn't his victim and that no charges would have been brought against him if he weren't a Jew. Gradually, the case has come together, pitting Frank against a monstrous perjurer in Jim Conley. Only a few witnesses have ever spoken negatively about Frank, and no one had heard anything against him prior to the murder. The class of our witnesses, floaters around the factory, is also mentioned in the text, along with the class of their witnesses. The most significant information in this passage is that the jury must establish Frank's guilt of the murder after the hundreds of workers who have been at the plant for three or four years have sworn to his good character.
Initially Lee and then Gantt were chosen as the suspects for the detectives to pin the crime on. Additionally, the jury must demonstrate that there is no possibility that anyone else could be guilty with equal probability; if this is not the case, then the jury must free Frank. The detectives were instructed to blame someone—first Lee, then Gantt—for the crime. The fact that numerous people entered and claimed they had seen the girl alive late on Saturday night and at other times is the most crucial information in this text. At the time, nobody knew what to do. After turning its attention away from Lee for a short while, suspicion next turned its attention away from Gantt.
Lee is allegedly much more knowledgeable about the crime than he admitted, and he discovered the body much earlier than he claimed. In a ruling, the Supreme Court cited the Third Degree techniques employed by the police and detectives in the case of Jim Conley. Nothing, according to Hooper, but the truth kept Conley seated in the witness chair, but his fear of breaking his neck kept him there. Conley's situation was taken into consideration when this Third Degree decision was made.
Mr. Arnold uses the Durant, Hampton, and Dreyfus cases as illustrations of instances in which circumstantial evidence was misused. He gives examples of circumstantial evidence errors in the Durant, Hampton, and Dreyfus cases. According to Mr. Hooper, Jim Conley would have taken the girl's body down the elevator right away if he had seen the girl go up and killed her. The girl's murder on the second floor, however, is not likely to have occurred. According to Mr. Hooper, if Jim had seen the girl go up and killed her at that moment, he would have brought the body back down the elevator.
The girl's death on the second floor, however, is not likely. Hooper struggles to come up with a plan to kill Mary Phagan, a young girl who was killed by Frank. He draws inspiration for his plot from Jim Conley's account, which mentions Frank's engagement to a woman at the pencil factory that Saturday morning. There is no suggestion that another woman is involved in the case, despite Jim's promise to prove that Frank had a date with another woman that Saturday morning at the pencil factory. Ferguson, a girl, claims that on the Friday before Mary Phagan was killed, she asked Frank for Mary Phagan's pay, but he refused to give it to her.
This is the wackiest theory imaginable, and it doesn't make sense. It's a convoluted conspiracy. The most significant information in this passage is that Frank had nothing to do with paying off on Friday and that Helen Ferguson's best friend, Magnolia Kennedy, was with Helen when Helen went to collect her pay. Hooper also asserts that Frank fired Gantt as a result of seeing Gantt speaking to Mary Phagan. According to Boots Rogers' sister-in-law Grace Hicks, who worked with Mary Phagan, Frank was unaware of the young child.
Additionally, according to Hooper, bad things are happening in the pencil factory, and in situations like these, it is only natural for men to look for women. The text ends by stating that there hasn't been much proof of these conditions in this plant compared to any other of its kind in the city. Even though they only know Frank by sight, the most crucial information in this text is that he was a disgruntled former employee who swore against his former superintendent. He might have peeked into the changing room to make sure the girls weren't loitering, but there were no restrooms, toilets, or bathtubs there. Hooper interprets this as part of a plot because Frank asked Jim Conley to return on Saturday morning, and that day, the office was busy all day.
Additionally, he believes there are bears hiding in every bush because Frank had asked Jim Conley to return on Saturday morningffice was busy all day. Because Frank told Jim Conley to return on Saturday morning and the office was busy all day, Hooper also believes that there is a bear hiding in every bush.
This heinous crime was committed by a Negro who would treat a ten-year-old girl just as badly as an elderly woman. Christopher Columbus Barrett, an explorer in the pencil factory, found the blood spots where Chief Beavers, Chief Lanford, Mr. Black, and Mr. Starnes had looked on the day of the discovery. The floor where the spots were discovered had four flooring chips removed from it. Five core puzzles were discovered by Dr. Claude Smith on the chips, and half of the blood was two or three years old. Due to his own evidence impeding him, Jim Dorsey's own doctors have placed him in a position where he cannot wriggle.
When they discovered bloodstains on a particular area, they had him place the body they had discovered close to the bloodstains and have him drop it there. It makes sense that there would have been blood nearby if a girl had been injured on the lathing machine. The two spots of blood and strands of hair are the only proof the prosecution has that the girl was killed on the second floor, and these are the two most crucial facts in this passage: there was no blood where the body was allegedly discovered, and they are the only details in this passage that prove where the girl was killed. Barrett, the explorer, claims to have found four or five strands on the lathe, but it is likely that they were blown from a gas jet the girls used to curl and style their hair. While secretly knowing that their case against Frank, given his high social standing and culture, is based solely on the fact that he was sincere enough to admit seeing her that day, the detectives portray him as a crafty, cunning criminal.
Daisy Hopkins was called to the witness stand to expose Dalton as a liar because she is a fallen woman who can tell the truth. On the testimony of a perjurer like Dalton, the prosecution will have a difficult time convicting a man like Frank. Jim Conley, the sole man in the building at the time the case began, is the focal point of the entire investigation. Frank admitted to seeing the girl, so the detectives focused their attention on him. However, this evidence is tainted by deception from the get-go. The detectives were happy to hear Jim Conley's story as he attempted to save his neck.
If a black person is capable, it is of telling a detailed story. The world's best impersonator is a black man named Jim Conley. Because the detectives had already done so and were assisting him in doing the same, he made up his tale and put the blame for the crime on Frank. While detectives Black and Scott were giving the elderly Newt Lee a cane, a bloody shirt was discovered in his home. Conley's initial denial that he could write is what first implicates him in the crime. Later, when they discovered he could and that his script matched the murder notes exactly, they immediately accused Frank but not according to criminal records.
Jim Conley had a better opportunity than he did to accuse another man of committing a crime. Given that Frank was a man of civility, culture, status, and top position, therefore the detective division had many reasons to pursue the case against him since they feared the general public and sentiment and did not want to fight it, they chose the path of least resistance.
Leo Frank was convicted on Monday, August 25, 1913, following the jury instructions provided by Judge Leonard Roan. Leo M. Frank was accused of choking Mary Phagan with a cord that was wrapped around her neck in an unlawful manner and with premeditation to kill and murder her. The jury was sworn to hear the case after the defendant entered a not guilty plea to the charge. The State had to prove its case by providing the jury with proof that proved the defendant's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt because the presumption of innocence was in the defendant's favor. Although beyond a reasonable doubt, the jury was not required to find him guilty.
Murder is defined as the unlawful killing of a human being in the peace of the State by a person of sound mind and discretion with malice of forethought, either express or implied. Express malice is the willful intent to unlawfully take another person's life that is demonstrated by external circumstances that can be used as evidence. When there is little to no indication of provocation and the entire situation surrounding the murder suggests a heartless, malicious intent, malice is presumed. Malice in a legal sense refers to a general evil plan rather than specific animosity toward the deceased. If a homicide is established to have been committed by the defendant, the law presumes that the defendant acted with malice, and the slayer may be found guilty of murder absent compelling evidence to the contrary.
Proof that the defendant committed the murder eliminates the presumption of innocence. It is the defendant's responsibility to defend the homicide after it is established that the defendant committed the murder. The rules of evidence, which are intended to discover the truth, are the most crucial details in this text. Direct evidence that directly refers to the subject at hand is the best type of evidence. Indirect or circumstantial evidence is that which only tends to establish the matter by proving various facts supporting by their consistency the hypothesis claimed to warrant a conviction on the basis of circumstantial evidence.
In addition to excluding all other reasonable doubt hypotheses other than the accused's guilt, the proven facts must be both consistent with and exclude the hypothesis of guilt. In a criminal case, the defendant has presented testimony attesting to his moral character, which the jury should take into account as one of the case's facts. Like any other substantial fact tending to establish the defendant's innocence, good character should be weighed and estimated by the jury. However, the jury must convict if the accused's guilt is established beyond a reasonable doubt and to their satisfaction.
The most crucial information in this passage is that the jury may take into account the defendant's good character if the rest of the testimony raises reasonable doubts about whether or not the defendant is guilty.
If the jury's perception of the defendant's guilt is reasonably raised by the consideration of the evidence and the defendant's good character, then the jury has a duty to grant the defendant the benefit of the doubt created by this and to find the defendant not guilty. When the term "character" is used in this context, it refers to the overall impression that person made on those who knew him before Mary Phagan passed away. When a defendant calls into question his character, the State is free to refute it by demonstrating that his reputation in general is not good or by demonstrating that the witnesses who have claimed that his character is good have misrepresented it.
The defense witnesses for the defense who were introduced to attest to his good character have the right to cross examine, and the Solicitor General has the right to pose any questions in this vein. The jury is not to consider this as evidence that the defendant has been guilty of any such misconduct unless the alleged witnesses testify to it, which is one of the most crucial details in this text. The Solicitor General was permitted to question the defendant's character witnesses about their knowledge of various acts of alleged misconduct on the part of the defendant.
Furthermore, when the defendant has called into question his character, the State is free to call witnesses to refute those who claim his character is strong by showing that it is weak overall. This testimony may be used by the jury, and they have the right to do so along with any other evidence that has been presented regarding the defendant's general character. To be found guilty of the crime for which they are accused, a defendant must, however, be proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt based on all other evidence in the case. The most crucial information in this text is that the jury can acquit the defendant if they think that the defendant's overall character was strong before Mary Phagan's death. However, if the jury finds the defendant guilty of murder beyond a reasonable doubt, they have the option of convicting him and punishing him with the death penalty by hanging him from a tree until he dies.
The defendant would have to accept the most severe punishment for murder, which is to be hanged by the neck until he dies, if the jury decides not to proceed with the case. The jury has been instructed by Judge Roan that the court must sentence the defendant to life in prison if the jury finds him guilty and recommends that he be held in a penal institution. The defendant's statement, which is not made under oath and is not open to questioning or cross-examination, has been heard by the jury. If the evidence raises a reasonable doubt in the jury's minds, they may acquit the defendant and state in their verdict: "We, the jury, find the defendant not guilty.". Judge Roan concluded his charge to the jury by stating that if the jury found the defendant not guilty, the court would have to sentence him to life in prison.
The jury began deliberation at 01:30 p.m. and at 04:39 p.m., they came to a unanimous decision. After a second and final vote, the verdict was guilty as charged and sentencing recommendation was without mercy, implying a death sentence for Leo Frank. The verdict was delivered to Judge Leonard A. Strickland Roan at 04:56 p.m. and each jury member was polled individually.
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Despite the fact that Leo Frank's arrest and trial and Mary Phagan's murder occurred 100 years ago and ultimately inspired the creation of the Jewish Anti-Defamation League, the ADL has barely made any mention of these events. According to Scott Aaron's summary of the crime in his book The Murder of Mary Phagan and the Lynching of Leo Frank, Mary Phagan said her final goodbyes to her mother on Saturday morning at 11:30 on April 26, 1913, while eating a poor girl's lunch of bread and boiled cabbage. She then made a stop at the National Pencil Company to see Superintendent Leo M. Frank and pick up her $1.20 pay for the day she had worked there. The fact that one young life had already ended for her by 01:00 was almost completely unknown at the time. A rough cord that had been pulled so tightly to entrap itself deeply in her girlish neck and cause her tongue to stick out more than an inch from her mouth was used to abuse, beat, and strangle her. She was found dead, dumped in the basement of the Pencil Company, her once-bright eyes still open. In 1913, Georgia, it was customary for all prosecution and defense witnesses to take oaths before testifying in court.
Everyone was shocked when the Leo Frank defense team, consisting of Luther Rosser and Ruben Arnold, requested that their witnesses be sworn in later. After Presiding Judge Leonard Rohn ruled against them, the defense was prepared to call its list in five minutes. Mary Phagan's mother, Mrs. Fanny Coleman, was the first witness regarding Leo Frank's personality. She spoke about her final moments with her daughter on the morning of the previous April 26.
The second witness was 15-year-old George Epps, who claimed to have traveled with young Mary on the trolley starting at 11:50 a.m. Until twelve, at 7:00 p.m. After disembarking, she went to the National Pencil Company to pick up her pay from Superintendent Leo Frank. The third prosecution witness, Newt Lee, was the night watchman for the pencil company and the person who in the early morning hours discovered Mary Phagan's battered body in the factory basement. On the day of the murder, Frank, a friend of Mary Phagan's and a former employee at the plant, arrived and asked to pick up some shoes he had left behind. Frank took twice as long to enter Lee's slip into the time clock than he should have because he was so anxious. Frank called Lee to check in with him after he left for home and to see how things were going.
Lee testified in court that Frank informed authorities about Lee's correctly punched time card for the previous night the day after the slaying while they were both present. The text is a transcript of the Atlanta Constitution's coverage of the first day of the trial on July 20, 1913. At around 7:00 or 8:00, Leo Frank was seen entering the office and gazing at the ground. He declared the punches to be satisfactory as he unlocked the timer. This was done in an effort to cast doubt on Newt Lee, who later admitted to police that Lee had missed several punches. When a bloody shirt was planted on Lee's property, the pattern of the stains revealed it had not been worn when stained, but had instead been crumpled up and wiped in blood, allowing Lee to identify the fake as such. Lee was not shaken by Rosser's cross-examination of him that day in any aspect of this story.
The 100th anniversary of Mary Phagan's murder and the arrest and trial of Leo Frank have received little attention from the Jewish AntiDefamation League, despite the fact that these incidents ultimately inspired the creation of the ADL. Since 2015 marks the 100th anniversary of Leo Frank's lynching, the League is probably saving its PR blitz for that occasion rather than the passing of Mary Phagan. The ADL might not benefit from urging people to read about Frank's trial, though, as it might cast doubt on the widely accepted narrative that Frank was an innocent man being persecuted by anti-Semitic Southerners looking for a Jewish scapegoat. A good place to start is with Scott Aaron's summary of the incident from his book The Murder of Mary Phagan and the Lynching of Leo Frank. Mary Phagan left her Bellwood home at 11:30 on Saturday, April 26, 1913, and boarded a streetcar headed for downtown Atlanta. Before the festivities began, she visited Superintendent Leo M. Frank at the National Pencil Company to pick up her $1.20 pay for the single day she had worked there. One of her young lives had already ended by 1:00.
A rough cord that was pulled so tightly to suffocate, beat, and strangle her caused her tongue to stick out more than an inch from her mouth and become deeply embedded in her delicate neck. With her once-bright eyes now blind, Mary Phagan lay dead and abandoned in the basement of the Pencil Company. Before giving any testimony, both the prosecution and defense witnesses in Georgia in 1913 were required to take an oath.
Hugh Dorsey's witnesses were duly sworn on July 28, 1913, when Hugh Dorsey called them. However, the Leo Frank defense team, consisting of Luther Rosser and Ruben Arnold, shocked everyone by asking to have their witnesses sworn at a later time. For a while, the defense had wanted to keep their plan of using Frank's character as evidence against him and disclosing the identities of their witnesses a secret. The first witness regarding Leo Frank's personality was Mary Phagan's mother, Mrs. Fanny Coleman, who spoke about her final moments with her daughter on the morning of the previous April 26. The second witness was George Epps, a 15-year-old who claimed to have traveled on the trolley with young Mary starting at 11:50 a.m. to 12:07 p.m.
When she got off the ship, she went to the National Pencil Company to pick up her pay and superintendent Leo Frank. On the day of the murder, Frank gave Lee the order to leave immediately and return at six, according to Newt, the third prosecution witness. When Mary Phagan's friend J., a former employee of the plant and Lee's former coworker, arrived, Frank was still acting strangely. When Lee left, Frank became very agitated. A visitor named M. Gantt asked to get some shoes when he arrived. Because of his anxiety, Frank took twice as long as he should have to put Lee's slip into the time clock.
Mary Phagan's mother, Mrs. Coleman, was the first witness to testify during Leo M. Frank's trial after he was accused of killing the young girl on April 26 in the National Pencil Factory building. Luther Z was sternly cross-examining Newt Lee, the night watchman who found Mary Phagan's body in the National Pencil Factory basement. Newt Lee was still on the stand. Rosser, Frank's legal representative. Lee Retains Original Account When the trial resumes this morning, Lee will once more take the witness stand. His testimony is not anticipated to yield any new information. The Frank trial's opening day's proceedings lacked any dramatic moments or unexpected testimony.
There were pathetic moments here and there, like when Mrs. W. Coleman, the mother of the dead child, sobbed bitterly as she saw her young daughter's clothes. The courtroom was amused by Newt Lee's quaint allusions and negro descriptions of a tiny light in the basement of the pencil factory, and there were other humorous moments, like when the young Epps boy explained to Luther Rosser how he determines the time of day by the position of the sun. The crowd stayed on the sidewalks, intently staring through the courtroom window and eagerly interrogating anyone who left the building while also spitting tobacco juice onto the street. The accused Leo M. Frank and his wife Mrs. Leo M. Frank's appearance is one of the most crucial details in this text. Leo M. Frank had impeccable grooming and was wearing a gray suit with a noticeable pattern. He was grinning at several friends every quarter.
Mrs. Leo M. Frank, a young woman with a lovely appearance, was fixated on attorney Dorsey at all times. Mrs. J. W. Mary Phagan's mother, Coleman, was the first State witness to speak. Both attempts to demonstrate Mary Phagan's attitude toward Leo M. Frank and the defense's attempt to demonstrate the dead girl's attitude toward little George Epps, the 14-year-old newsboy who testified that they rode downtown together, were thwarted by the opposing counsel, and the testimony was instead launched in the traditional manner with the introduction of Mrs. J. W. Coleman, Mary Phagan's mom. Reuben R. Arnold and Luther Z. Ross Trial judge L disregarded Rosser for Frank's attempts to keep the names of their witnesses a secret.
In retaliation, the defense pleaded with the court to uphold their duces tecum, which they had previously served on the solicitor and which demanded that he bring into court all declarations and affidavits made by James Conley, the black sweeper who had made an affidavit implicating himself and claiming to have helped Frank dispose of the girl's body. If these affidavits and statements are deemed to be relevant, Solicitor Dorsey has agreed to provide them at the appropriate time. The trial began on time at nine o'clock, with veniremen, spectators, witnesses, attorneys, and friends of the principal all crowded into the courtroom. In contrast to the persistent rumor that the defense would ask for a postponement and to their frequent objections to the trial, the defense demonstrated that they were prepared and willing to proceed with the trial.
After returning home, Frank called Lee to see if everything was "Alright.". Lee testified in court that Frank informed authorities about Lee's properly punched time card the day following the murder while they were both present. The text is a transcript of a portion of the Atlanta Constitution's coverage of the trial's opening day on July 20, 1913. At around 7:00 or 8:00 in the morning, Leo Frank was seen entering the office and gazing at the ground. He declared that the punches were fine as he opened the clock. As part of an effort to implicate Newt Lee, this testimony was concerning from Frank's perspective. The same period saw the planting of a bloody shirt on Lee's property, which was quickly identified as a fake when the staining pattern revealed that the shirt had been crumpled and wiped in blood rather than being worn when it was stained. Lee was unmoved by Rosser's cross-examination of him that day in regards to any aspect of this narrative.
The most significant information in this recording is that Frank had retained Black as counsel, and that the state's worst suspicion is that they also hired Herbert Haas. Frank had gone to the police department alone, without help or friends, and the next day two detectives were sent to find him. Black claimed to have been watching Frank on Monday and was then taken to the police station. Frank would have sought assistance from friends or a lawyer if he had known the odds against him. The old police gang and their tactics are known to local veteran Sig Montague.
He called Haas, but Haas declined to go to the police station, so he couldn't see Frank. Haas then requested the assistance of a more experienced and knowledgeable person to combat the injustice of the police. When Frank went to the police station and provided his statement, a detective agency hired him to find the murder that had been committed in his factory building. As Frank made his way to police headquarters, Sig gave him advice for the first time ever and urged him to make a statement. Despite being told they didn't want him when he got to the office, he persisted in going.
Frank's self-exposure and subsequent release is the text's most important revelation. He phone Sig Montague and asks for his advice on how to solve the crime. SIG suggests hiring a detective agency. The Pinkertons, who Frank hires, work with the local police department. Scott records Frank's statement and lets him know they work with the neighborhood police. After that, Scott and John Black, who has been arrested and is charged with murder, proceed through the basement of the pencil factory.
The testimony is concluded with a quotation from Sig Montague, who advises Frank to hire a detective agency to solve the crime. One of the most important details in the text is how the Pinkertons tried to frame him for the murder of a Jewish boy from the north in his place of business. The boy is willing to find the murderer despite his inability to defend himself because he is aware of his innocence. He does not believe that his friend who came before him had any intention of doing this, despite their claims that the time slip and shirt were planted although there is no evidence to support this. The shirt was found in a barrel when Black and another person went outside to visit Newt Lee's house on Tuesday morning. Newt insisted that the shirt was his or at least appeared to be his when they brought it back to the police station. Although it is not a legal duel, the newspaper and some other people seem to think it is.
Why old man Lee didn't find the body sooner, how he found it lying on its face, and how he saw it from a location from which he could not have seen it are just a few of the author's unanswered questions about the case. The author speculates that a nigger involved in the crime must have been the first to learn of it—before Newt or anyone else—because of his familiarity with niggers because he was raised among them.
The only outcome of the detectives' persecution of the old man was a god-fearing individual. The boy stepped out in front of a massive gantt and jumped back. The most important information in this text is the assertion that Dorsey, Newt Lee, Jim Conley, and I would have acted similarly. Frank fired Newt Lee at the factory when he showed up at 4:00, but when he showed up again at 6:00, Frank let him stay. During the course of his employment, he was required to go into the basement where the body was allegedly found. Conley was there as well, and it was discovered yesterday that there was a third nigger present who was a lighter shade of nigger than Conley. When a man is accused of moral perversion, he suffers greatly, but when his mother and wife are also impacted, the suffering is increased.
To defend Frank, not even Dalton said this. The two most important details in this passage are that neither Dalton nor Starnes nor Starnes provided any proof that Frank had committed a crime or was otherwise wrong, and that none of the niggers they mentioned were aware of Frank's alleged moral perversion. Then there was the aged black man by the name of Draymond, who asserted that on that specific Saturday morning, old McCrary had cast him into the cellar.
Conley lied and said he was there between 2:00 and 3:00 on a Saturday last year, but Schiff, Darley, Holloway, and the little office boys all deny it, and the case is dropped. Hamlet, Merchant of Venice, and other Shakespearean plays are plays that actor Conley is familiar with. He can retell the events leading up to the disposition of the girl's body in either a forward or a backward chronological order. He stated unequivocally, " Boss, I don't remember that was his standard reply to inquiries about unrelated subjects". Despite assertions that Conley could not have made it up, there is something odd about the entire narrative.
After believing Mrs. White had seen the Negro, they carried her over to him, but she was unable to recognize him because of the Negro's distorted features. The most important detail in this text is that Conley was given the third degree by Black and Scott after they yelled and cursed him for failing to show up to write those notes on Friday. Conley admitted the truth, and they performed another recitation. According to the text, Conley was trained by two wise white men by the hour and by the day, who then got a statement from him and said it was the truth.
In a slightly different course at the university taught by professors Starnes and Campbell, Professor Dorsey helped by teaching him a few lessons. The text concludes by stating that it was unfair for two educated white men to train a black man by the hour and by the day, then obtain his statement and assert it to be true. The two most important details in this passage are that the detectives ran into him seven times and that Professor Dorsey ran into him seven times while teaching the course. Conley added the mesh bag while he was on the stand as Mary Phagan entered the factory at about twelve minutes after twelve. Lemmie Quinn arrived at 12:20 and found Frank working. Little Miss Kearns saw him in Alabama and Whitehall at 110, and Mrs. Levy saw him get out of the car at his home corner. Who believes that story? If Frank is guilty, he must have removed the body in the interval between 4:11 and 130.
If Conley wants people to believe him when he claims they are all guilty of it, he will have to find Manola's husband guilty of perjury. The most important detail in this text is that a black woman was jailed in the solicitor's office after she refused to talk to Suit Starnes, Campbell, and two white men. Chief Beavers got involved in the crime, making the immaculate think Frank was at the factory. The best jury in the world, the American jury, was not persuaded to accept this. Conley contradicted himself enough while testifying that calling witnesses was unnecessary. A witness who wasn't used was a man by the name of Mincy.
If they had chosen to house Mincy, there would have been a day-long debate about his honesty. The two most important points in this text are the fact that Conley has lied numerous times and the necessity for detectives and the Solicitor General to watch over and cultivate the truth. The speaker claims that no man should be put on trial based on such testimony and that the gentlemen have treated him unfairly. They were in a similar situation to Russell, who taught for 40 years, and the benches always sucked the air out, but they were screwed to the floor. The speaker thanked the gentlemen for their out of the ordinary good deeds.
In his address to the jury, Mr.Rosser emphasizes the value of impartiality and the need to do so without passion or cruelty when deciding whether to take a man's life. He explains that because they are distinguished from careless people who wander aimlessly or in fits of reverence, jurors are different from people who are out on the streets. He also stresses how crucial it is to be impartial and pass on a man's life without passion or cruelty because it is their responsibility to do so. The detectives who tracked down two people to swear against Frank, Dalton and Conley, are the most crucial details in this trial . Dalton stole three times in Walton County before moving to another county, where he most likely went to avoid more trouble. Mr. Arnold told him in his ear as he took the stand that he was a thief, and he started to evade and flinch.
He knew he was a thief when he walked away from the stand. Dalton traveled to Atlanta, underwent a change of heart, joined a religious group, and persuaded them that he was no longer acting immorally. The narrator's belief in the divine power of regeneration and the possibility of reformation make up the text's most crucial details. One kind of man, though, cannot be changed: once a thief, always a thief. When they crucified the narrator and hung him on the cross on the hill, the narrator's master recognized the traits of a thief. Dalton defiled the name of his race, was a thief and worse, but after joining the church, he turned into a respectable, credible man. He was proud to respond in the affirmative when asked if he had ever visited that depressing, filthy factory basement with a woman for immoral purposes. Dalton had never before been the center of attention. The key information in this passage is that Dalton was questioned about his guilt and that, if he had fallen, he boasted and braggadocio about it.
He claimed he had no idea that she was such a peach that he was unable to look away to look at Frank's woman. Conley offers a different account, claiming that Frank kept the peach and lemon for himself and that Dalton had to find him a new partner. According to Dalton's account, he took that woman into the factory, into a filthy, unpleasant footed hole where slime oozed and where no respectable dog or cat would go, and there he satisfied his passion.
The most crucial information in this passage is that Dalton and Conley went to the Clark Wooden Ware Company at 2:00 on a Saturday afternoon last year and left an Uzi trail behind them. Additionally, they looked for evidence that would expose the factory as an evil entity. Only Frank could make the statement to the jury; neither he nor Mr. Dot Arnold were aware of what Frank would say when he took the stand. In addition, he claimed that it would be impossible to round up 100 working women and girls in Atlanta using a fine-toothed comb, and that no working men in Atlanta would be so cold-blooded as to permit such conditions. Last but not least, neither Mr. Dot Arnold nor Frank knew what he would say when he took the stand; his statement to the jury was entirely his own work.
The speaker's ability to demonstrate that Frank's claim was true and the fact that they were not required to elevate Frank's character are the text's most crucial details. Despite the fact that some people have claimed he has a bad character, the speaker maintains that he generally has a good character. He also says that if the good and decent people who live nearby and know him come up and say that his character is good, the speaker will believe them. The speaker also says that as he gets older, he becomes gentler and that he wouldn't think or say anything bad about those misinformed young girls who claimed Frank was a bad man. The most crucial information in this passage is that Miss Maggie Griffin, Mrs. Dot Donegan, Miss Johnson, Nellie Potts, Mary Wallace, Estelle Wallace, and Carrie Smith were the only factory employees who had worked there since 1908 to have claimed that Frank had a bad character.
In the hundreds of people who have worked there since 1908, only these two have claimed that Frank is a bad person, and they were unable to persuade any men to leave the factory and swear against him. It is hypothesized that the long-legged Gantt would have known about Vice if the factory had been his den.
Due to his dislike of Frank, who Gantt does not like, Gantt was fired from the factory. There have been allegations that Mary Phagan learned how to work from Frank, but Miss Robinson refutes these claims. Although it has no meaning, he also called her Mary. Willie Turner, who has no grudges against Rosser or Luther, is the next person to be arrested. Due to his dislike of Frank, who Gantt does not like, Gantt was fired from the factory.
The accusations made against Luther and Willie Turner are the most crucial information in this text. Miss Robinson is alleged to have observed Frank instructing Mary Phagan in how to work, but Miss Robinson disputes this. Willie Turner observed Frank conversing with Mary Phagan in the middle room, but there was no indication of lascivious lust in her observations. The text also discusses the tactics the detectives employed against Willie Turner, including how they handled him and how Dorsey treated him. The text does not support the plot Hooper had so much to say about, but it does mention that Willie Turner saw Frank talking to Mary Phagan in the open. The detectives' theories against Willie Turner are the most significant details in this text. Miss Robinson is alleged to have observed Frank instructing Mary Phagan in how to work, but Miss Robinson disputes this. There is no evidence of the lascivious lust that Willie Turner is supposed to have witnessed when he observed Frank speaking to Mary Phagan in the middle room.
Willie Turner has also been the target of detective tactics, including how Dorsey handled him and how they handled him. Willie Turner overheard Frank and Mary Phagan conversing in the middle room, but there is no indication of lascivious lust. Willie Turner has also been the target of detective tactics, including how Dorsey handled him and how the detectives themselves handled him. Willie Turner has also been the target of detective tactics, including how Dorsey handled him and how they handled him. The most crucial information in this passage is that Frank was with a young child in an open factory in front of Levy Quinn's office, and that he never made inappropriate advances toward her. Grace Hicks and Helen Ferguson at Magnolia Kennedy dispute Dewey Hool's claim that she saw Frank placing his hand on Mary Phagan's shoulder and assert that Frank was not acquainted with Mary Phagan. Hooper asserts that Frank planned to bring the girl there on the Saturday before she was killed and that he was unaware of the identities of some of the pay envelopes that were left over from the previous Friday.
Despite Magnolia Kennedy's sworn denial, Helen Ferguson insists that she asked Frank for Mary Phagan's pay on Friday and that he refused to give it to her. Mary Phagan, a woman who had spent two days working in the factory, was killed, and Frank is accused of it. He is accused of being anxious, but Black, Darley, Sigmontog, and Isaac Haas all acknowledge that he is anxious. Frank is also accused of not answering the phone when they called him that morning, which may have been caused by the meal he had the previous evening. In addition, they claim that he didn't answer the phone when they called him that morning, which may have been a result of the meal he had the previous evening. Frank is charged with killing Mary Phagan, but Black, Darley, Sigmontog, and Isaac Haas all admit to being anxious as well due to their connections to the defendant.
The most significant information in this recording is that Grace Hicks and Helen Ferguson at Magnolia Kennedy contradict Dewey Hool and state that Frank never knew Mary Phagan, despite Dewey Hool's claim that he saw Frank placing his hand on Mary's shoulder. Jim Conley claims that at 4:00 on a Friday afternoon, Frank told him to come back the next morning. Hooper claims that Frank planned to get the girl there on the Saturday that she was killed. Helen Ferguson claims Frank refused to give her Mary Phagan's pay and told her to come back the following day to collect it on her own. Frank was anxious, according to Black, Darley, Sigmontog, and others. The most crucial information in this text is that Isaac Haas and Mr. Darley were both anxious, and that the girls in the factory were so anxious that they were unable to work the following day. Frank's nerves jangled as he gazed at Mary Phagan's disfigured form and crushed virginity. When they called him that morning, he wasn't awake, and the body was discovered. As a result, it's possible that some of the characters were dozing off when the breakfast bell rang and were hanging out of nervousness.
When they went to the enemy's camp to get ammunition, Rogers and the Black honest men noticed his anxiety. Frank, the defendant in this case, explains his anxiety as a result of the car ride and seeing the body as he attempted to explain his condition by inhaling gas. The light, which had always burned brightly, had been turned back so that it was now burning like a lightning bug, Old Newt Lee claims to the jury.
He discovered this when he returned to the cellar. Then Leo M. Frank dims the light in the hopes that Newt Lee won't find the body that night. Harry Scott is sent to find the Pinkerton agent on Monday night, and there is no need for an affidavit to force him to tell the truth. The most crucial information in this text is that when Scott, the witness, first saw Frank at the factory on Tuesday morning, he was tense and pale. Frank was pacing his office inside through the windows, according to Wagner, who was sent up there to watch him from across the street, and he looked out at him twelve times in the thirty minutes before the officers arrived to take him. On the way down to the station, Scott became agitated and uneasy as he observed Frank pacing his office inside and gazing out at him twelve times in the thirty minutes before the officers arrived to take him.
When Scott saw Frank pacing his office inside and gazing out at him twelve times in 30 minutes through the windows on the way down to the station, he became agitated and uneasy. It is clear why Hammond was anxious after hearing Dunbar's testimony in the case against him for the murder of two young children.
The heaviness of guilt, fear, regret, and terror was the cause of it. The ghost of the dead girl, the cord, the blood appeared, and the ghost of this trial, the prison of the gallows, and the grave of infamy guilt, forces itself into speech and behavior. Mr. Rosser contends that even if our religion is a fraud and a farce, it still teaches that man can be saved, enjoy a good character, and have the respect of those around him.
The unrefuted testimony of people who have known John Dalton since he left his hometown of DeKalb and Fulton, as well as the testimony of C.T Maynard, a witness who cannot be easily discredited, are the most crucial details in this text. The three weeks that Newt Lee spent there were spent by Newt Lee, who witnessed with his own eyes this man, Dalton, enter a pencil factory with a woman in support of Conley.
When this man, Conley, was taken into the custody of the Atlanta police department, Mr. Dot Rosser said he would give anything to find out who had dressed him up. In response to the ruling made by His Honor, Judge Roan, Mr. William Smith, a person hired to defend this Black Conley, set up. The most significant information in this text is that Jim Conley is currently being detained at the police prison of the city of Atlanta after initially being detained in the Fulton County prison. He is a crucial witness in the prosecution's case against Leo M. Frank on behalf of the State, so it is important to have him present at the trial to prevent the prosecution's case from being dismissed. Respondent demonstrates to the court that the city police prison is set up and staffed in such a way that he is completely safe from any attack that might be made against him. He also demonstrates that his cell is solitary and that the key to his cell block is always in the possession of a sworn uniformed officer of the law. The request to remand him back into the custody of the honorable men who would oversee the Atlanta police force was granted by Judge Roan. The most significant information in this text is that Mr. Dorsey was released from custody and that the order transferring him to Fulton County's common jail was revoked.
Mr. Rosser contests that the judge's order remanding him to the Atlanta police's custody was the right course of action. The court then nullified both the orders committing him to prison and the order transferring him, making it appear as though no orders had ever been made. Judge L.Roan then issued an order transferring Mr. Dorsey to the City of Atlanta Police Department.
The most crucial information in this passage is that Jim Conley was not whisked away from Georgia when he entered the courtroom to take the oath, and that he had been released from all forms of custody. He was discovered to have had access to the National Pencil Company's cash register, but nobody other than the National Pencil Company's hirelings impeached him for his general bad character.
Even in broad daylight and during working hours, it was demonstrated that he had relationships with Miss Rebecca Carson, the woman on the fourth floor. His own witness, Miss Jackson, claimed that he arrived when the girls were relaxing and unwinding after finishing their piecework. With the exception of the National Pencil Company's hirelings, these facts demonstrate Jim Conley's repudiatory Negro status and general bad character. Jim Conley, Miss Kitchens, Amos Jackson, Darley and Maddie Smith, McCrary, Monte Stower, Daisy Hopkins, Lemme Quinn, Dalton's statement that he had previously seen Jim watching on weekends and holidays, and Daisy Hopkins' statement that he had seen her enter the factory with Dalton and go down that scuttle hole to the location where that cot is displayed. Frank's statement that he would consult with his attorneys regarding Quinn's statement that he had visited him.
All of these assertions are supported by the evidence offered by the four women in charge, including that of Jim Conley, Miss Kitchens, Amos Jackson, Darley and Maddie Smith, McCrary, Monte Stower, Lemme Quinn, Daisy Hopkins, and Frank's room.
Frank also stated that he would consult with his attorneys regarding Quinn's assertion that he visited him in his office, and Dalton stated that he had previously seen Jim watching on weekends and holidays. Daisy Hopkins also stated that he had. In addition, he discussed the retracted affidavit given to the police in Manola McKnight's presence and how plenty of cord was used to strangle the young girl to death. These details are crucial because they demonstrate that the murder was committed by a man who stayed at home and hurried back to the factory, and the use of the cord found in large quantities to choke the girl to death.
The two most crucial facts in this passage are that Jim Conley wrote a note to conceal a crime and that no Black person has ever before in the history of the race done the same. The note paper on which it was written was widely scattered on the office floor and close to Frank's office, and Jim Conley claimed to be the author.
Mr. Rosser and Mr. Dorsey each read a list of page numbers that contained the statement that Mr. Arnold was referred to in. Mr. Arnold was mentioned in a list of page numbers that Mr. Rosser read aloud.
The most crucial information in this text is that Mr. Dot Arnold reported the official report written by the official stenographer and that Mr. Dot Dorsey quoted Frank as saying, "I did it and I done it. "The jury heard that testimony as well as Jim Conley's cross-examination, and each time he was questioned, he responded, "I done it Mr. Rosser," and the stenographer recorded it accurately. Mr. Perry is confident that he can make a declaration that will please Mr. Dorsey after reporting one to 31 on his own.
There is no reason for a reporter to confuse Did and Done because they have very different shorthand characters. Mr. Dot Perry and Mr. Dot Dorsey contend that a black person will occasionally adopt the language of the white person for whom he works. The context of the notes indicates that Mary was attacked as she went to get water, and Mary only knows of one closet—the one on the office floor where Conley claims to have discovered the body.
This demonstrates a deliberate effort on the part of someone to limit and exclude the crime to one man, and this fact supports Conley. Frank also backs up Conley's claims regarding the time of his arrival at the factory on Saturday morning, the duration of the visit to Montagues, and the existence of the folder that Conley claims to have in his possession. According to Perry's claim, Harry White received $2. The two most significant facts in this text are that Frank kept a voucher book and allowed each and every person to sign for the money they received, and that Arthur White borrowed $2 from Frank ahead of time on his wages. This voucher book was used for Express, kerosene, and any other imaginable expenditure of funds.
Frank was unable to provide the signature of White or any entry in his books proving that this man White ever received the money, with the exception of the entry made by Schiff a week or so later. This is due to Frank's inability to produce White's signature or any entry he made in a book proving that White ever received the money, with the exception of Schiff's entry from a week later. The most crucial information in this passage is that Frank did not ask for or accept White's receipt as payment for that amount because his thoughts and conscience were focused on the crime he had committed.
Frank's claim that he had family in Brooklyn and the evidence in the case both support this. With regard to a man by the name of Mincy, Old Jim Conley was subjected to a great deal of questioning. Echo responds that Mincy was a myth or a cunning perjurer, and that this man knew that bringing him before a jury would make them queasy. Jim Conley is supported by the absence of Mincy because if Mincy had been able to refute Jim Conley or had been able to persuade Old Jim to admit that he was involved in the crime in any way, he would have been found if someone had gone through the entire state of Georgia with a fine-tooth comb, from Rabun Gap to Ty B Light.
The most important details in this text are that the defendant, Leo M. Frank, is guilty of the murder of Mary Phagan, a little factory girl who died because she wouldn't yield her virtue to the demands of her superintendent. The defendant's actions, words, and circumstances in the case all prove him guilty of the crime, and the jury has taken the oath to try the issue formed on the bill of indictment between the State of Georgia and Leo M. Frank, charged with the murder of Mary Phagan. The jury has taken the oath to try the issue formed on the bill of indictment between the State of Georgia and Leo M. Frank, charged with the murder of Mary Phagan. The jury has taken the oath to try the issue formed on the bill of indictment between the State of Georgia and Leo M. Frank, charged with the murder of Mary Phagan. The jury has taken the oath to try the issue formed on the bill of indictment between the State of Georgia and Leo M. Frank, charged with the murder of Mary Phagan.
This case's defense is hazy and unfocused. While they flutter and circle, they never become light. Regarding other claims, like the depth Jim Conley pushed his victim into, the defense is hazy and imprecise. The defense is unsure and vague as to which hole Jim Conley forced his victim into. Regarding the hole Jim Conley forced his victim into, the defense is unsure and vague. The defense is unsure and vague as to which hole Jim Conley forced his victim into. Regarding the hole Jim Conley forced his victim into, the defense is unsure and vague. The defense is unsure and vague as to which hole Jim Conley forced his victim into. The incidents surrounding the slaying of a young woman in a factory are the most crucial details in this text.
After spending a full day searching the factory on May 1 when Mr. Dot Holloway grabbed old Jim Conley and claimed he was his nigger, squad number two of the Pinkertons discovered so much blood that it took them until May 15 to discover it. After Mr. Barrett claimed to have seen blood there before he returned to see it, Mr. Quinn had to ask him to look at the blood spots he had discovered on the second floor. He called Schiff three times to get the Pinkertons down because he was so anxious to hire a detective. He claimed that Lemme Quinn had to come and ask him to see the blood stains that Mr. Dot Barrett had discovered on the second floor. This implies that Mr. Dot Quinn was eager to hire a detective and read about the position in the newspaper before returning to see it.
Lemme Quinn sarcastically recited Leo M. Frank's claim that he returned to the dressing room on the second floor and used an electric flashlight to examine the blood spots. Nobody on earth has ever seen Leo M. Frank, however, looking at what Beaver, Storne, and Storne claimed to be blood close to the dressing room on the second floor, according to Barrett, Jefferson, Mel Stanford, Beaver, Storne, and Storne. Frank claimed to have twice visited the morgue, but Rogers claimed he didn't even glance inside. Rogers never claimed that he didn't look at the body, so Mr. Dot Rosser misrepresented the evidence. Mr. Dorsey claimed that Rogers never looked at the body, but Mr. Arnold is adamant that this isn't the evidence.
The Negro's intentions toward the girl remain ambiguous, even if he took the time to write the notes and tie a cord around her neck. The defense is hazy and evasive on other claims, such as whether Jim Conley shot his victim down that staircase back there or down the other hole in the Clark Wooden Wear Company's building.
On other claims, like whether the Negro actually robbed the girl even if he took the time to write the notes or tie a cord around her neck, the defense is hazy and imprecise. The circumstances surrounding the murder of a young woman in a factory are the most significant details in this text. After spending a full day searching the factory on May 1 when Mr. Dot Holloway grabbed old Jim Conley and claimed he was his nigger, squad number two of the Pinkerton agents discovered so much blood that it took them until May 15 to discover it. Mr. Barrett discovered blood spots on the second floor after claiming to have seen blood there before Mr. Quinn came to ask him to look at them. He contacted Schiff three times in order to track down the Pinkertons because he was so eager to hire a detective.
The blood stains on the second floor discovered by Mr. Dot Barrett had to be shown to him, he claimed, and Lemme Quinn had to come and ask him. This implies that Mr. Dot Quinn saw the ad for a detective in the newspaper before he went back to see it. Mr. Dot Quinn was eager to hire a detective. Lemme Quinn casually rattled off Leo M. Frank's claim that he returned to the morgue and looked at the blood spots close to the dressing room on the second floor. Nobody on earth has ever seen Leo M. Frank, however, looking at what Beaver, Storne, and Storne claimed to be blood close to the dressing room on the second floor, according to Barrett, Jefferson, Mel Stanford, Beaver, Storne, and Storne. Additionally, Frank claimed he twice went to the morgue, but Rogers, Black, Mr. Rosser, Mr. Dorsey, and Mr. Arnold all claimed he didn't go near the body. In contrast to Black, who said he didn't know and couldn't say whether he saw it or not, Rogers said he didn't know and couldn't say whether he did.
Mr. Dorsey contends that Frank never glanced at Mary Phagan's body; however, if he did, it was only for a moment as the electric light flashed on before he turned and fled the scene. He questions the evidence to show that Frank ever looked at the girl's face, which was so fleeting that even if she was filthy and begging, her hair was bloody, and her features were distorted, he could never have recognized her as Mary Phagan.
Additionally, he asserts that on Sunday afternoon he returned to the morgue to listen for any rumors or hints that Leo M. Frank had carried out the heinous act. Rogers, the factory's superintendent, claimed to have been watching him and that the sight tore him to pieces. He wants the jury to think that the car ride and seeing the features of that poor girl were the causes of his anxiety.
On Sunday afternoon, Leo Frank visited the morgue to check if he could detect any aromas that might have suggested the police were looking into him. He acknowledged his anxiety in front of the police, but the Seligs claim he wasn't anxious when he called Newt Lee to inquire about what had transpired at the factory.
In the hallway, he read the Saturday Evening Post while attempting to disrupt the card game with his guilty-feeling laughter. He was anxious as he approached the law's pawns and had to discuss the proposal with them, as he operated the elevator, and as he approached the box to turn on the power. The most crucial information in this passage is that the defendant left a box open because a firefighter had stopped by and warned that if there was a fire, the electricity might electrocute some of the firefighters.
It wasn't necessary to do this because turning a lever would have turned off the electricity and allowed the key to be hung up in the office. Before coming to the conclusion that Old Jim Conley was his nigger, Old Holloway was truthful, and he understood the significance of the claim that when Frank went there on Sunday morning, the box was unlocked and Frank had the key in his pocket. The key was always in Frank's office, according to Mr. Dorsey Holloway, and the power box and elevator were unlocked on Sunday morning without anyone going to get the key, according to this text's most crucial information. Boots Rogers also claimed that Frank had the key the following morning in his pocket, but that claim is unsupported by the facts. The argument is that Mr. Dorsey claimed that the key was always in Frank's office, that the power box and elevator were unlocked on Sunday morning, and that the elevator started without anyone going to get the key. Mr. Rosser was willing to say that despite having a responsibility to know that it is untrue.
On the threshold, Old Newt Lee stops Frank and won't let him go up. Frank then calls Newt to see if Gantt has left and if everything is okay at the factory. His own detective, Harry Scott, has discovered Montana Stower's body despite the fact that Frank is in jail and that his affidavit contradicts this claim. Leo M. Frank avoids Scott when he visits him in his jail cell by claiming that he didn't leave the office when he did. The most crucial information in this passage is that Scott, a Pinkerton detective, was accused of killing Monteen Stover on May 3.
Instead of stepping outside his office to respond to a call from nature, as was alleged, he did so. Then he claimed that he never left his office and that the only time he testified in front of an impartial jury was when he was accused of murder and had all the odds stacked against him. Additionally, he claimed that if he had stayed in his office, he would have seen her, heard her, and spoken to her, as well as given her her pay. He added that if he hadn't remembered it, he wouldn't have insisted so often and categorically that he never left his office and only testified in front of a fair jury after being accused of the murder and having the evidence stacked against him. Finally, he claimed that if he hadn't remembered it, he wouldn't have claimed that he only testified under oath in front of a fair jury after being accused of murder and that he never left his office.
Mr. Scott queries Frank as to whether he spent the entire period between arriving at the factory from Montague Brothers and visiting White and Denim on the fourth floor in his office. Frank replies that he was in his office from the moment he arrived at the factory until Mary Phagan entered, and that he went upstairs to get Mrs. Dot White out of the building at 12:50. Scott then queries Frank as to whether he was present in his office from 12:00 until Mary Phagan arrived and from that point until 12:50, when he went upstairs to fetch Mrs. White from the building. Frank replies that he spent every minute of that half-hour in his office from noon to 1:30. Scott goes on to inquire if Frank was in his office from the time he arrived at the factory until Mary Phagan entered and then from that point until 12:50, when he went upstairs to fetch Mrs. Dot White from the building.
The most crucial information in this passage is that Frank told his personal detective Harry Scott that he had been away from his desk from a short while before the girl arrived until he went upstairs at 12:50 to ask Mrs. White to leave. This assertion disregarded what Frank had told his personal detective, Harry Scott, and implied that he had the authority to, if he so chose, write a verdict that was in direct opposition to the truth and the interests of justice. Frank also made an effort to dissect Little George EPS, demonstrate that McCoy didn't have a watch, and attempt to prove that Kenley was lying because he was acquainted with the young girl and believed that he intuitively knew who the murderer was. "Will Frank ever have his own self-esteem?"
is the final query of the audiobook file.
The testimony of one state witness against whom there is no indication of suspicion provides the text's most crucial details. This witness, Mr. Dot Kelly, knew the girl and rode in the same car as Hollis. The case file does not support Mr. Rosser's claim that he has no interest in Dr. Roy Harris' testimony regarding the cabbage removed from the girl's stomach. Mr. Dot Arnold's claim that there isn't a scrap of evidence regarding the impact it might have on the jury is blatantly false and ought to be excluded from the jury. The advice of Mr. Dorsey is that any man can survive on buttermilk, cornbread, and cabbage. The arguments presented by Mr. Dorsey and Mr. Arnold are the most crucial information in this text.
In support of his claim that there must have been more involved than just these men's training, Mr. Dorsey claims that a doctor who was a jury member's doctor brought him to the scene. According to Mr. Dot Arnold, a certain doctor was brought in because he treated a certain jury member. According to Mr. Dorsey, Mr. Arnold's assertion is contradicted by the number of doctors these men have listed. Mr. Dot Arnold claims that something other than the training of these men must have been involved, and that a doctor who was the jury member's doctor brought him here.
Mr. According to Dorsey, the number of doctors listed by these men here refutes Mr. Arnold's assertion. The state's case is strongly supported by the cabbage hypothesis, which also undermines the defendant's alibi. Dr. Childs, a general practitioner who is ignorant of the effects of gastric juices on food in the stomach, is ineligible to oppose Dr. Roy Harris, the esteemed secretary of the Georgia Board of Health. Old Newt Lee was advised to return there on Saturday at 4:00 by the man, who also expressed anxiety when speaking to old man John Starnes. Old Newtly was sent outside because Jim Conley hadn't arrived but Conley was wanted. In order to prevent Atlanta's city police from solving the Phagan mystery today, Frank sought out a chance to burn the body.
The testimony of one state witness against whom there has been no indication of suspicion provides the text's most crucial details. As a passenger on the same car as Hollis and a person familiar with the girl, Mr. Kelly is the witness. The evidence in this case does not support Mr. Rosser's claim that he has no interest in Dr. Roy Harris' testimony regarding the cabbage that was removed from the girl's stomach. Mr. Dot Arnold's claim that there isn't a scrap of evidence regarding the impact it might have on the jury is blatantly false and ought to be excluded from the jury. It is also suggested by Mr. Dorsey that buttermilk, cornbread, and cabbage are sufficient for any man. The arguments presented by Mr. Dorsey and Mr. Arnold are the most crucial information in this text.
In support of his claim that there must have been more involved than just these men's training, Mr. Dorsey claims that a doctor who was a jury member's doctor brought him to the scene. According to Mr. Dot Arnold, a certain doctor was brought in because he treated a jury member. According to Mr. Dorsey, Mr. Arnold's assertion is contradicted by the number of doctors these men have listed.
Mr. Arnold claims that something other than the training of these men must have been involved, and that a doctor who was the jury member's doctor brought him here. Mr. According to Dorsey, Mr. Arnold's assertion is contradicted by the number of doctors these men have listed. The state's case is strongly supported by the "cabbage proposition," which also undermines the defendant's alibi. Dr. Roy Harris, the esteemed secretary of the Georgia Board of Health, cannot be dissuaded by Dr. Childs, a general practitioner who is ignorant of the effects of gastric juices on foods in the stomach. Gantt's worry about returning to the building that afternoon was sparked when he noticed a boy sweeping out a pair of shoes. Gantt claimed to have two pairs, but he was afraid to admit that the man was also sweeping them out. He then asked Newt to accompany him up the stairs so he could get the tan and black shoes. Gantt describes his actions, and Newt describes his leap. Gantt describes his actions, and Newt describes his leap.
When speaking with old man John Starnes, the man appeared uneasy. He also advised old Newt Lee to return on Saturday at 4:00. Old Newt Lee was sent outside because Jim Conley hadn't arrived but Conley was wanted. Frank wanted a chance to burn the body so that the Atlanta city police would not be able to solve the Phagan mystery today and that it would likely not even be known that the girl died in that factory.
The two most crucial facts in this audio passage are that there was no blood at the scuttle hole and that blood was discovered on the factory's second floor. Even though it was a holiday, the factory's foreman, Lemmie Quinn, entered and informed the narrator that he couldn't keep him away from the workplace. The narrator then collected their papers and went upstairs to visit the boys who were on the top floor.
Mrs. White claims that she passed by and noticed the narrator at 12:35. In order to see the boys on the top floor, the narrator then collected their papers and went there. In order to see the boys on the top floor, the narrator then collected their papers and went upstairs to visit the boys who were on the top floor. The most crucial information in this passage, according to the narrator, is that Albert didn't eat anything and came in close to 130. Before leaving and catching the car, he went to the dining room sideboard and stood there for a while.
The story was related to Craven by Manola McKnight's husband, who said these things to the officers, and he didn't consume anything in the dining room. If Gordon had not said it, then he was not deserving of the title of lawyer because he was down there and could have said it. The most crucial information in this passage is that Manola McKnight's attorney, George Gordon, sits there and watches as she puts her fist to the paper and makes a false swearing declaration that could land her in jail. Her attorney, George Gordon, could have obtained a writ of habeas corpus to have her released from custody as soon as he could have reached a judge.
But Craven and Albert were present, and Manola McKnight was seated there with her attorney, George Gordon, who was eager to introduce something into the case that these men had been requesting for a long time but had never been able to until he took the stand and swore that she had said something that was untrue as you can see from the questions I asked him. The two most crucial information in this passage are that Albert McKnight is accused of lying to the detectives and that he was reluctant to take over their operations for fear of alienating them. Additionally, he is charged with lying to a photographer as well as his wife, Mrs. Selig.
Additionally, Mrs. Selig and a photographer were allegedly deceived by Albert. Additionally, he is charged with lying to a photographer and his wife, Mrs. Selig. In addition, Mrs. Selig, Albert's wife, and a photographer are both charged with lying to them. He is also charged with lying to a photographer and his wife, Mrs. Selig. Additionally, Albert is charged with lying to a photographer and his wife, Mrs. Selig. The key information in this audio recording is that George Gordon, a man who is passing himself off as an attorney, permitted a woman to put her fist to a piece of paper and swear to it, sending her to the penitentiary.
Albert McKnight did not eat anything in the dining room, according to an affidavit Manola McKnight made in support of this man. Albert McKnight is supported by the evidence provided by the photos, Julius Fisher, and other people who entered the dining room after the sideboard had been moved, and it is clear that once the sideboard was adjusted, Albert McKnight had complete visibility of the entire space. That Albert stayed there for about five or ten minutes and checked himself in the mirror in the corner was a too-straight-forward and reasonable-sounding story. When Leo M. Frank entered the home on April 26 between 1:00 and 2:00, Albert McKnight was questioned about whether he saw him.
He says to Albert that he saw him enter the building between 1:00 and 2:00, that he stayed for only about 10 minutes, and then he left to go to town. Additionally, he says to Albert that he saw Manola enter the space but leave after just a few seconds in the dining room. Additionally, Albert claims to have seen Leo M. Frank leave the sideboard and return to the city, though Albert has never been inside the home and is unsure whether or not he actually did. The most crucial information in this passage is when Mr. Dorsey informed Mr. Craven, the manager of the plow department at Beck and Greg Hardware Company, that he had told the truth and was upheld. Mr. Dorsey was even more exhausted than he had anticipated on August 25, and he regretted the need for him to be postponed for another week—or rather, another Sunday. He had just finished a brief analysis of the defendant's statement and wasn't going to continue with a more thorough analysis because it would only cause him more trouble and he lacked the physical stamina. The defendant stated that his wife visited him at the police station and that she was there almost in hysterics, having been brought there by her father, two brothers in law, and Rabbi Marks.
These are the most crucial details in this audiobook. Rabbi Marks, who was with the defendant, advised him on whether it would be wise to let his wife visit the top floor so she could see the surroundings, city detectives, reporters, and snapshotters. The accused relies only on his own statement and offers no evidence of a living person to support his claim. Mr. Arnold disagrees with the claim that his wife didn't go there out of any sense of guilt on his part, but he does not take issue with any allusion to his wife's failure to make the trip to see him.
The most significant information in this text is that Mr. Arnold disagreed with Mr. Dorsey's assertion that his wife never returned there because she was afraid of being photographed by snapshotters. Additionally, Frank mentioned that Conley had written him numerous notes with a pencil asking for a loan. Conley's card from the jeweler he purchased the watch from on an installment plan was discovered in the safe's drawer, and Scott there confirmed Conley's account of what happened when he told him not to take any more money out of the safe and the watch incident. That has never happened, according to Scott. The most crucial information in this passage is that Frank was aware of James Conley's writing prowess but chose to remain silent until the detectives linked him to the Phagan case. Frank was aware that Conley could write because he checked the pencil boxes and wrote numerous notes to him in an effort to obtain money. Conley also wrote the notes for Frank that he used to try and shift the blame for the crime to another man. Finding the author of the notes buried with the body was the most convincing evidence that could be used to identify the perpetrator of the crime. As stated in the notes, a Black person committed the crime. Conley visited the factory and jail, where he intended to confront Branch, which Frank and Branch talk about. Frank assured them that if they obtained Mr. Rosser's approval, he would speak with them and deal with Conley.
Mr. Rosser tried a case at Talua Falls, but he left afterward. Frank continues by informing the jury that no white man has ever been falsely accused of a crime by an ignorant, filthy black man and refused to appear in front of him. Furthermore, he notes that no other race has ever in its history had a white man who has been accused of a crime by an ignorant, filthy black man refuse to go up against him. A lawyer half as skilled as his client, Mr. Luther Z. Rosser, had a conscience of his client's innocence and would have confronted the accuser if he had falsely accused him of a crime. When he suggested that Frank engage in a filthy farce with a filthy Negro, he made his first and last statements, claiming that these addenda were unheard-of, that no one had ever dreamed of meeting them, and that Frank had no chance to do so. This is untrue because, when he first suggested performing the farce, he said that no one had ever heard of these addenda and that Frank had no chance to meet them.
The most crucial information in this passage is that Mr. Dorsey is involved for his life and that Mr. Rosser has the right to interrupt him when he falsifies the truth. He also has the right to voice a valid objection, and Frank declined to face Conley in the meeting the detectives suggested when he was out of the city. However, Mr. Rosser has not objected to the fact that Frank declined to be confronted by Conley at the meeting suggested by the detectives when he was out of the city, and that if that meeting had taken place, he would have been aware of Conley's statement. The most crucial information in this text is that Mr. Dorsey has the right to comment on the defendant's behavior but is not permitted to do so while the defendant is presenting their objections to the court. Mr. Dorsey is free to comment on any behavior that falls within the purview of this trial, but he is not permitted to do so if his objection is upheld.
Mr. Dorsey has the right to comment on any behavior falling within the purview of this trial even though he is not outside of the record and is instead included in it. The most crucial information in this passage is that Leo Frank, a Cornell graduate and the factory's superintendent, declined to meet Jim Conley, a clueless black man, on the grounds that his counsel was out of town. He had the chance to learn at least some of the accusations Conley had leveled at him when his counsel reappeared. At twelfth hour on Tuesday, April 29, Frank went inside and conducted a neutral interview over there. Instead of getting involved with this Negro who was new to Lee, the man he had famously directed suspicion at in order to save his own neck, he did not behave like a man who wanted to discover the truth.
Frank did not make a sincere, honest, or diligent effort to uncover the truth in order to maintain his good standing with residents of Washington Street and Bennet Bryth members. The detectives emphasize the likelihood that couples may have been permitted access to the factory at night by night watchman Newt Lee, who had only been employed there for two or three weeks. This is one of the most crucial details in the text.
Due to the detectives' emphasis on the fact that couples frequented the area on weekends, holidays, and at night whenever other night watchmen were present, Lee effectively prevented the state from challenging or refuting his claim. The detectives emphasize that couples were in the factory while Newt Lee, the night watchman, was keeping an eye on things, even though Newt had only been working there for three weeks, Frank adds. This is due to the detectives' emphasis on the fact that couples had entered the factory while Newt Lee, the night watchman, was on duty, despite the fact that Newt had only been working there for three weeks.
The defendant's claim that the alleged blood spots were actually paint and varnish rather than actual blood is the subject of the majority of the text's crucial details. In contrast, the defendant asserts that there was not even a single spot, much less a blood spot, on the floor where Barrett worked. The defendant also claims that he witnessed the girls drop paint and varnish bottles, causing them to shatter on the floor. The defendant claims that if fresh red paint or fresh red blood had been used instead, the haskelline compound with soap in it—a powerful solvent—would not have been applied in a liquid state and would instead have appeared pink or red instead of the white that it did at the time. The defendant also claims that he saw the girls drop bottles of paint and varnish, causing them to break on the floor. If that had been fresh red paint or fresh red blood, and that haskelline compound with the soap in it, which is an excellent solvent, had been applied there when it was still liquid, it wouldn't have happened, the defendant claims. The most crucial details in this audiobook series are the arguments put forth by the jurors in the Leo Frank case.
They contend that Hascline combined with the blood on the second floor would have had the same outcome as what the witnesses have testified to. Additionally, they contend that the testimony of Atlanta's city bacteriologist Dr. Claude Smith and doctoral witness Dr. Roy Harris contradicts the jurors' testimony. Finally, they contend that the jurors' testimony conflicts with the testimony of Drs. Roy Harris and Claude Smith. Last but not least, they contend that Dr. Roy Harris' testimony conflicts with what the jurors have said.